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Register for ICANN62

As ICANN61 wraps up, it's time to start looking ahead to the ICANN62 Policy Forum, to be held in Panama City from 25–28 June 2018. This four-day meeting will be focused on policy development work, outreach, and daily opportunities to network with the community.

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News and Announcements

GAC Issues ICANN61 San Juan Communiqué

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The Governmental Advisory Committee issued its San Juan Communiqué on 15 March 2018 at its meeting at ICANN61. Three times a year, the GAC meets at ICANN Public Meetings, where it discusses issues with the ICANN Board, Supporting Organizations, Advisory Committees, and other groups. Click the link above to read the ICANN61 Communiqué.

Pre-ICANN61 Policy Report Now Available

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The Pre-ICANN61 Policy Report provides a high-level overview of the planned work and activities of the Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees at ICANN61. Read the report to find out what to expect, important background information, and ICANN61 session details. Click the link above to start reading.

GNSO Policy Briefing Published

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Read the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Policy Briefing ICANN61 Edition and learn about the important work by the GNSO taking place at ICANN61 in San Juan, Puerto Rico from 10-15 March. This report provides you with helpful links about the GNSO and background information on relevant GNSO policy efforts. Click link above to learn more.

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN62 Fellowship

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ICANN is proud to announce the selection of 43 individuals from 34 countries to participate in our Fellowship program at ICANN62 to be held in Panama City from 25-28 June 2018. Click on the link above to learn more about the selected individuals and ICANN's Fellowship Program.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."