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Announcements

Guidelines for Designing Script-Specific Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Root Zone

ICANN is releasing a set of documents that present an overview of the tasks of a Generation Panel...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 2 (MSR-2) for the Development of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone

To support IDN labels in the root zone, the ICANN community, at the direction of the Board,...

ICANN Announces Effective Dates for Additional Whois Information Policy and Whois Advisory

27 April 2015 – ICANN today announced that the effective date of the Additional Whois...

Update on the IANA Stewardship Transition and ICANN Accountability

Date: Tuesday 5th May 2015
Time: 12:00 UTC

AGENDA SUMMARY:

Time Event Speaker
12.00...

2nd Draft Proposal of the Cross Community Working Group to Develop an IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal on Naming Related Functions

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 22 April 2015
Categories/Tags: IANA...

Update to BCG Study - Country Clusters Analysis Now Available

Reducing e-friction – or a country’s obstacles to full participation in the global digital...

WEBINAR: Cross Community Working Group (CWG) On IANA Naming Related Functions: Briefing on 2nd Draft Proposal for Public Comment

NTIA Stewardship Transition

ICG Publishes Update to Process Timeline

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) today announced that it has published an...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to NordNet SA

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
NordNet SA

NordNet SA ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Request for Quotation | Equipment Refresh RFQ

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking one or more...

WSIS Project Prizes 2015 Nomination

Two ICANN projects, the DNS Entrepreneurship Center and Investigating DNS Abuse/Misuse for Public...

ICG Announces Fourteenth and Fifteenth Conference Calls

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) has scheduled its fourteenth and...

ICANN FY14 Form 990 Announcement

ICANN filed its Form 990 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014 with the Internal Revenue...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN 54

About the Fellowship Program:

Since its creation in 2007, the Fellowship Program has built a...

ICANN Successfully Completes Two Independently Conducted Service Organization Control Audits

2 April 2015 – ICANN today announced that it has achieved the Service Organization Control...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .HONDA, .AXA, .EPSON, .HSBC, .XYZ and .COLLEGE TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 31 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Proposed Implementation of GNSO PDP Recommendations on Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP) Part C

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 30 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

CWG-Stewardship Chairs' Statement | Summary of Istanbul Face-to-Face Meeting

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross Community Working Group on Naming Related Functions...

Notice of Preliminary Determination To Grant Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request

ICANN has made a preliminary determination that it is prepared to grant a data retention waiver...

Results Available for 25 March 2015 New gTLD Program Auction

On 25 March 2015, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a...

CCWG-Accountability Co-Chairs Statement | Istanbul, 25 March 2015

Thomas Rickert, León Sánchez, Mathieu Weill

Members and participants of the Cross Community...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Secura GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Secura GmbH

Secura GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

ICANN Announces 2015 Hardware Security Module Replacement Project for the Root Key Signing Key

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced the 2015 Hardware...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2017 and 2018

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2017 and 2018 in Europe,...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in Latin America and North America in 2016

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held 27-30 June 2016 in Latin...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."