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  • Chair’s Blog: Key Take-Aways from the Board’s 360° Evaluation

    Earlier this year, the Board completed its self-evaluation, which is conducted once every two years. The assessment is managed by independent consultants and consists of a written, 25 question survey and supplemented by telephonic interviews with the independent...
  • Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget Now Available for Your Feedback

    As a not-for-profit organization working in the public interest, one of the ICANN organization's most important responsibilities is to develop an annual operating budget. We posted our Draft Operating Plan and Budget for Fiscal Year 2020. Long-term financial planning and...
  • Remote Participation at ICANN Meetings

    Each year ICANN hosts three large Public Meetings as a means of providing stakeholders with in person meeting opportunities. ICANN Meetings include workshops, public forums, and working meetings where Internet policies can be discussed and developed. The Meetings are...
  • Your Feedback Needed on the Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget

    The Draft FY20 ICANN Operating Plan and Budget documents will be posted for public comment on 17 December. We will host a webinar on 18 December to give an overview of the documents and help prepare you to submit feedback. The webinar will cover: Documents Structure...
  • Improving Access to ICANN org Content

    We know our stakeholders are busy and you don’t always have the time to visit https://icann.org to stay informed of the latest ICANN news. Some of you use a subscription feature called myICANN to receive content updates delivered directly to your email inbox. On 17...
  • Do You Have a Domain Name? Here's What You Need to Know

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    Part V – Renewing Your Domain Name When you register a domain name, you're able to use it for the period of time you registered it for, which is typically between one to ten years. If you want to keep using the domain name and any of the services associated with it (like...
  • Update on Next Steps on Reviews

    The third Accountability and Transparency Review (ATRT3) will begin in January 2019. This Bylaws-mandated review is intended to examine ICANN's execution of its commitment to maintain and improve robust mechanisms for public input, accountability, and transparency so as...
  • Engagement Trip to China – Shanghai and Wuzhen

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    Sally and Akinori with Chinese Academy of Information Communication Technology (CAICT)President Liu Duo (left) and Liu Yue, Director, Center of Internet Governance Research (right) After wrapping up our work for ICANN63 in Barcelona, Spain, I visited Shanghai and Wuzhen...
  • Chair's Blog: ICANN63 Meeting & Board Workshop

    Thank you all for your participation in ICANN, and your efforts in Barcelona. Everyone worked hard and I hope you're all back safely home and catching up. In this blog, I will briefly summarize the salient points from the Board workshop, share some thoughts on the Annual...
  • SSR2 Review Team: Seven Highlights from Our Meeting at ICANN63

    The Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team has continued to make significant progress since restarting our work in June 2018. We held our most recent face-to-face meeting over two days at ICANN63 in Barcelona, Spain. While there, we also held a...
  • Data protection/privacy issues: ICANN63 wrap-up and next steps

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    With ICANN63 now behind us, I want to take this opportunity to provide an overview of some of the important discussions and feedback we received at the meeting. I would also like to share with you some next steps as they relate to continued work to seek guidance and...
  • Accountability Indicators Feedback 1 July - 30 September 2018

    As promised in July, we published the first quarterly update to Accountability Indicators for FY19 in October. This change both helps us work more efficiently and allows us to show longer trends to make the charts more meaningful. This is part of a series of improvements...
  • The Recent KSK Rollover: Summary and Next Steps

    As we hope you have already heard, the main cryptographic key for the DNS root zone was changed on 11 October 2018 in an elaborately orchestrated series of steps. The result was exceptionally good: There were far fewer Internet users negatively affected by the change...
  • A Look at ICANN's Creation

    My story begins in ancient times when dinosaurs ruled the earth. It was a time when you could download a movie onto your desktop computer through your 56k dial-up connection if you had a few days. It was a time when more people were on the Minitel in France than on the...
  • ICANN Org Ends FY18 Under Budget with Operations Expenses Contained

    Now that an overview of our FY18 financials has been posted, I’d like to share a few highlights of our financial performance against the budget. All the figures I mention below are preliminary, unaudited figures. At the beginning of FY18, we projected that funding for...
  • Recognizing Our Community

    Community-driven work is at the core of ICANN's mission. Countless hours are spent in working groups across our Supporting Organizations, Advisory Committees, and other groups, including the Customer Standing Committee, the Nominating Committee, and the Public Identifiers...
  • Next Steps to More Secure Systems

    As you know, the ICANN org provides systems and platforms for the ICANN stakeholder community to collaborate. The security and stability of these systems is vital. Our Engineering and Information Technology (E&IT) teams work hard to ensure that these systems are...
  • Announcing My New Deputies

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    I am pleased to announce that I have appointed John Jeffrey, General Counsel and Secretary, and Theresa Swinehart, Senior Vice President, Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives, to serve as my deputies. Each member of the ICANN org Executive Team has a deputy...
  • Ten Things You Didn't Know About Barcelona

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    1. Barcelona is home to nine UNESCO-listed World Heritage sites: seven works of Antoni Gaudí(Parque Güell; Palacio Güell; Casa Mila; Casa Vicens; Gaudí’s work on the Nativity façade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia; Casa Batlló; Crypt in Colonia Güell), Palau de la Música...
  • Welcome to ICANN63

    ¡Bienvenidos! Welcome to ICANN63– our Annual General Meeting – in Barcelona, Spain. There’s quite a lot taking place this week, between the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC)’s High Level Government Meeting, celebrations for ICANN’s 20th anniversary, an impressive...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."