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Announcements

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Selections

The ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee is pleased to announce its selections for seven leadership...

ICANN and LACTLD Deepen Cooperation and Promote Greater Regional Involvement in Internet Policy Development

ICANN and LACTLD Group Photo 1

Photo (from left to right): Daniel Fink (ICANN), Albert Daniels (ICANN), Alex Dans (ICANN),...

ICANN Hires Top Security Expert

Mark Jardina, an expert in global security and health and safety, has joined the Internet...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN57

15 individuals from various Universities in the Asian Pacific Region have been selected to...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q4 Call on 18 August‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 18 August at 1500 UTC....

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD...

ICANN Submits Implementation Planning Status Report to NTIA

ICANN today submitted an implementation planning status report [PDF, 339 KB] to the National...

Application Extended for the Second Security, Stability and Resiliency (SSR-2) Review Team

Today, ICANN announced an extension of the application deadline for participation in the...

ICANN Announces the Formation of Two Committees Required for IANA Stewardship Transition

ICANN today announced the formation of the Customer Standing Committee (CSC) and the Root Zone...

ICANN Announces Incorporation of Public Technical Identifiers (PTI)

ICANN today announced that the incorporation documents for the "Post-Transition IANA"...

Call for Public Comment on IANA IPR Agreements

Today, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Trust, the operational communities, and ICANN...

IANA Naming Function Agreement

Open Date: 10 August 2016 Close Date: 9 September 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q4 Call on 18 August‬‬

ICANN has announced the date and time of its FY16 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on...

Proposed Renewal of .TEL Registry Agreement

Open Date: 4 August 2016 Close Date: 13 September 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

Request for Proposal Announcement - DNS Abuse Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' ("ICANN") New Generic Top-Level Domain...

Third LAC DNS Forum to Take Place in the Dominican Republic

Event: Latin American and Caribbean Domain Name System Forum (LAC DNS Forum)

When: 24–25...

Results Available for 27 July 2016 New gTLD Program Auction

On 27 July 2016, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a New...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN57 Fellowship

51 fellows from 35 countries have been selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship program at...

Call for Volunteers: GNSO Review Working Group

In Brief

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council adopted the Charter [PDF, 565...

New Registration Data Directory Services Requirements for gTLD Registries, Registrars to Take Effect in February 2017

ICANN today announced that gTLD contracted parties must update their Registration Data Directory...

Draft Report of the Independent Review of the Trademark Clearinghouse Available for Public Comment

25 July 2016 – ICANN today announced the publication of the Draft Report of the Independent...

Auction for 1 Contention Set Slated for 27 July 2016

An auction will be facilitated by Power Auctions LLC on 27 July 2016 to resolve string contention...

ICANN Publishes Plans for Upcoming Key Signing Key Rollover

ICANN today published plans outlining the operational processes required to change or "roll" the...

Notice of Preliminary Determination To Grant Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request

ICANN has made a preliminary determination that it is prepared to grant data retention waiver...

Proposed Guidelines for the Second String Similarity Review Process

Open Date: 20 July 2016 Close Date: 31 August 2016
Originating Organization: ccNSO
...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."