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Announcements

Attention Adobe Connect Users: Service Change (Action Required)

Adobe Connect, ICANN's remote participation tool, is moving over to an ICANN-hosted server. The...

Help Improve ICANN, Take the At-Large Review Survey!

The Independent Examiner ITEMS is seeking broad community input to measure community perception...

ICANN58 NextGen@ICANN Application Round Now Open

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals interested in becoming engaged in their...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q1 Call on 18 October 0300 UTC / 1100 SGT / 17 October 2000 PST

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q1 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 18 October at 0300 UTC...

Latin American and Caribbean DNS Marketplace Study

Open Date: September 22, 2016 Close Date: November 1, 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Apply Now! Training Course on DNS Industry – Business, Marketing, Operations and Legal Aspects

This first training course of the new Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet will give an overview...

Inauguration of the Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet in Paraguay | Center Calls for Applicants for the First Training Course

The Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet is an open initiative from Paraguay’s National...

Call for Participation - Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process (PDP) Implementation Review Team (IRT)

On 9 August 2016, the ICANN Board of Directors adopted the recommendations of the Privacy &...

Global Registrant Survey Final Phase Results Available

LOS ANGELES - 15 September 2016 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Proposal for Georgian Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 15 September 2016 Close Date: 28 October 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

Call for Volunteers: Forming NomCom2 Review Working Party

The 2016 Nominating Committee invites volunteers to join the NomCom2 Review Working Party....

ICANN Board Brussels Workshop: Open Community Sessions

The next ICANN Board Workshop will be taking place in Brussels, Belgium, from 14-17 September...

ICANN58 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for participants interested in the ICANN58 Public Meeting...

WEBINAR: ICANN57 Hyderabad

ICANN will be conducting a webinar on 7 September 2016 at 15:00 UTC about the upcoming ICANN57...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Selections

The ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee is pleased to announce its selections for seven leadership...

ICANN and LACTLD Deepen Cooperation and Promote Greater Regional Involvement in Internet Policy Development

ICANN and LACTLD Group Photo 1

Photo (from left to right): Daniel Fink (ICANN), Albert Daniels (ICANN), Alex Dans (ICANN),...

ICANN Hires Top Security Expert

Mark Jardina, an expert in global security and health and safety, has joined the Internet...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN57

15 individuals from various Universities in the Asian Pacific Region have been selected to...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q4 Call on 18 August‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 18 August at 1500 UTC....

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD...

ICANN Submits Implementation Planning Status Report to NTIA

ICANN today submitted an implementation planning status report [PDF, 339 KB] to the National...

Application Now Closed for the Second Security, Stability and Resiliency (SSR-2) Review Team

Today, ICANN announced an extension of the application deadline for participation in the...

ICANN Announces the Formation of Two Committees Required for IANA Stewardship Transition

ICANN today announced the formation of the Customer Standing Committee (CSC) and the Root Zone...

ICANN Announces Incorporation of Public Technical Identifiers (PTI)

ICANN today announced that the incorporation documents for the "Post-Transition IANA"...

Call for Public Comment on IANA IPR Agreements

Today, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Trust, the operational communities, and ICANN...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."