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Announcements

Initial Report on Data & Metrics for Policy Making

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

Apply Now to Be the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) Representative, North America Region

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' (ICANN) Nominating Committee (NomCom)...

EXTENDED: Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization

The Public Comment period for the Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting...

Proposal for Armenian Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 22 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability Paris Communiqué

Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability...

ICANN CEO Search Committee Announces CEO Candidate Criteria: Deadline for Application Submission is 20 September 2015

Following the announcement by ICANN CEO Fadi Chehadé, who has been CEO since 2012, that he will...

Call for Community Experts to Review the IDN Implementation Guidelines

1. Introduction

The IDN Implementation Guidelines address the IDN registration policies and...

ICANN to Resume Evaluation of DotConnectAfrica Trust Application for .AFRICA

16 July 2015 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced it...

EXTENDED: Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization

The Public Comment period for the Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting...

Next-Generation gTLD Registration Directory Services to Replace WHOIS Preliminary Issue Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 13 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

Independent Review Panel Finds in Favor of DCA Trust: Makes Recommendation to ICANN's Board to Resume Evaluation of DCA's Application

A three-member panel convened to review DotConnectAfrica Trust's (DCA's) request for Independent...

Fellowship Program Brings Global Voices Together at ICANN | Fellows Announced for ICANN54 in Dublin

Fifty Fellows from 36 countries have been selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship program...

EXTENDED: Proposed Schedule and Process/Operational Improvements for AoC and Organization Reviews

The Public Comment period for the Proposed Schedule and Process/Operational Improvements for AoC...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2016 | Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN EXTENDS TIME TO SUBMIT EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST THROUGH 20 JULY 2015

ICANN is seeking...

GNSO Translation and Transliteration of Contact Information Policy Development Process (PDP) Recommendations for Board Consideration

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 June 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

ICG Announces Upcoming Meetings

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group will meet in Los Angeles from 18-19 September....

FY16 Operating Plan and Budget Adopted by ICANN Board at ICANN 53 in Buenos Aires

ICANN is pleased to announce the adoption of the FY16 Operating Plan and Budget by the Board at...

ICANN53 Buenos Aires GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at ICANN53 has issued its Buenos Aires...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report - Register for the FY15 Q4 Call on 20 August 2015

ICANN has announced its FY15 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 20 August at 14:00...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .GLOBAL, .BNPPARIBAS, .BRIDGESTONE and .FIRESTONE TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 21 June 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Statement from the CCWG-Accountability after Face-to-Face Meeting in Buenos Aires

Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability...

Khmer Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

Second Latin American and Caribbean DNS Forum Will Take Place in Buenos Aires, Argentina

LAC DNS Forum

When: June 19, 2015

Where: Sheraton Hotel Retiro

The second edition of the LAC DNS Forum is a...

ICG – Fifth Face-to-Face Meeting and Working Session at ICANN 53 Buenos Aires

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will be holding its next face-to-face...

Board Approves Singapore Hub Expansion

As part of its globalization strategy, ICANN established an Asia Pacific Hub in Singapore in...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."