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Announcements

ICANN69 Governmental Advisory Committee Communiqué Now Available

HAMBURG, Germany – 23 October 2020 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the...

ICANN org Responds to the European Data Protection Board’s Public Consultation on the Board’s Guidelines on the Concepts of Controller and Processor

BRUSSELS – 19 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Ramanou Biaou Honored with 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building

LOS ANGELES – 19 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes FY20 Financial Results

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Preliminary Issue Report on a Policy Development Process to Review the Transfer Policy

Open Date: 12 October 2020 Close Date: 30 November 2020
Originating Organization: Generic...

ICANN Board Approves Two-Year Extension of President and CEO’s Term

LOS ANGELES – 9 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

DRAFT PTI and IANA FY22 Operating Plan and Budgets

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Open Date: 08 October 2020 Close Date: 30 November 2020
Originating Organization: Finance

IANA Naming Function Review (IFR) Initial Report

Open Date: 8 October 2020 Close Date: 2 December 2020
Originating Organization: Office of the...

ICANN Root Server Cluster in Singapore Now Live

SINGAPORE – 8 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Recommendations for Early Warning for Root Zone Scaling

Open Date: 05 October 2020 Close Date: 23 November 2020
Originating Organization: Office of...

ICANN 2020 Nominating Committee Announces Leadership Selections

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposed Amendment 1 to the .JOBS Registry Agreement

Open Date: 30 September 2020 Close Date: 16 November 2020
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Call for Community Groups to Nominate NextGen@ICANN Mentors and Selection Committee Members

LOS ANGELES – 28 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

IANA Naming Function Review Team Community Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 21 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Naming...

Naela Sarras Appointed ICANN Vice President of Stakeholder Engagement in North America

Naela Sarras

LOS ANGELES – 17 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN69 Prep Week Schedule Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 15 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN org Responds to Digital Services Act Initiative Public Consultation Launched by European Commission

BRUSSELS – 10 September 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Launches Pandemic Internet Access Reimbursement Program Pilot

LOS ANGELES – 31 August 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Open Date: 24 August 2020 Close Date: 15 October 2020
Originating Organization: Global...

GNSO New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Draft Final Report

Open Date: 20 August 2020 Close Date: 30 September 2020
Originating Organization: GNSO
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PTI and IANA FY22 Budget Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 19 August 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Baher Esmat Appointed Managing Director for the Middle East and Africa (MEA) Regional Office

ISTANBUL – 17 AUGUST 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

In joint effort, ICANN and Transtelco install Managed Root Server Instance in Mexico

MONTEVIDEO – 10 August 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

ICANN75 Annual General Meeting Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 7 August 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest: Standing Panel for ICANN's Independent Review Process

LOS ANGELES - 23 July 2020 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."