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ICANN History Project

ICANN is a global organization like few others, with a history just as rare. Its mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. Its bottom-up structure defines its departure from a more conventional organization and has helped ICANN become an important player in the Internet ecosystem.


About the ICANN History Project

The ICANN History Project explores the key events in ICANN’s growth, from its birth to its current day status. This project seeks to preserve the organization’s institutional memory by capturing stories from key figures who helped shape ICANN’s past and present. On the History Project pages you will find documents, pictures and videos that helped frame ICANN’s history, and an interactive timeline presenting the chronology of significant events.

The video and audio interviews that are posted are largely unedited. Furthermore, ICANN is not presenting a final narrative, to avoid taking a perspective or angle on the posted materials, so that you can draw your own conclusions.

Because the history of ICANN is multifaceted, composed of many different threads and narratives, this project is presented through tracks or themes. The first one we explore is ICANN’s historical relationship with the U.S. Government. As the History Project matures, more tracks will be added. This is very much a “living” project that will constantly be evolving and expanding.

Share your ICANN memories with us! If you were you part of one of the subjects explored in ICANN’s History Project, send us a link to your blog, video or pictures via Twitter using #ICANNHistory. For questions about ICANN’s History Project, please contact us at history@icann.org.

Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial 
Authors, documentarians, historians and others who might want to use or repurpose the interviews and materials may do so pursuant to a Creative Commons License under which the materials are being published.

 

ICANN's Relationship with the U.S. Government

The first track of the ICANN History Project is integral to the ICANN’s formation, specifically the relationship between the U.S. Government and ICANN. ICANN grew out of a 1998 commitment from the U.S. Government to transfer the management of the domain name system to a new non-profit corporation based in the U.S. with global participation. 

This track, however, begins long before ICANN was established and continues to the present day. Check out the timeline, interviews, and resources to learn more about the U.S. Government’s role in the establishment and development of ICANN, to explore the evolution of their relationship, and to discover the steps leading up to the IANA Stewardship Transition.

Timeline: ICANN’s Historical Relationship with the U.S. Government

Interviews

Ira Magaziner | Vint Cerf | Becky Burr | Fadi Chehadé | Dr. Stephen Crocker | Peter Dengate-Thrush | Paul Twomey | Lawrence Strickling

Ira Magaziner on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

07 March 2017

Interview with Ira Magaziner, Senior Policy Advisor and Chief Internet Policy Advisor to President Clinton (1993-1998)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

Vint Cerf on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

09 February 2017

Interview with Vint Cerf, also known as one of the Fathers of the Internet, ICANN Board Chair (2000-2007)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

 

Becky Burr on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

12 March 2017

Interview with Becky Burr, ICANN Board (2016-present), Associate Administrator and Director of International Affairs at the U.S. National Telecommunications and Information Administration (1997-2000)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

Fadi Chehadé on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

22 February 2017

Interview with Fadi Chehadé, ICANN CEO (2012-2016)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

 

Dr. Stephen Crocker on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

12 March 2017

Interview with Dr. Stephen Crocker, ICANN Board Chair (2011-2017),  Chair of ICANN’s Security and Stability Advisory Committee (2002-2010)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

Peter Dengate-Thrush on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

09 February 2017

Interview with Peter Dengate-Thrush, ICANN Board Chair (2007-2011)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

Paul Twomey on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

07 March 2017

Interview with Paul Twomey, ICANN CEO (2003-2009), Chair of ICANN's Governmental Advisory Committee (1999-2002), Australian Government Special Adviser for Information Economy and Technology (1998-2000)

 

Audio Recording: EN    

Lawrence Strickling on ICANN's historical relationship with the U.S. Government

09 February 2017

Lawrence Strickling, U.S. Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information (2009-2017)

 

Audio Recording: EN     

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."