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Announcements

Notice of Preliminary Determination To Grant Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request

ICANN has made a preliminary determination that it is prepared to grant a data retention waiver request submitted by Registrar COREHUB S.R.L. ("COREHUB") under the 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement (the "2013 RAA"). Section 2 of the Data...

Results Available for 25 March 2015 New gTLD Program Auction

On 25 March 2015, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a New gTLD Program Auction to resolve string contention for two new generic top-level domain (gTLD) strings: .PING and .SRL. Applicants for each string...

CCWG-Accountability Co-Chairs Statement | Istanbul, 25 March 2015

Thomas Rickert, León Sánchez, Mathieu Weill Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) met in Istanbul, Turkey, on 23-24 March 2015. The meeting was attended in-person by...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Secura GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER Secura GmbH Secura GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request ("Waiver Request") pursuant to Section 3 of the Data Retention Specification of the 2013 RAA, which provides that if a...

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Multimedia

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ICANN 52 | Closing Interview - Blooper Reel

Blooper reel of the ICANN 52 closing interview.

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ICANN 52 Closing Interview

Brad White interviews Fadi Chehadé and Steve Crocker at the close of ICANN's 52nd public meeting in Singapore.

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ICANN 52 Closing Interview

Brad White interviews Fadi Chehadé and Steve Crocker at the close of ICANN's 52nd public meeting in Singapore.

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ICANN 52 Press Conference

President and CEO Fadi Chehadé, Board Chair Dr. Steve Crocker and President of the Global Domains Division Akram Atallah answer journalists questions during the ICANN52 press conference.

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Blog Posts

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Two Years Later: The Domain Industry in the Middle East

Vol. 2: Update on IANA Stewardship Discussions

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."