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Blog

  • President’s Corner: Greetings from Johannesburg

    Welcome to the second Policy Forum – whether you are here in Johannesburg or following along from home. I am consistently reminded as I meet with ICANN stakeholders around the world, on behalf of the ICANN organization, that the Internet is no one country's national...
  • Top 12 Things You Didn’t Know About South Africa

    1. Only in South Africa will you find a street that has been home to two Nobel Peace Prize laureates. Both Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu lived on Vilakazi Street in the Orlando West township in Soweto. Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his...
  • Welcome to the ICANN59 Policy Forum

    David Olive, Senior VP, Policy Development Support and Managing Director of the Istanbul Office, expresses his excitement to be back in South Africa for another ICANN Public Meeting. He welcomes everyone who has come to be a part of the innovative and collaborative policy...
  • Publishing Submissions to the Complaints Office

    I am excited to announce that I have published the first report of the Complaints Office's activities on the our dedicated webpage. This initial report includes submissions received through 12 June 2017, and I will be updating it on a regular basis. It's been two months...
  • Welcome to Africa and to ICANN59!

    Pierre Dandjinou, ICANN’sVP, Global Stakeholder Engagement in Africa, welcomes you toJohannesburg, also called Egoli, the City of Gold. In this video, he stresses the importance ofyour contribution to the ICANN59 Policy Forum, where ICANN’s Supporting Organizations and...
  • Dialogues on the Evolving Data Privacy and Protection Regulations

    Data privacy and data protection regulations are currently undergoing developments that may impact specific areas of ICANN's work. In the past few months, we've had several discussions with the multistakeholder community about this topic. These dialogues took place in a...
  • ICANN Process Documentation Initiative (Community Feedback Requested)

    During ICANN58, Göran Marby talked about starting an effort to describe and document several key processes where the ICANN organization and community interact through recommendations and advice. We've already made some progress, as those of you at the GDD Summit [PDF, 2.3...
  • What is Happening with ICANN Reviews?

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    Also Available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish. Reviews are mandated by ICANN's Bylaws to evaluate the performance of the ICANN Organization, its Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees (ACs). The purpose of these Reviews is to examine...
  • ICANN Initiates Gender Diversity and Participation Pilot Survey

    ICANN was founded on the belief that it should reflect the diversity of the Internet community. To uphold this commitment, ICANN continues to work to ensure that anyone can participate. Promoting greater gender diversity is key to these efforts. Information on the state...
  • Security Update - Los Angeles Office

    On Tuesday, June 13, 2017, a person was taken into custody on ICANN’s premises in Los Angeles, CA, unrelated to ICANN’s operations. We are aware and are investigating. We will provide an update as we learn more and as appropriate.
  • Fighting Fake Profiles on icann.org

    In response to questions from the community, ICANN is looking into reports of fake or spam-related profiles on icann.org. We want to give you an update on what we've found and what we're planning to do. What is a profile on icann.org and what does it allow you to do?...
  • ICANN Discontinues Remote Hubs at Public Meetings

    Two years ago, the ICANN organization introduced remote hubs at some sessions at ICANN Public Meetings on an experimental basis. The aim was to encourage participation by people who could not attend the meetings in person. A particular focus at the time was on providing...
  • A look back: The ICANN History Project

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    Brad White interviews Peter Dengate-Thrush It was indeed ironic–Ira Magaziner's boss, President Bill Clinton, had just won his 1996 bid for re-election, yet Magaziner was feeling the pain of defeat. As a Senior Policy Advisor to the President, Magaziner had been heavily...
  • Clarifying the Roles of the ICANN Complaints Office and Ombudsman

    Last month, the ICANN organization officially launched its Complaints Office, which serves a complimentary role to ICANN’s existing complaints processes, such as Contractual Compliance, Request for Reconsideration and the Ombudsman. However, we have noticed some confusion...
  • A New Perspective on the Stakeholder's Journey

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    Photo: Catching up with the Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy (APIGA) alumni at the recent ICANN meeting in Copenhagen (From left to right: Mohammad Abdul Awal from Bangladesh, Haoran Huang from China, Adeel Sadiq from Pakistan, Donggi Lee from South Korea and...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."