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Announcements

Proposed Renewal of .PRO Unsponsored Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

Proposed Renewal of .CAT Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

Catching Up with Fellowship Alumni: Highlights from the Fellowship Survey Report

ICANN 51 Fellows Group Photo

The ICANN Fellowship program, now hosted by the Development and Public Responsibility Department...

Announcement: New gTLD Applicant and GDD Portals Update

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today provided an update on its...

Africa Internet Summit '15 | Tunis, Tunisia | 24 May - 5th June, 2015

ICANN is proud to be part of the third edition of the Africa Internet Summit 2015 in Tunis,...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .KOMATSU and RICOH TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 26 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Community Using Neo-Brahmi Scripts Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

ICG Announces Upcoming Conference Calls

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) has scheduled its seventeenth,...

Call for RSVPs | GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session | 4 June 2015 at 20:00 UTC

Please RSVP via this form. Remote participation details will be sent the week of 1 June 2015.

The...

Pre-ICANN 53 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 5 June 2015.
Remote participation details will be sent the week of 8...

Chehadé Announces Intention to End His Tenure as ICANN President & CEO in March 2016

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that President...

What to Expect at ICANN 53: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

When: Monday, 1 June 2015
15:00-016:00 UTC

Where: Adobe Connect

Topics:

  • The upcoming ICANN 53...

Call for RSVPs | Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Working Group Webinar | 28 May 2015 at 14:00 UTC

Please RSVP to nathalie.peregrine@icann.org. Remote participation details will be sent the week...

Proposed Schedule and Process/Operational Improvements for AoC and Organizational Reviews

Forum Announcement: 15 May 2015 Date: 15 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvements;...

2013 RAA Whois Accuracy Program Specification Review

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 14 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .SONY, .ARCHI, .BIO and .SAARLAND TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 13 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

ICG Announces Sixteenth Conference Call and Publishes a Statement

ICG Call #16

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) has scheduled its sixteenth...

Proposed Renewal of .TRAVEL Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 12 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

gTLD Registries Stakeholder Group (RySG) Charter Amendments

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 8 May 2015
Categories/Tags: ...

ICANN Holds Calls with Community on Public Comments Submitted on the Draft FY16 Operating Plan and Budget

ICANN will be holding community calls during which the comments submitted on the Draft FY16...

GNSO Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Working Group Initial Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 5 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) - Input Needed on its Proposed Accountability Enhancements (Work Stream 1)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 4 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

WEBINAR: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability): Presentation on the Draft Report for Public Comment

The Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability was established to initiate a...

IDN ccTLD Request from Greece Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of the proposed IDN ccTLD string for...

ICG Announces Update Regarding Community Comments and the ICG Forum

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) today announced that it has published...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."