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Announcements

ICANN60 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating in the ICANN60 Public...

Join our webinar on Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Draft Report

On Monday, 3 April 2017, join the Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN59 Fellowship

ICANN announces 55 individuals from 43 countries selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship...

Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

Open Date: 22 March 2017 Close Date: 1 May 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO

ICANN58 Copenhagen GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN58 in Copenhagen has issued its Copenhagen...

ICANN Launches Testing Platform for the KSK Rollover

13 March 2017 – ICANN is offering a testing platform for network operators and other...

Call for Public Comment on the Draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced a call for...

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 8 March 2017 Close Date: 28 April 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN

Root Stability Study Final Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 8 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team Draft Report of Recommendations For New gTLDs Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 7 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Enhancing Accountability Guidelines for Good Faith

Open Date: 7 March 2017 Close Date: 24 April 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Implementation Guidelines

Open Date: 3 March 2017 Close Date: 17 April 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Annual IANA Functions, DNSSEC Audits Validate ICANN Systems Controls

LOS ANGELES – 2 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Now Open | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

Inaugural ICANN DNS Symposium to be Held in Madrid

LOS ANGELES – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

León Felipe Sánchez Ambía Selected by At-Large Community as Next ICANN Board Director

On behalf of Tijani Ben Jemaa, Chair of the Board Member Selection Process Committee (BMSPC), we...

Pre-ICANN58 Policy Open House Registration

Pre-ICANN58 Policy Open House
Monday, 6 March 2017
10:00 UTC and 19:00 UTC

Please register via ...

Interim Paper Cross-Community Working Group on Use of Names of Countries and Territories as Top Level Domains

Open Date: 24 February 2017 Close Date: 21 April 2017
Originating Organization: ccNSO/GNSO, Chartering Organizations

Revised Report of the Independent Review of the Trademark Clearinghouse Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 23 February 2017 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Call for Volunteers for the Registration Directory Service (formerly WHOIS) Review Team

DEADLINE EXTENSION – Applications to be appointed to the Registration Directory Service...

Save the Date: Pre-ICANN58 Policy Open House

Monday, 6 March 2017
10:00 UTC and 19:00 UTC

The Policy Development Support Team is pleased to...

Recommendations to Improve ICANN's Transparency

Open Date: 21 February 2017 Close Date: 10 April 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

Selection of the Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS (SSR2) Review Team Members Announced

Today ICANN announced the selection of a 16-member team to conduct the second review on the...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."