Emergency Back-end Registry Operator
Note: The English language version of all content and documents in this section is the official version. Translations in other languages are for informational purposes only.
The establishment of Emergency Back-End Registry Operators, or EBEROs, are an important innovation of the New gTLD Program. The EBERO program mitigates risks to the stability and security of the Domain Name System in the event of New gTLD operator failure.
Emergency back-end registry operators are temporarily activated if a TLD registry operator is at risk of failing to sustain any of the five critical registry functions. These functions are:
- DNS resolution for registered domain names
- Operation of Shared Registration System
- Operation of Registration Data Directory Services (e.g., Whois)
- Registry data escrow deposits
- Maintenance of a properly signed zone in accordance with DNSSEC requirements
EBEROs are limited in the services they can provide. For example, EBEROs will not provide any additional services that a TLD operator may have offered its customers, such as web hosting or network analytics.
The currently contracted organizations meet stringent technical requirements and have demonstrated years of experience in operating domain name services, registration data directory services and extensible provisioning protocol services. They are:
- China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
- CORE Association (CORE Internet Council of Registrars)
ICANN is responsible for declaring an event requiring EBERO emergency services and coordinating all emergency response activities.