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Announcements

ICANN Hires Top Security Expert

Mark Jardina, an expert in global security and health and safety, has joined the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) as Vice President of Security Operations. "Safety and security of the ICANN stakeholders, Board and the...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN57

15 individuals from various Universities in the Asian Pacific Region have been selected to participate with ICANN Community Members at the ICANN57 Meeting in Hyderabad India, 3-9 November 2016. These individuals are engaged in studies that...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q4 Call on 18 August‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q4 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 18 August at 1500 UTC. The call will focus on how ICANN has implemented community policy for the Quarter ending 30 June 2016. Please click here to register for the call...

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD strings for India. Details of the successful evaluation are provided here:...

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Multimedia

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Interview with Director of Community Development at DotAsia, David Ng

David Ng shares about the importance of youth engagement in this video.

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Linda Chin, Director of Operations, Asia Pacific discusses the growth of the ICANN APAC hub

Linda Chin discusses how the ICANN APAC hub has advanced in organizational, technical and operational excellence in this video.

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Cheryl Langdon-Orr on the history of the ALAC

Cheryl Langdon-Orr, Former Chair of the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC), joins Ariel Liang, ICANN Policy Analyst, to talk about the history and founding of the ALAC.

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Jelena Ožegović and Ayden Férdeline talk about ICANN’s NextGen Program

Two former NextGen@ICANN participants, Jelena Ožegović and Ayden Férdeline, join ICANN Global Media Coordinator, James Cole, to talk about what they learned from the program.

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Blog Posts

ICANN57 Hyderabad: What You Need to Know (Part 2)

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."