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Announcements

ICANN Releases Findings of ICANN57 Survey and Attendance Data

Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN57 participant survey, and the technical,...

Call for Volunteers for the Registration Directory Service (formerly WHOIS) Review Team

DEADLINE Extension – Applications to be appointed to the Registration Directory Service...

Successful Candidates Selected for NextGen@ICANN58

Today, ICANN announced the names of fifteen individuals selected to participate at ICANN58 in...

At-Large Community Announces Candidates for ICANN Board of Directors

Today, ICANN Staff announced, on behalf of the Board Candidate Evaluation Committee (BCEC) and in...

Identifier Technology Health Indicators: Definition

Open Date: 29 November 2016 Close Date: 9 January 2017
Originating Organization: Office of...

Updated Supplementary Procedures for Independent Review Process (IRP)

Open Date: 28 November 2016 Close Date: 10 January 2017
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN57 Hyderabad GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN57 in Hyderabad has issued its Hyderabad...

Proposed ICANN Community Anti-Harassment Policy

Open Date: 7 November 2016 Close Date: 12 January 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Board...

ICANN FY16 Annual Report of Expense Reimbursement and Other Payments to ICANN Directors for the Period 1 July 2015 Through 30 June 2016

As part of its accountability and transparency processes, ICANN publishes a report in accordance...

Call for Volunteers for the Registration Directory Service (formerly WHOIS) Review Team

DEADLINE – Applications to be appointed to the Registration Directory Service (RDS) Review Team...

Call for Public Comment on the Middle East and Adjoining Countries’ (MEAC) 2016-2019 Strategy

Today, ICANN’s Middle East and Adjoining Countries Strategy Working Group (MEAC-SWG)...

Provide Input to the CCT Review Team at ICANN57

The Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice Review team (CCT-RT) is at a critical stage...

Root Stability Study Draft Report Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 27 October 2016 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Updated PDT Specifications: WHOIS Test Updates

LOS ANGELES - 26 October 2016 - ICANN has published updated resources for Pre-Delegation Testing...

ICANN Audited Financial Statements for FY16 Have Been Published

In support of its continued commitment to accountability and transparency, ICANN today published...

Plan for Thin to Thick Whois Transition Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 26 October 2016 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN and CCK Collaborate on a Youth Education Initiative in Tunisia

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Centre de Calcul...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to World4You Internet Services GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
WORLD4YOU INTERNET SERVICE GMBH, AUSTRIA

World4You Internet Service GmbH ("...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to LEDL.NET GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
LEDL.NET GmbH, AUSTRIA

LEDL.NET GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to DomainInfo AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Domaininfo AB

Domaininfo AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Nordreg AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
NORDREG AB

Nordreg AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Draft PTI FY18 Operating Plan and Budget

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Proposal for Lao Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: Global...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."