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Announcements

ICANN Launches New Empowered Community Webpages

25 May 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

Issues Report - ccNSO PDP Retirement and Review Mechanism

Open Date: 24 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Country code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)

ICANN Hires First Consumer Safeguards Director

LOS ANGELES – 23 May 2017 – ICANN announced today that Bryan Schilling will be...

Pre-ICANN59 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 13 June 2017.
You will receive remote participation details the week...

ICANN Registration System Email Validation

As part of an ongoing process to improve the security of our web applications, the ICANN...

ICANN Supports the Africa Internet Summit as Part of Its Regional Outreach Efforts

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is sponsoring and participating...

Call for Volunteers as Trusted Community Representatives

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is seeking interested individuals...

Proposed Implementation of GNSO Consensus Policy Recommendations for the Protection of IGO&INGO Identifiers in All gTLDs

Open Date: 17 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

ICANN FY16 Form 990 Announcement

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) continues to provide...

NextGen@ICANN Program Opens Application Round for ICANN60

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals who are interested in becoming more...

The Latin Script Community Forms the Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop root zone Label...

ICANN59 Community Webinar

ICANN 59 | Policy Forum | Johannesburg: 26-29 June 2017 | Join the ICANN59 webinar on Tuesday, 16 May 2017, at 1600 UTC

ICANN59 in Johannesburg, South Africa, will be ICANN's second ever Policy Forum. This four-day...

LAC DNS Marketplace Study – Now Available in Spanish and Portuguese!

MONTEVIDEO – 11 May 2017 –We are happy to announce that the Latin American and...

The Fourth Middle East Domain Name System (DNS) Forum to Take Place in Cairo, Egypt

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), in partnership with the Internet...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS TLDs

Open Date: 8 May 2017 Close Date: 20 June 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Draft Framework of Interpretation for Human Rights

Open Date: 5 May 2017 Close Date: 16 June 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

The ICANN History Project Goes Live

LOS ANGELES – 4 May 2017 – ICANN is pleased to announce the launch of the ICANN...

Independent Examiner Issues Final Report on Review of the At-Large Organization

After extensive consultation with the At-Large and the broader ICANN community, including a...

Revised ICANN Procedure for Handling Whois Conflicts with Privacy Law: Assessment and Next Steps Now Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 3 May 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Date Change for ICANN62 in June 2018 to be held in Panama

The ICANN Board has approved Panama as the location in Latin America to host ICANN's 62ndpublic...

ICANN Board to Hold Two Open Sessions During Geneva Workshop

The ICANN Board of Directors will hold two open sessions during its upcoming workshop in Geneva,...

Reminder: ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q3 Call on 27 April 1500 UTC‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q3 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 27 April 1500 UTC. The...

ICANN Publishes ICANN58 By the Numbers Report

Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN58 By the Numbers report that details the...

Public Comment Close Date Extension: GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

At the request of the ICANN community, the public comment period for the GNSO Community Comment 2...

ICANN Holds First Capacity Development Workshop for Pacific GAC Members

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in cooperation with the ICANN...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."