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Announcements

Reminder: Nomination Period Open For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 12 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to remind community members that the nomination period for ICANN's ...

Experienced Technology Leader Named as ICANN President and CEO

Göran Marby, an experienced business executive and government leader, has been named the next...

Pre-ICANN 55 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 19 February 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

GNSO Privacy and Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 5 February 2016 Close Date: 16 March 2016
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

The Korean Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Root Zone Label...

Revised New gTLD Program Implementation Review Report Now Available

ICANN today announced the publication of the revised Program Implementation Review report, a...

Results Available for 27 January 2016 New gTLD Program Auction

On 27 January 2016, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a...

Call for Volunteers: GNSO Policy Development Process (PDP) Working Group on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures

In Brief

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council seeks volunteers to serve on a...

DATA RETENTION WAIVER REALTIME REGISTER B.V

Realtime Register B.V (“Registrar”) submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data Retention...

DATA RETENTION WAIVER ASCIO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. DANMARK – FILIAL AF ASCIO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. USA

ASCIO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. DANMARK – FILIAL AF ASCIO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. USA ("Registrar")...

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds Open for ICANN56

lCANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship Programs to...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the At-Large Community

Extended Deadline: Due 07:59 UTC, 28 January 2016

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

DISCUSSION: Reviewing New gTLD Program Safeguards Against DNS Abuse

ICANN is currently engaged in data collection on DNS abuse and mitigation efforts implemented as...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report - Register for the FY16 Q2 call on 28 January 1500 UTC

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q2 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 28 January at 1500...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System Phase 2 Report

ICANN published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System (ARS) Phase 2 report on 23 December 2015....

Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the At-Large Community

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."