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Announcements

Operating Standards for ICANN's Specific Reviews

Open Date: 17 October 2017 Close Date: 15 January 2018 Originating Organization: Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives Categories/Tags: Operating Standards, Specific Reviews Brief...

Proposal for Cyrillic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 17 October 2017 Close Date: 6 December 2017 Originating Organization: Global Domains Division Categories/Tags: Top-Level Domains Brief Overview: The Cyrillic script community has...

WHOIS 2016 Annual Report Shows Implementation of the 2012 WHOIS Review Team's Recommendations Completed

Today, ICANN published the 2016 Annual Report [PDF, 1.0 MB]. The Report shows that implementation of all 16 recommendations from the 2012 WHOIS Review Team has been completed. A second Registration Directory Services (RDS) Review Team has been...

Deadline Extended for the NomCom2 Review Survey

LOS ANGELES – 12 October 2017 – The deadline for community input has been extended until Monday 6 November 23:59 UTC. The Analysis Group, the independent examiner conducting the second review of the ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom2), announced...

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Multimedia

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Aperçu vidéo | Amadeu Abril i Abril, membre du Conseil d’administration de l’ICANN (1999-2003)

Les anciens membres du Conseil d’administration se réunissent avec les administrateurs actuels de l’ICANN lors de l’ICANN59 pour discuter des débuts de l’ICANN. Voir l’intégralité de la vidéo ici:...

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预览 | ICANN 前任董事会成员(1999-2003 年)阿马德乌•阿布里尔•艾•阿布里尔 (AMADEU ABRIL I ABRIL) 谈论 ICANN 的早年岁月

ICANN 现任和前任董事会成员在 ICANN59 会议期间开会讨论 ICANN 的早年岁月。如需观看完整视频请点击此处 : https://youtu.be/v9c2Ha9jRoQ

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Blog Posts

Hero1 gdd abd skyline 752x425 18oct17 en

The Global Domains Division at ICANN60 in Abu Dhabi: What to Expect

Enhancing Transparency in Contractual Compliance Reporting

Hero1 accelerating digital economy 2000x1332 16oct17 en

The Digital Economy: The New Oil of the Middle East

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."