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Announcements

2021 Nominating Committee (NomCom) Extends Deadline to 29 March

LOS ANGELES – 23 February 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) 2021 Nominating Committee (NomCom) announced today that it has extended the deadline for ICANN leadership applications to 29 March 2021, 23:59...

ICANN70 Prep Week Schedule Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 22 February 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced the ICANN70 Prep Week schedule to help the community prepare for the upcoming ICANN70 Virtual Community Forum, which will be held 22...

ICANN Publishes FY21 Q2 Unaudited Financial Results

LOS ANGELES – 15 February 2021 – On 10 February 2021, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published its unaudited financial results through the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. The ICANN financials are available...

IANA Naming Function Review: Recommendation for an IANA Naming Function Contract Amendment

Open Date: 10 February 2021 Close Date: 22 March 2021 Originating Organization: ICANN organization, Office of the Chief Technology Officer (OCTO) Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvements Brief...

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Multimedia

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Maarten Botterman and León Sánchez on the ICANN Board’s Priorities

ICANN Board Chair Maarten Botterman and Vice Chair León Sánchez discuss the Board’s key operational priorities, and how they are managed.

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Happy Holidays from the ICANN Board

As we take a moment to reflect on this past year, we can be proud of the work we accomplished and the goals we met. We are confident that ICANN is starting 2021 not only equipped with the tools for...

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(English Subtitles) 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award For Capacity Building

ICANN's Alexandra Dans interviews the first recipient of the 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building, Ramanou Biaou.

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(French) 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award For Capacity Building

ICANN's Alexandra Dans interviews the first recipient of the 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building, Ramanou Biaou.

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Blog Posts

Chair’s Blog: Recap of the January Remote Board Workshop

DAAR Activity Project: Now Providing Personalized Monthly Reports for ccTLDs

Chair’s Blog: The Year Ahead and a Preview of the January Workshop

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."