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Announcements

Selection of the Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS (SSR2) Review Team Members Announced

Today ICANN announced the selection of a 16-member team to conduct the second review on the...

What to Expect at ICANN58: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

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This webinar is an introduction to ICANN and the Commercial Stakeholder Group....

ICANN Publishes "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" Document

Today, ICANN published "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" document, authoring of...

Join the Webinar on the Draft Report of the Review of the At-Large Community

Join ICANN and independent examiner ITEMS International (ITEMS) for a webinar on the Draft Report...

ICANN Free to Proceed with the Delegation of .AFRICA Following Court Decision

LOS ANGELES – 9 February 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

CCWG-Accountability Work Stream 2 Issues Jurisdiction Questionnaire

The newly-adopted ICANN Bylaws created several Work Stream 2 accountability subgroups. One of...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q2 Call on 15 February 1500 UTC

Registration is still open for ICANN's FY17 Q2 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 15...

Operating Standards for ICANN Reviews: Recent Developments and Next Steps

Join the webinars on Operating Standards for Reviews and help contribute to this important...

Apply Now for Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) Director Positions: Deadline Is 21 March 2017

The ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications...

ICANN Releases Identifier Systems SSR Activities Report

As part of our continuing commitment to transparency and accountability, ICANN's Identifier...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN59 | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

At-Large Draft Report for Public Comment: Announcement

Provide your public comment [PDF, 1.43 MB] on the Draft Report [PDF, 2.3 MB] issued by ITEMS...

Thick WHOIS Registration Data Directory Services Requirements to Take Effect

LOS ANGELES – 1 February 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

At-Large Review: Draft Report

Open Date: 1 February 2017 Close Date: 24 March 2017
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives (MSSI)

Call for Volunteers for the Third Review of ICANN Accountability and Transparency (ATRT3)

Represent the global stakeholder community by participating in ICANN Reviews. Apply today to join...

Reference Japanese Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Second Level

Open Date: 27 January 2017 Close Date: 8 March 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

GNSO Initial Report on the IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Development Process

Open Date: 20 January 2017 Close Date: 1 March 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO

Request for Proposal: NomCom Review

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

NextGen@ICANN Program Opens Application Round for ICANN59

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals who are interested in becoming more...

ICANN and CA Collaborate on an African Law Enforcement Capacity Building Workshop in Kenya

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the Communication Authority...

ICANN Holds the First Capacity Building Workshop for African GAC Members

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in cooperation with the ICANN...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .IKANO, .SAXO, .SCOR, .SANDVIK, .WALTER, .SANDVIKCOROMANT, .VISTA, .VISTAPRINT, .BARCLAYS, .BARCLAYCARD and .HERMES TLDs

Open Date: 12 January 2017 Close Date: 24 February 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."