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ATRT2 Progress and Milestones

The graphic below illustrates phases and status of each review – a Checkmark indicates that all activities within a given phase have been completed. The chart that follows the graphic provides further details of key activities and milestones within each phase. The table also contains links to relevant documents.

ATRT2 Phase


Phase Activity Description Start Date Documents
Assemble Review Team Call for volunteers Public announcement inviting volunteers to submit application 5 Oct 2012
Appointment of review team members Appointment of review team members based on AoC requirements 15 Feb 2013
Applications Applications received for ATRT2 28 Jan 2013
Plan Review Terms of Reference (Draft) Document outlining the scope of work by the review team 2 May 2013
Various Review team activities and detailed information available on the community wiki 20 Oct 2015
Conduct Review RFP for external consultant Independent Expert Request for Proposals announcement 2 Jul 2013
Selection of independent consultant Announcement of selection of independent consultant by ATRT2 17 Aug 2013
Final Report of External Consultant The ATRT2 considered the recommendations in the Final Report prepared by InterConnect Communications as it developed the draft proposed Recommendations that were published for Public Comment 21 Nov 2013
ATRT2 Draft Report Draft report posted for public comment 21 Oct 2013
ATRT2 Correction Report A section was added to the Executive Summary, Recommendation 6 (page 3). These recommendations are included in the body of the Report that was issued for Public Comment on 21 October 2013 and were inadvertently excluded from the Executive Summary. For purposes of clarity and to be certain that the public had an opportunity to view all Recommendations of ATRT2, they are being published as part of the Executive Summary in this erratum. 7 Nov 2013
ATRT2 Final Report Final report submitted to ICANN Board 31 Dec 2013
Board Action Board receipt of the Final Report Board action and resolution 27 Mar 2014
Public comment on Final Report Final report posted for public comment 9 Jan 2014
Board action on review team recommendations Board action and resolution 26 Jun 2014
Plan Implementation Plan implementation Plan implementation 27 Jun 2014
Implement Improvements Details of implementation and periodic updates Information available on the ICANN website 31 Dec 2015
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."