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Single Webpage for ICANN Whois-Related Policies and Provisions

Originally posted: 15 April 2013
Last updated: 7 October 2014

This publication contains a current listing of the gTLD Whois-related agreement provisions and policies and is intended to provide easy access to this information.1

  1. GNSO Consensus Policies Concerning Whois
  2. Procedures for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Law
  3. Registrar Agreement Provisions Concerning Whois
    1. June 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement
    2. May 2009 Registrar Accreditation Agreement
    3. May 2001 Registrar Accreditation Agreement
  4. Registrar Advisories
  5. Registry Agreement Provisions Concerning Whois
    1. .aero TLD Sponsorship Agreement
    2. .asia TLD Sponsorship Agreement
    3. .biz Registry Agreement
    4. .cat TLD Sponsorship Agreement
    5. .com Registry Agreement
    6. .coop Sponsored TLD Agreement
    7. .info Registry Agreement
    8. .jobs Registry Agreement
    9. .mobi TLD Sponsorship Agreement
    10. .museum TLD Sponsorship Agreement
    11. .name Registry Agreement
    12. .net Registry Agreement
    13. .org  Registry Agreement
    14. .post Sponsored TDL Agreement
    15. .pro Registry Agreement
    16. .tel Sponsored TLD Agreement
    17. .travel Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement
    18. .xxx Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement
    19. New gTLD Registry Agreement (Form Of dated 9 January 2014)

 

  1. GNSO Consensus Policies Concerning Whois

    ICANN's agreements with accredited registrars and with gTLD registry operators require compliance with various specifically stated procedures and also with "consensus policies." (See http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/consensus-policies). Sponsors and registry operators of sponsored TLDs may be required to comply with consensus policies in some instances. Some of these consensus policies relate to Whois issues. The following policies and procedures have been adopted to address Whois matters:

    Whois Data Reminder Policy

    Whois Marketing Restriction Policy

    Restored Names Accuracy Policy

    Additional Whois Information Policy

  2. Procedures for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Law

  3. Registrar Agreement Provisions Concerning Whois

    1. June 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement

      < http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/raa/approved-with-specs-27jun13-en.htm>

      Section 1.21 – Definitions; Registry Database

      Registrar Obligations

      Sections 3.3.1, 3.3.4, and 3.3.8 – Public Access to Data on Registered Names
      Section 3.5 – Rights in Data
      Sections 3.7.5.7 and 3.7.8 – Business Dealings, Including with Registered Name Holders
      Section 3.12.2 – Obligations Related to Provision of Registrar Services Provided by Third Parties

      Term, Termination and Dispute Resolution

      Section 5.5.2.1.3 – Termination of Agreement by ICANN

      Miscellaneous Provisions

      Section 7.4.5.2 – Negotiation Process on Proposed Revisions

      Whois Accuracy Program Specification

      Registration Data Directory Service (Whois) Specification

      Specification on Privacy and Proxy Registrations

      Data Retention Specification

      Registrants' Benefits and Responsibilities – Domain Name Registrants' Responsibilities

      Transition Addendum to Registrar Accreditation Agreement

    2. May 2009 Registrar Accreditation Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/raa/ra-agreement-21may09-en.htm>

      Section 1.13 – Definitions; Registry Database

      Registrar Obligations

      Sections 3.3.1, 3.3.4 – Public Access to Data on Registered Names
      Section 3.5 – Rights in Data
      Section 3.7.5.7 – Business Dealings, Including with Registered Name Holders
      Section 3.12.2 – Obligations of Third-Party Resellers

    3. May 2001 Registrar Accreditation Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/raa/ra-agreement-21may09-en.htm>

      Section 1.13 – Definitions; Registry Database

      Registrar Obligations

      Sections 3.3.1, 3.3.4 – Public Access to Data on Registered Names
      Section 3.5 – Rights in Data

  4. Registrar Advisories

    <http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/advisories>

    Clarifications to the New gTLD Registry Agreement, Specification 4; and the 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement, Registration Data Directory Service (WHOIS) Specification (12 September 2014)

    Registrar Implementation of the 2013 RAA's Whois Requirements (31 July 2013)

    Registrar Advisory Concerning the "15-day Period" in Whois Accuracy Requirements (3 April 2003)

    ICANN Announces Steps to Improve Whois Data Accuracy (3 September 2002)

    Registrar Advisory Concerning Whois Data Accuracy (10 May 2002)

  5. Registry Agreement Provisions Concerning Whois

    1. .aero TLD Sponsorship Agreement

       <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/aero>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Sponsor; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Monthly Reporting

      Section 5—Whois is Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Public Whois Specification

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section A.4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section B.2.7 – Definition of "Whois Service"
      Section B.3.2 – Whois Service

    2. .asia TLD Sponsorship Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/asia>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Sponsor; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 5—Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part 6 – Public Whois

    3. .biz Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/biz>

      Registry Agreement

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Sponsor; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Section 3.6 – Emergency Transition

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 2 – Registry Functions Activity Report

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 6 – List of Reserved TLD Strings

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 3.1.7 – Redemption Grace Period; Registrar Reporting Requirement
      Section 6 – IPv6
      7.1 – Bulk Transfer After Partial Portfolio Acquisition

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 4 – RDDS
      Section 6 – Emergency Thresholds

    4. .cat TLD Sponsorship Agreement

       <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/cat>

      Section III.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4—Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 5—Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part VI – Public Whois Specifications

    5. .com Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/com>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Section 3.1(h) – Centralized Whois

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section A.5 – Monthly Report; Whois Service Activity
      Section C – Registry Functions Activity Report

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 6 – Performance Specifications
      Section 7 – Responsibilities of the Parties
      Section 9 – Implementation of new Protocols

      Appendix 8 – Registry-Registrar Agreement

      Section 2.9 – Domain Name Lookup Capability

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement (SLA)

      Section 2 – SLA Credits

    6. .coop Sponsored TLD Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/coop>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Sponsor; Handling of Sponsor Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Sponsor's Monthly Report

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part V – Public Whois Specification

    7. .info Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/info>

      Registry Agreement

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Section 3.6 – Emergency Transition

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 2 – Registry Functions Activity Report

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 6 – List of Reserved TLD Strings

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 6 – IPv6

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 4 – RDDS
      Section 6 – Emergency Thresholds

    8. .jobs Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/jobs>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part VI – Public Whois Specification

    9. .mobi TLD Sponsorship Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/mobi>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part 6 – Public Whois Specification

    10. .museum TLD Sponsorship Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/museum>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Report

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

    11. .name Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/name>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 4 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 9.1 – Additional Services; Bulk Transfer After Partial Portfolio Acquisition
      Section 10 – Implementation of New Standards

      Appendix 8 – Registry-Registrar Agreement

      Section 2.9 – Domain Name Lookup Capability

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 3.2 – Whois Service

      Appendix 11 – Registration Restrictions

      Section 3(b)(iii) – Defensive Registrations; Common Defensive Registration Eligibility Requirements

    12. .net Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/net>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 6 – Performance Specifications
      Section 7.3 – Responsibilities of the Parties

      Appendix 8 – Registry-Registrar Agreement

      Section 2.9 – Domain Name Lookup Capability

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 2 – SLA Credits

    13. .org  Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/org>

      Registry Agreement

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Section 3.6 – Emergency Transition

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 2 – Registry Functions Activity Report

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 6 – List of Reserved TLD Strings

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 6 – IPv6
      Section 7.1 – Bulk Transfer After Partial Portfolio Acquisition

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 2.4 – Degraded Performance
      Section 3.12 – Responsibilities of the Parties

    14. .post Sponsored TDL Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/post>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part VI -- Public Whois Specification

    15. .pro Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/pro>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      6(A)2. – Performance Specifications; Definitions
      6(A)3. – Performance Specifications; System Services
      6(A)4. – Service Levels (Availability and Performance)
      6(A)6. – Responsibilities of the Parties
      Exhibit A – Sampling and Testing Schedule

      Appendix 8, Exhibit G – Registry-Registrar Agreement

      Sections 1.19, 1.20 – Definitions
      Section 2.3 – Services; Whois Services
      Section 3 – Service Levels
      Section 5.1 – Credits; Calculation of Credits

      Appendix 10 – Service Level Agreement

      Section 2.4 – Degraded Performance
      Section 3.12 – Responsibilities of the Parties

      Appendix 11 – Registration Restrictions

      Section 8.3.4 – Verification Toolkit
      Section 8.4.4 – Continued Professional Standing – PS-SLD
      Section 9.1.2 – Compliance by Authorized Registrars

    16. .tel Sponsored TLD Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/tel>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part VI – Public Whois Specification

    17. .travel Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/travel>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 3 – Registry System Requirements
      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part VI – Whois Specification – Public Whois

    18. .xxx Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

      <http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/xxx>

      Section 3.1(c)(v) – Covenants of Registry Operator; Handling of Registry Data; Whois Service

      Appendix 4 – Registry Operator's Monthly Reports

      Section 5 – Whois Service Activity

      Appendix 5 – Whois Specifications

      Appendix 7 – Functional and Performance Specifications

      Section 4 – Whois Service Requirements
      Section 7 – Performance Specifications

      Appendix S

      Part 6 – Public Whois Specification
      Attachment 1 -- .xxx Product List

    19. New gTLD Registry Agreement (Form Of dated 9 January 2014)

      <http://newgtlds.icann.org/sites/default/files/agreements/agreement-approved-09jan14-en.htm>

      Section 2.13 – Emergency Transition

      Section 4.5 – Transition of Registry Upon Termination of Agreement

      Specification 3 – Registry Functions

      Section 2 – Activity Report

      Specification 4 – Registration Data Publication Services

      Specification 5 – Schedule of Reserved Names

      Section 3.1 – Reservations for Registry Operators

      Specification 10 – Registry Performance Specifications


1 The listing contains the WHOIS-related agreement provisions and policies that address access to and accuracy of public registration data.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."