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Announcements

GNSO Translation and Transliteration of Contact Information Policy Development Process (PDP) Recommendations for Board Consideration

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 June 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

ICG Announces Upcoming Meetings

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group will meet in Los Angeles from 18-19 September....

FY16 Operating Plan and Budget Adopted by ICANN Board at ICANN 53 in Buenos Aires

ICANN is pleased to announce the adoption of the FY16 Operating Plan and Budget by the Board at...

ICANN53 Buenos Aires GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at ICANN53 has issued its Buenos Aires...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report - Register for the FY15 Q4 Call on 20 August 2015

ICANN has announced its FY15 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 20 August at 14:00...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .GLOBAL, .BNPPARIBAS, .BRIDGESTONE and .FIRESTONE TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 21 June 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Statement from the CCWG-Accountability after Face-to-Face Meeting in Buenos Aires

Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability...

Khmer Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

Second Latin American and Caribbean DNS Forum Will Take Place in Buenos Aires, Argentina

LAC DNS Forum

When: June 19, 2015

Where: Sheraton Hotel Retiro

The second edition of the LAC DNS Forum is a...

ICG – Fifth Face-to-Face Meeting and Working Session at ICANN 53 Buenos Aires

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will be holding its next face-to-face...

Board Approves Singapore Hub Expansion

As part of its globalization strategy, ICANN established an Asia Pacific Hub in Singapore in...

The Third Africa DNS Forum to Take Place in Nairobi, Kenya

When: 6-8 July 2015

Where: Sarova Panafric Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

This is the third Africa DNS...

Request for Proposal for Reference LGRs for the Second Level

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking provider(s) to...

Root Stability Study RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”) is seeking one or...

Advisory Concerning Registrar Obligations to Provide Data to ICANN Pursuant to Section 3.4.3 of the 2013 RAA

Section 3.4.3 of the 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement (the "2013 RAA") requires...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2016 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN is seeking expressions of interest for leadership roles in the 2016 Nominating Committee...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to COREHUB S.R.L.

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
COREHUB S.R.L.

COREHUB S.R.L. ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Announces New Members Of The Public Interest Commitment Dispute Resolution Procedure (PICDRP) Standing Panel

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has selected and entered into...

WEBINAR: Briefing on Final CWG-Stewardship Proposal

Following Public Comment periods in December 2014 and April/May 2015, the Cross Community Working...

Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 1 June 2015
Categories/Tags: ...

ICANN Announces Phase One Results from Multiyear Consumer Study on the Domain Name Landscape

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today published the findings from...

Proposed Renewal of .PRO Unsponsored Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

Proposed Renewal of .CAT Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

Catching Up with Fellowship Alumni: Highlights from the Fellowship Survey Report

ICANN 51 Fellows Group Photo

The ICANN Fellowship program, now hosted by the Development and Public Responsibility Department...

Announcement: New gTLD Applicant and GDD Portals Update

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today provided an update on its...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."