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Announcements

DRAFT PTI and IANA FY21 Operating Plan and Budgets

Open Date: 14 October 2019 Close Date: 27 November 2019 Originating Organization: Finance Categories/Tags: Operations/Finance Accountability/Transparency Brief Overview: Focusing on...

Proposed Changes and new Additions to the IANA SLAs for ccTLD Creation and ccTLD Transfers

Open Date: 14 October 2019 Close Date: 25 November 2019 Originating Organization: ICANN Categories/Tags: IANA Naming Function Contract, ICANN/PTI Contract, PTI, IANA SLAs, ccTLD creation, ccTLD transfer, SLA...

Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Final Report

Open Date: 8 October 2019 Close Date: 25 November 2019 Originating Organization: ICANN Organization – Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives...

Recommendations for the Technical Utilization of the Root Zone Label Generation Rules Published

LOS ANGELES – 7 October 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN) announced the release of the Recommendations for the Technical Utilization of the Root Zone Label Generation Rules by the Root Zone Label Generation...

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Multimedia

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ICANN’s Multistakeholder Advice Development Process | English

A new animated video illustrates ICANN’s multistakeholder advice development. The video identifies the key steps within each of the four Advisory Committees and provides a high-level explanation of...

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Celebrating Five Years of NextGen@ICANN!

Meet 6 of the impressive young people from around the world who took part in NextGen@ICANN program as we celebrate the fifth anniversary of the program.

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Celebrating Five Years Of NextGen@ICANN!

Meet 6 of the impressive young people from around the world who took part in NextGen@ICANN program as we celebrate the fifth anniversary of the program.

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Janis Karklins Talks EPDP Team Phase 2

Janis Karklins, Chair of EPDP Team Phase 2, discusses priorities for Phase 2 of the Expedited Policy Development Process on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data.

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Blog Posts

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Future Policy and Outreach Ambassadors to Attend the Third At-Large Summit (ATLAS III)

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A Blog about Friendship

Zoom Security Update

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."