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Getting Started with Reviews Specific Reviews
Review Status Update Table Organizational Reviews
Review Process Timing of Reviews
Blog: Enhancing and Streamlining Reviews Resourcing and Prioritization of Community Recommendations: Draft Proposal for Community Discussion
ICANN66: Enhancing the Effectiveness of Review Recommendations and Their Implementation  

Reviews are important accountability mechanisms that are required by ICANN Bylaws and critical to maintaining a healthy multistakeholder model. There are two categories of reviews: Specific Reviews address a range of specific topics such as Accountability and Transparency (ATRT), Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice (CCT), Security, Stability and Resiliency (SSR) and Registration Directory Service (RDS); Organizational Reviews assess ICANN's Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees (ACs), to determine how effectively they operate, how well they achieve their purpose and how accountable they are to the multistakeholder community. Reviews deliver findings and recommendations to help improve ICANN, its SOs and ACs.


Below, please find a status update for all active Specific and Organizational Reviews that are in the planning, execution, or implementation phase.

What is the Status of Currently Active Specific Reviews?

Specific Reviews Currently Active Status Additional Resources
Accountability and Transparency (ATRT3) On 30 November 2020, the Board took action on each of the 5 recommendations, as specified within the scorecard titled "ATRT3 Final Recommendations Board Action 30 November 2020".

Latest news and updates:Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org.

Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice (CCT) On 1 March 2019, the Board took action on each of the 35 recommendations, as specified within the scorecard titled "Final CCT Recommendations: Board Action (1 March 2019)".

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

Registration Directory Service Review formerly "WHOIS" (RDS-WHOIS2) On 25 February 2020, the Board took action on each of the 22 recommendations issued within the RDS-WHOIS2-RT Final Report, as specified within the scorecard titled "Final RDS-WHOIS2 Recommendations – Board Action 25 February 2020". The Board resolved to approve 15 recommendations (in whole or in part), to put 4 recommendations in pending, to pass through 2 recommendations (in whole or in part), and to reject 2 recommendations.

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

 

Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) On 25 January 2021, the second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team submitted its final report to the ICANN Board. The report was issued for Public Comment (28 January to 8 April 2021) to inform Board action on the SSR2 Review Team's final recommendations. The Board is mandated by the Bylaws to take action on the recommendations within six months of receipt of the final report, i.e. by 25 July 2021.

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

 

What is the Status of Currently Active Organizational Reviews?

Organizational Reviews currently active Status Additional Resources
Address Supporting Organization (ASO2) The NRO is currently implementing the recommendations detailed in the Final Report of the independent examiner.  The remaining items require updates to the AoU between NRO and ICANN. Find essential milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the ASO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
At-Large (At-Large2) Following Board acceptance of the final implementation report in September 2020 and the request for the ALAC to provide the OEC with progress updates on the two remaining issues, "Member Engagement and Criteria" and "Absence of Consistent Performance Metrics", by 31 December 2020, a status report was provided to the OEC on 18 December 2020. Find latest news and progress updates on the At-Large/ALAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the At-Large Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO2) The ccNSO conducted a Feasibility Assessment and Initial Implementation Plan with respect to the recommendations submitted in the Independent Examiner’s final report, which was presented to the OEC. As a follow-up, the OEC invited the ccNSO to provide additional information and answer questions on their recommendations assessment. On 26 February 2021, the ccNSO provided the OEC with additional details and clarification on the ccNSO assessment and actions on the results of the second ccNSO review. Find historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the ccNSO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO2) The Board accepted the GNSO's final implementation plan in January 2019. The GNSO3 review, starting June 2021, will mark the third round of organizational reviews. Find latest news and progress updates on the GNSO Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the GNSO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Nominating Committee (NomCom2) The NomComRIWG submitted its second six-monthly implementation progress report to the OEC on 21 December 2020. Find latest news and progress updates on the NomCom Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the NomCom Review Home page on ICANN.org.
Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC2)

The RSSAC2 Review Implementation Work Party (RIWP) has started implementation and submitted its second six-monthly implementation progress report to the OEC.

Find latest news and progress updates on the RSSAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the RSSAC Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC2) The Board accepted the Final Implementation Report of the second SSAC Review issued by the SSAC RWP approved by the SSAC, which marks the completion of this organizational review. The Board encouraged the SSAC to continue monitoring the impact of the implementation of the recommendations from the second Review of the SSAC as part of its continuous improvement process. Find latest news and progress updates on the SSAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the SSAC Review Home Page on ICANN.org.

 

Tools and Resources Available to You

The Specific Reviews Page and Organizational Reviews Page each provide an introduction to Specific and Organizational Reviews and the process that each follows. From these pages, you can also find links to detailed information on the individual reviews that make up each category. Information is broken into:

Review Home Pages that provide permanent files of essential milestones, outputs, and final deliverables for each review.

Review Wiki Workspaces that provide the latest information of the work of reviews teams including opportunities to participate.

If you are new to ICANN Reviews, we recommend visiting "Getting Started with Reviews" for a step-by-step guide to learn about reviews and the best practices for getting involved.


Timing of Specific Reviews

The Review Timeline provides a snapshot of the active Specific Reviews (in blue) and Organizational Reviews (in orange). The timeline is broken down into planning and execution phases (darker shade), and the implementation phase (lighter shade) for each review. For a more detailed overview of the review phases, visit the Process Flow infographics.

 

Review Cycle Overview

The Review Cycle Overview provides an expanded timeline to demonstrate the past, current, and future Specific Reviews (in blue) and Organizational Reviews (in orange) over an extended timeline of 22 years.

 

Multiyear Timeline

(1) Board Resolution to defer Specific Reviews: click here.

(2) Public Comment on deferral of country code names supporting organization (ccNSO) Review: click here.

(3) ASO Memorandum of Understanding: click here. Under this agreement between ICANN and the Number Resource Organization (NRO), the NRO shall fulfill the role, responsibilities and functions of the ASO as defined within the ICANN Bylaws. With reference to the provisions of Article IV, Section 4 of the ICANN Bylaws the NRO shall provide its own review mechanisms.


Review Timing and Triggers

ICANN Bylaws Section 4.6 mandate the triggers that cause Specific Reviews to commence:

(vi) The Accountability and Transparency Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years measured from the date the previous Accountability and Transparency Review Team was convened.

(v) The SSR Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, measured from the date the previous SSR Review Team was convened.

(ii) After a New gTLD Round has been in operation for one year, the Board shall cause a competition, consumer trust and consumer choice review as specified in this Section 4.6(d) ("CCT Review").

(v) The Directory Service Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, measured from the date the previous Directory Service Review Team was convened, except that the first Directory Service Review to be conducted after 1 October 2016 shall be deemed to be timely if the applicable Directory Service Review Team is convened on or before 31 October 2016.

ICANN Bylaws Article/Section 4.4 mandate the triggers that cause Organizational Reviews to commence:

Organizational Reviews: These periodic reviews shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, based on feasibility as determined by the Board. Each five-year cycle will be computed from the moment of the reception by the Board of the final report of the relevant review Working Group.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."