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Announcements

Auction for 1 Contention Set Slated for 27 July 2016

An auction will be facilitated by Power Auctions LLC on 27 July 2016 to resolve string contention...

ICANN Publishes Plans for Upcoming Key Signing Key Rollover

ICANN today published plans outlining the operational processes required to change or "roll" the...

Notice of Preliminary Determination To Grant Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request

ICANN has made a preliminary determination that it is prepared to grant data retention waiver...

Proposed Guidelines for the Second String Similarity Review Process

Open Date: 20 July 2016 Close Date: 31 August 2016
Originating Organization: ccNSO
...

ICANN Publishes gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) for Community Feedback

Today, ICANN published the gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) [PDF, 2.37 MB] for community...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .SOFTBANK, .ART and .CARAVAN TLDs

Open Date: 19 July 2016 Close Date: 31 August 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Revised Report on DNS Abuse and New gTLD Program Safeguards Now Available

18 July 2016 - ICANN today announced that the "Revised Report on New gTLD Program Safeguards to...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2019 and 2020

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2019 and 2020 in Europe,...

90-day Root Zone Management System "Parallel Testing" Period Ends Successfully

ICANN and Verisign today announce the successful completion of a 90-day parallel testing period...

Draft PTI Bylaws

Open Date: 12 July 2016 Close Date: 11 August 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

PTI Governance Documents

Open Date: 8 July 2016 Close Date: 7 August 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Public Comment: Proposed Measures for Release of Two-Letter Second-Level Domains in gTLDs

ICANN today announced that it has issued for public comment proposed measures for release of...

Proposed Measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes

Open Date: 8 July 2016 Close Date: 17 August 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Modifications to GNSO Operating Procedures Relating to Motions and to the Chair and Vice-Chair Elections

Open Date: 5 July 2016 Close Date: 14 August 2016
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN Board Adopts Updated Five-Year Operating Plan, and FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

The ICANN Board adopted the updated ICANN Five Year Operating Plan, and the ICANN FY17 Operating...

Draft PTI Articles of Incorporation

Open Date: 1 July 2016 Close Date: 31 July 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Call for Volunteers for the Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS (SSR2) Review Team

DEADLINE – Applications due on 15 August 2016.

As part of its existing Affirmation of...

ICANN56 Helsinki GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN56 in Helsinki has issued its Helsinki...

Public Comment on Proposed Amendment to .COM Registry Agreement

Open Date: 30 June 2016 Close Date: 12 August 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Signs Service Level Agreement with Regional Internet Registries and Finalizes 2016 Supplemental Agreement with Internet Engineering Task Force

Today the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Recognizes Two Members of the Global Internet Community

2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Recognizes Two Members of the Global Internet Community

ICANN is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award. This...

ICANN-commissioned Study Finds Increased Awareness and Trust in Domain Name System

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today published [PDF, 2.88 MB]...

Milestone: Number of At-Large Structures Reaches 200

Celebrating 200 At-Large Structures Milestone

Today, we celebrate an exciting milestone in the history of the At-Large Community – the...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Binero AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
BINERO AB, SWEDEN

BINERO AB, SWEDEN ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

The Georgian Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Root Zone Label...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."