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  • About the FY19 Board Activities & Priorities

    With ICANN63 in Barcelona now on the horizon, the Board felt it appropriate to once again share our activities and priorities for FY19, much like we did last year. They continue to be divided into five key areas of responsibilities, or "blocks," that the Board uses to...
  • Executive Team Announcement

    I want to extend my warmest wishes to Akram Atallah, President, Global Domains Division, who has decided to leave ICANN org for another opportunity after eight years, effective immediately. Akram made many, significant contributions to ICANN in a variety of roles,...
  • ICANN’s Rocky Beginning - When Friends Were Scarce

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    (EDITORIAL NOTE: This blog by Mike Roberts, ICANN's first CEO & President, is one of a series of occasional pieces written by some of ICANN's early pioneers. They afford us a look back to the early days of ICANN, as we commemorate its 20th anniversary. These blogs by...
  • Executive Team Update

    I am pleased to announce that Sally Newell Cohen has joined ICANN org in the role of Senior Vice President, Global Communications, responsible for the communications and language services functions, based in Los Angeles. Sally's first day is today. Most recently Sally...
  • Key Highlights of the High-Level Government Meeting at ICANN63

    On Monday, 22 October, ICANN will be holding its fourth High-Level Government Meeting (HLGM) in Barcelona, Spain, where it will be hosted by the Spanish government during ICANN63. ICANN's HLGM meetings are traditionally hosted every two years, alongside an ICANN Public...
  • 2018 KSK Rollover Operator Preparedness Survey

    From 21 August 2018 until 14 September 2018, the ICANN organization invited over 16,000 network operators to participate in a survey regarding their preparations for the root KSK rollover. The networks chosen for the survey were those that have shown evidence of perfoming...
  • ICANN’s Two Decades of Evolution

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    (EDITORIAL NOTE: This blog by Vint Cerf, often called the “father of the Internet,” is the first of a series of occasional pieces written by some of ICANN’s early pioneers. They are intended to give us a look back at the early days of ICANN as we commemorate its 20th...
  • EPDP Team Makes Important Progress During Los Angeles Meeting

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    Pictured from left to right: Rafik Dammak, Leon Felipe Sanchez, Mark Svancarek, Kurt Pritz, Alan Greenberg, Chris Disspain, Hadia Elminiawi, Fiona Assonga, Beth Bacon, Matt Serlin, Diane Plaut, Marc Anderson, Kristina Rosette, Collin Kurre, Julf Helsingius, Ashley...
  • ICANN - A catalyst for development

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    (EDITORIAL NOTE: This blog by Nii Quaynor, often referred to as to as "the father of the Internet in Africa" is one of a series of occasional pieces written by some of ICANN's early pioneers. They afford us a look back to the early days of ICANN, as we commemorate its...
  • Blog: Celebrating ICANN@20 through your recollections

    ICANN will soon be celebrating its birthday in Barcelona, specifically at ICANN63, 20-25 October 2018. This will be an historic meeting for a number of reasons, a primary one being that it will mark the 20th anniversary of ICANN's formation. It's no secret that ICANN's...
  • New Report: Issues and Challenges Impacting Domain Name Registrants

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    We have been compiling and analyzing data from various sources within the ICANN organization to try and identify pain points, and to raise awareness around the ICANN community about some of the common issues and challenges that registrants are having managing their domain...
  • ICANN GDPR and Data Protection/Privacy Update

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    As part of our ongoing work together on the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and seeking clarity for any access mechanism for non-public registration data, I promised to provide regular updates. These updates and any clarity received are input into the...
  • Chair's Blog: A Wrap-Up of the Genval Board Workshop

    Last weekend, the ICANN Board met in Genval, Belgium, to hold our fifth workshop of calendar year 2018. Four incoming Board members were able to join us: Merike Kaeo, Danko Jevtovic, Nigel Roberts, and Tripti Sinha. On Friday, 14 September, Ram Mohan kicked off the...
  • An Update on the Nominating Committee Review

    The implementation planning phase of the second Organizational Review of the Nominating Committee (NomCom) is underway. The Implementation Planning Team (IPT) invites you to take a look at the first scorecard report of our progress, which we have just published here. We...
  • Chair's Blog: A Preview of the Genval Board Workshop

    From 14-16 September, the ICANN Board will be convening in Genval, Belgium, a town just south of Brussels, to hold our fifth workshop of calendar 2018. Much like our Vancouver workshop and Panama City workshop, the Board will be covering quite a lot of ground within a...
  • Moving Forward with RDAP

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    On 31 August 2018 we've posted for Public Comment a set of documents that represent a step forward in the community's work on the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP). Developed by the technical community as an eventual replacement for the WHOIS protocol, RDAP enables...
  • Changes to the ICANN Fellowship Program

    In my last blog about the ICANN Fellowship Program, I wrote about the impending community consultation to review and revise the program to reflect the needs of the community. That process is now complete and we have a proposed way forward. The program's goal is to...
  • ICANN's Asia Pacific Office Turns Five

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    The Asia Pacific (APAC) office is marking an important milestone as we celebrate our fifth anniversary. The regional office, walking hand in hand with you, our APAC community, have come a long way in five years. In our fifth anniversary report, we've put together key...
  • Engaging with the New Generation of Cyber Fighters

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    During the third week of August, I visited São Paulo, Brazil, and Asunción, Paraguay, with the goal of engaging with the community and local law enforcement organizations. We were looking to increase awareness regarding domain name system (DNS) abuse, providing training...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."