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Announcements

Application for New Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) Dispute-Resolution Service Provider

Open Date: 16 November 2018 Close Date: 4 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN65 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 14 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Policy Status Report: Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP)

Open Date: 14 November 2018 Close Date: 24 December 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 13 November 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN64 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 12 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Successful Candidates Selected for NextGen@ICANN64

LOS ANGELES – 9 November 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 8 November 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Public Comment Period Extended: Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Draft Report of Recommendations

LOS ANGELES – 6 November 2018 – The deadline to submit comments on the Draft Report [PDF, 1.97...

Registration Now Open for 2018 LAC DNS Forum

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 6 November 2018 – Registration is now open for the 2018 LAC DNS Forum to...

Annual Publication of Financial Information

LOS ANGELES – 5 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Supplemental Initial Report on the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (Overarching Issues & Work Tracks 1-4)

Open Date: 30 October 2018 Close Date: 12 December 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

ICANN63 Barcelona GAC Communiqué

BARCELONA – 25 October 2018 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at...

ICANN Recognizes Community Leaders

BARCELONA, Spain – 25 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Releases its Final Africa Strategic Plan

ISTANBUL – 20 October 2018 – ICANN's Africa Strategy is the cornerstone of all engagement...

Request for Proposal: EBERO Services

LOS ANGELES – 17 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for SOs/ACs to Nominate Fellowship Program Mentors

LOS ANGELES – 16 October 2018 – ICANN's Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees...

Registration Open for ICANN Academy 2019 Chairing Skills Program

LOS ANGELES – 16 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Second Security and Stability Advisory Committee Review (SSAC2): Draft Final Report Released for Public Comment and Webinar

Open Date: 15 October 2018 Close Date: 3 December 2018
Originating Organization: ...

The Hebrew Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

First Root KSK Rollover Successfully Completed

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Participate in Strategic Planning, Operating Standards, and Reviews at ICANN63

LOS ANGELES – 11 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice Review Team (CCT) Final Report Now Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 10 October 2018 - The Final Report and Recommendations [PDF, 4.89 MB] of the...

Request for Proposal: ICANN Meetings Shipping and Logistics

LOS ANGELES – 9 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

Open Date: 8 October 2018 Close Date: 27 November 2018
Originating Organization: New gTLD...

Proposal for Sinhala Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 October 2018 Close Date: 14 November 2018
Originating Organization: Global...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."