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Welcome to the Global Community!

Welcome to the global community! ICANN is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique identifiers. Through its coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet.

News And Announcements

New Government Engagement Publication

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Read the latest Government Engagement publication that provides an update of the proceedings within the working groups of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), where discussions of Internet- and cybersecurity-related issues take place. Click the title link above to learn more.

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest

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ICANN is seeking Expressions of Interest for panelists to serve on the omnibus Standing Panel for ICANN’s Independent Review Process (IRP). The deadline to submit Expressions of Interest is extended to 31 August 2020 at 23:59 UTC. The IRP is an essential accountability mechanism to hold the ICANN Board and organization accountable.

ICANN President & CEO Goals for Fiscal Year 2021

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The world around ICANN is changing, and ICANN needs to evolve with it. Each year, ICANN’s President & CEO Göran Marby works with the ICANN Board to develop his goals for the next fiscal year, and then works with the Executive team to build a plan to achieve them. Click on the title above to learn more.

ITI Webinar Recordings Now Available

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Miss the live demos of preview.icann.org? Recordings are now available for both the 20 and 22 July 2020 webinars. Click the title above to visit the ITI Feedback site. Links to the recordings are posted under the Latest News section towards the bottom of the page.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."