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Deadline is approaching to provide input on the IANA Stewardship Transition and Enhancing ICANN Accountability Proposals. Click the link below to learn more and submit your feedback.

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News and Announcements

Fellowship & NextGen Applications Now Open

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Interested in applying for the ICANN NextGen and Fellowship Programs at ICANN55 Marrakech, taking place in March 2016? Applications are now open and will remain open until 16 October 2015. Successful candidates will be announced on on 11 December 2015. For more on how to apply, click on the link above.

Watch Contractual Compliance’s New Video

Getting to Know Contactual Compliance

Are you a domain name holder interested in learning more about how ICANN’s Contractual Compliance can help you with domain name registration issues? Click the title and take a moment to view a new video which explains ICANN’s role. The video is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Korean, Japanese, Russian and Spanish.

Learn more about The Three Layers of Internet Governance

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Interested in Internet Governance? Dig into the new Internet Governance infographic to uncover more about the Internet Ecosystem. The infographic is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. Download a copy today!

Explore the New IDN Infographic

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Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) allow people around the world to access domain names in their local language. Click on the link and download the new infographic to learn more about IDNs and how you can participate in ICANN’s IDN program.

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We depend on the support of many different types of groups and sub-structures: Advisory Commitees, Supporting Organizations, standingcommittees, working groups, review teams, task forces, and more.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."