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Announcements

Webinar: Proposed Updates to Draft Operating Standards

LOS ANGELES – 19 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) invites the community to attend one of two webinars. The purpose of these webinars is to highlight proposed updates to the draft Operating Standards...

German Appellate Court Rules on ICANN Request to Preserve WHOIS Data

LOS ANGELES – 17 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced a German High Court has ruled against ICANN's plea to reconsider the Court's own decision. ICANN has been pursuing a preliminary...

ICANN 2018 Nominating Committee Announces Updated Selections

LOS ANGELES – 16 September 2018 – The ICANN 2018 Nominating Committee announces that Danko Jevtovic will begin a three-year term with the ICANN Board of Directors at the conclusion of ICANN63 in Barcelona, Spain. This is an update to the ICANN...

Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar Scheduled for 26 September 2018

LOS ANGELES – 13 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that it will hold a webinar on 26 September 2018 from 15:00 to 16:00 UTC to provide an update on recent ICANN data protection/privacy...

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An Introduction to the Business Constituency (BC)

ICANN's Mary Wong, Policy Senior Director, interviews Steve Del Bianco, BC Member, and Claudia Selli, BC Member. They provide an introduction to the Business Constituency.

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Rod Rasmussen Interview on SAC101: SSAC Advisory Regarding Access to Domain Name Registration Data

Andrew McConachie, ICANN Technical and Policy Manager, interviews Rod Rasmussen, SSAC Chair during ICANN62.

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An Introduction to the Business Constituency (BC)

ICANN's Mary Wong, Policy Senior Director, interviews Steve Del Bianco, BC Member, and Claudia Selli, BC Member. They provide an introduction to the Business Constituency.

Artworks 000366436749 2orpc8 t500x500

Rod Rasmussen Interview on SAC101: SSAC Advisory

Andrew McConachie, ICANN Technical and Policy Manager, interviews Rod Rasmussen, SSAC Chair during ICANN62.

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Blog Posts

Chair's Blog: A Wrap-Up of the Genval Board Workshop

An Update on the Nominating Committee Review

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."