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Announcements

Fellowship and NextGen Application Rounds Open for ICANN55

ICANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen and Fellowship Programs to participate...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BROTHER, .GEA, .ACO, .SECURITY, .PROTECTION, .THEATRE and .RENT TLDs

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 1 September 2015
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Meet The NextGen@ICANN54 Dublin Members

ICANN's Development and Public Responsibility Department (DPRD) is pleased to announce the newest...

Preliminary Issue Report on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 31 August 2015
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Proposal for Arabic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 24 August 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Syntax Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs Presented in Accuracy Reporting System Phase I Report

24 August 2015 – ICANN today published the Phase 1 report of the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY15 Q4 call on 20 August 2015

ICANN has announced its FY15 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 20 August at 14:00...

WEBINAR: Briefing on 2nd Draft CCWG-Accountability Proposal

The CCWG-Accountability published its 2nd Draft Proposal on Work Stream 1 Recommendations for...

ICANN Statement Regarding IANA Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)

ICANN supports the IANA Stewardship Transition Group (ICG) proposal and the underlying proposals...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System Phase I Report

ICANN plans to publish the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System Phase I report in the coming weeks....

ICANN AND ECLAC TO BUILD A COOPERATIVE RELATIONSHIP AND WORK ON SEVERAL AREAS OF INTERNET-RELATED ISSUES

Mexico City, Mexico.
August 2015.

During a bilateral meeting held in Mexico City within the...

ICANN Posts Amended Description of 2013 RAA Data Retention Specification Data Elements and Purposes for Collection/Retention

ICANN posted on 23 March 2014 for public comment a document seeking to clarify what is meant by...

Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the Trademark Clearinghouse

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”) is seeking one or...

Design Team Review of Plan for DNS Root Zone KSK Change

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 6 August 2015
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Reset ICANN.org Website Login Password

ICANN has reason to believe that within the last week, usernames/email addresses and encrypted...

IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) to Host Webinars in Conjunction with Call for Public Comment

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold two webinars regarding the...

Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability 2nd Draft Report (Work Stream 1)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 3 August 2015
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Proposed ICANN Bylaws Amendments—GNSO Policy & Implementation Recommendations

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 31 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

US Circuit Court Upholds ICANN's Defense of the New gTLD Program

Los Angeles, California... The United States' Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has affirmed the...

ICG Seeking Public Input on Key Internet Governance Proposal

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) today released for public comment the...

Removal of Searchable Whois Service from .SHARP Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 30 July 2015
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  • Contracted...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY15 Q4 call on 20 August 2015

ICANN has announced its FY15 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 20 August 2015 at...

WEBINAR: Briefing on 2nd Draft CCWG-Accountability Proposal

The CCWG-Accountability will be publishing its 2nd draft for 40-day public comment on 3 August...

Initial Report on Data & Metrics for Policy Making

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

Apply Now to Be the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) Representative, North America Region

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' (ICANN) Nominating Committee (NomCom)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."