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Announcements

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .HYUNDAI, .KIA and .GODADDY TLDs

Open Date: 27 April 2016 Close Date: 9 June 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

IANA Functions, DNSSEC Audits: ICANN Systems Have Appropriate Controls

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has completed annual, third-party...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN57

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating at the ICANN57 Meeting...

Draft New ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 21 April 2016 Close Date: 21 May 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q3 call on 27 April 1500 UTC

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q3 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 27 April at 1500 UTC....

Proposal for Khmer Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 15 April 2016 Close Date: 28 May 2016
Originating Organization: IDN Program
...

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD...

ICANN Holds Calls with Community on Public Comments Submitted on the Draft FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

ICANN will be holding community calls during which the comments submitted on the Draft FY17...

ICANN and Verisign Announce Start of 90-day Root Zone Management System "Parallel Testing" Period

As scheduled and previously communicated, on 6 April 2016, ICANN and Verisign began a 90-day...

Fellowship Program Brings Experienced Alumni to ICANN56 Policy Forum

Twenty-five Alumni with previous Fellowship and ICANN Community experience have been selected to...

GDD Summit Announced

ICANN's second Global Domains Division (GDD) Industry Summit will be held 17-19 May 2016 in...

The Internet Academy Lecture Project in Poland Kicks Off

The Internet Academy is offering free lectures on various Internet-related topics for anyone who...

Data Retention Waiver - ONE.COM A/S, Denmark

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
ONE.COM A/S, DENMARK

ONE.COM A/S ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .TORAY and .PICTET TLDs

Open Date: 28 March 2016 Close Date: 10 May 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Call for Volunteers: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) Implementation and Work Stream 2

WHAT IS THE CCWG-ACCOUNTABILITY?

In December 2014, the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing...

Data Retention Waiver - 101Domain GRS Limited

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
101DOMAIN GRS LIMITED

101DOMAIN GRS LIMITED (Formerly - "Emerald Global...

Data Retention Waiver - Emerald Registrar Limited

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
EMERALD REGISTRAR LIMITED

EMERALD REGISTRAR LIMITED ("Registrar") submitted...

Data Retention Waiver - Hosting Concepts B.V. d/b/a Openprovider

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
HOSTING CONCEPTS B.V. d/b/a OPENPROVIDER

Hosting Concepts B.V. d/b/a...

Data Retention Waiver - TransIP B.V.

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
TransIP B.V.

TransIP B.V. ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Call for Volunteers: New GNSO Policy Development Process Working Group to Review All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs

In Brief

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council seeks volunteers for a new...

Draft Report on New gTLD Program Safeguards to Mitigate DNS Abuse Available for Public Comment

ICANN today announced the publication of a draft report on New gTLD Program Safeguards Against...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round Open for ICANN56

With the announcement of ICANN56 relocation to Helsinki, Finland the application round to...

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

Marrakech, Morocco… Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board...

ICANN55 Marrakech GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN55 in Marrakech has issued its Marrakech...

ICANN Announces Availability of DNSSEC Root Zone KSK Recommendations

A design team consisting of seven independent DNS experts along with representatives from ICANN,...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."