The Domain Name Registration Process
Domain names may be registered with one of more than two thousand ICANN-accredited registrars or their resellers. The terms of your domain name registration, including fees, transfers, and renewals, are governed by the agreement(s) between you and your registrar. ICANN-accredited registrars have agreements with registry operators and the ICANN organization to offer domain name registration services. A current list of ICANN-accredited registrars can be found here.
Resellers are companies affiliated with or are under contract with registrars to register domain names and offer other services provided by registrars such as web hosting. Resellers are bound by their agreements with the registrar(s) and are not accredited by ICANN. Registrars remain responsible and accountable for any registrar services provided by their resellers that are required under the registrar's agreement with ICANN.
Every year, millions of individuals, businesses, organizations, and governments register domain names. The person or entity that holds the rights to the registered domain name is called the registrant. Each registrant must provide identifying and contact information that includes name, postal address, email address, and phone number. Learn more about registrants' benefits and responsibilities here.
Country code top-level domain (ccTLD) names are generally registered through ccTLD operators. Visit IANA's Root Zone Database for a list of delegation details of top-level domains, including gTLDs such as .com, and country-code TLDs such as .uk.
Both registrars and registries have responsibilities when it comes to registering and maintaining domain names. Registrars are responsible for registering domain names while registry operators are responsible for maintaining the registry for each top-level domain. The responsibilities of the registries include accepting registration requests, maintaining a database of the necessary domain name registration data, and providing name servers to publish the zone file data (i.e., information about the location of a domain name) throughout the Internet.