Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for Jia-Juh Kimoto

Jia-Juh Kimoto

United States of America

Project Manager I

Profile image for Marc Salvatierra

Marc Salvatierra

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

Profile image for Natalie Schoer

Natalie Schoer

United States of America

Creative Services Manager

Profile image for Rob Hoggarth

Rob Hoggarth

United States of America

VP, Policy Development & GAC Relations

Profile image for Xavier Calvez

Xavier Calvez

United States of America

SVP, Planning & Chief Financial Officer (CFO)

Profile image for Laura Bengford

Laura Bengford

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

Profile image for Carlos Reyes

Carlos Reyes

United States of America

Sr. Policy Director, Community Operations and Programs

Profile image for Bart Boswinkel

Bart Boswinkel


VP, Policy Development & ccNSO Relations

Profile image for Patrick Jones

Patrick Jones

United States of America

VP, Global Stakeholder Engagement

Profile image for Daniel Halloran

Daniel Halloran

United States of America

Deputy General Counsel and Chief Data Protection Officer

Profile image for Josh Jenkins

Josh Jenkins

United States of America

Sr. Infrastructure Engineer 2 - Network

Profile image for Christina Rodriguez

Christina Rodriguez

United States of America

Sr. Director, Language Services

Profile image for Eleeza Agopian

Eleeza Agopian

United States of America

Vice President, Strategic Initiatives

Profile image for Yan Agranonik

Yan Agranonik

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Contractual Compliance Risk & Audit

Profile image for Sawsan Aldawodi

Sawsan Aldawodi

United States of America

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Profile image for Steve Allison

Steve Allison

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

Profile image for Francisco Arias

Francisco Arias

United States of America

VP, GDS Technical Services

Profile image for Yaovi Atohoun

Yaovi Atohoun


Stakeholder Engagement & Operations Director - Africa

Profile image for Connor Barthold

Connor Barthold

United States of America

Lead Information Security Engineer

Profile image for Fahd Batayneh

Fahd Batayneh


Stakeholder Engagement Director- Middle East

Profile image for Josh Baulch

Josh Baulch

United States of America

Director, Stakeholder Participation and Engagement

Profile image for Andrea Beccalli

Andrea Beccalli


Stakeholder Engagement Senior Director- Europe

Profile image for Amy Bivins

Amy Bivins

United States of America

Sr. Counsel

Profile image for Michelle Bright

Michelle Bright

United States of America

Board Content Coordination Director

Profile image for Dongmei Cao

Dongmei Cao

United States of America

Sr Technical Lead- Software Engineering

Profile image for Gwen Carlson

Gwen Carlson

United States of America

Sr. Director, GDD Communications

Profile image for Tony Carpenter

Tony Carpenter

United States of America

Administrative Assistant

Profile image for Michael Cashin

Michael Cashin

United States of America

Sr. Manager, End User Support

Profile image for Leticia Castillo-Sojo

Leticia Castillo-Sojo

United States of America

Sr. Director, Contractual Compliance

Profile image for Joe Catapano

Joe Catapano

United States of America

Stakeholder Engagement Director - North America & Global Academia

Profile image for Steve Chan

Steve Chan

United States of America

VP, Policy Development Support & GNSO Relations

Profile image for Dennis Chang

Dennis Chang

United States of America

GDD Programs Director

Profile image for Julia Charvolen

Julia Charvolen


Policy Operations Manager (GAC)

Profile image for Carlos Chavoya

Carlos Chavoya

United States of America

Manager, Service Delivery

Profile image for Chhun Chy

Chhun Chy

United States of America

Sr Product Manager 1

Profile image for Steve Conte

Steve Conte

United States of America

Sr Director, IROS Operations

Profile image for Sally Costerton

Sally Costerton

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Sr. Advisor to President & SVP, Global Stakeholder Engagement and Interim President & CEO

Profile image for John Crain

John Crain

United States of America

SVP & Chief Technology Officer

Profile image for Mia Crampton

Mia Crampton

United States of America

Internal Communications Director

Profile image for Melanie Brennan

Melanie Brennan

United States of America

Events Senior Manager

Profile image for Pierre Dandjinou

Pierre Dandjinou


VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Africa

Profile image for Albert Daniels

Albert Daniels

Saint Lucia

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager - Caribbean

Profile image for Alexandra Dans

Alexandra Dans


Communications Director, the Americas

Profile image for Kim Davies

Kim Davies

United States of America

VP, IANA Services & President, PTI

Profile image for Joseph De Jesus

Joseph De Jesus

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Travel Support

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."