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Announcements

ICANN Releases its Final Report on Africa DNS Market Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is pleased to announce the...

Empowered Community Powers Triggered: FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Updates to Five-Year Operating Plan

On 24 June 2017, the ICANN Board adopted ICANN's FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, the FY18 IANA...

GNSO Operating Procedures and ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 19 June 2017 Close Date: 10 August 2017
Originating Organization: Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)

ICANN Holds Its Second African Law Enforcement Capacity Building Workshop in South Africa

Building on the success of the first workshop held in Nairobi, Kenya in January 2017, the...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Session During Johannesburg Workshop

The ICANN Board will be holding a public session during its upcoming workshop in Johannesburg,...

Draft Framework for the Registry Operator to Respond to Security Threats

Open Date: 14 June 2017 Close Date: 31 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

ICANN Announces Global Indigenous Ambassador Program

LOS ANGELES – 14 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes FY18 Operating Plan and Budget Proposed for ICANN Board Adoption

After reviewing the public comments, ICANN published the proposed ICANN FY18 Operating Plan and...

DENIC eG Approved as New gTLD Data Escrow Agent

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that DENIC eG has...

New Report Presents Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 June 2017 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting...

ICANN Launches Gender Diversity and Participation Survey

LOS ANGELES – 12 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Analysis Group to Conduct Independent Review of the Nominating Committee

7 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has appointed...

Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Version 2 (RZ-LGR-2)

Open Date: 6 June 2017 Close Date: 24 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Six Scripts Integrated into the Second Version of Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR-2)

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today opened public comment on...

Request for Proposal: RSSAC Organizational Review

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is seeking a provider to conduct...

ICANN Provides Update on Review of the Community Priority Evaluation Process

LOS ANGELES – 2 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Staff Report of Public Comments Published - ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget

On 2 June 2017, ICANN published the Staff Report of Public Comments on ICANN's Draft FY18...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2018 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN is seeking expressions of interest for leadership roles in the 2018 Nominating Committee...

Selection of the Registration Directory Service (RDS/WHOIS2-RT) Review Team Members Announced

TodayICANNannounced the selection of a 14-member team to conduct the Registration Directory...

ICANN Issues 60-Day Notice to the Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 1 June 2017 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Empowered Community Power Triggered: Approval of Amendments to ICANN's Fundamental Bylaws

26 May 2017 – On 23 May 2017, the ICANN organization sent a notice [PDF, 238 KB] to the...

ICANN Launches New Empowered Community Webpages

25 May 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

Issues Report - ccNSO PDP Retirement and Review Mechanism

Open Date: 24 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Country code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)

ICANN Hires First Consumer Safeguards Director

LOS ANGELES – 23 May 2017 – ICANN announced today that Bryan Schilling will be...

Pre-ICANN59 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 13 June 2017.
You will receive remote participation details the week...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."