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Getting Started with Reviews Specific Reviews
Review Status Update Table Organizational Reviews
Review Process Timing of Reviews

Reviews are important accountability mechanisms that are required by ICANN Bylaws and critical to maintaining a healthy multistakeholder model. There are two categories of reviews: Specific Reviews address a range of specific topics such as Accountability and Transparency (ATRT), Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice (CCT), Security and Stability (SSR) and Registration Directory Services (RDS); Organizational Reviews assess ICANN’s Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees (ACs), to determine how effectively they operate, how well they achieve their purpose and how accountable they are to the multistakeholder community. Reviews deliver findings and recommendations to help improve ICANN, its SOs and ACs.

Tools and Resources Available to You

The Specific Reviews Page and Organizational Reviews Page each provide an introduction to Specific and Organizational Reviews and the process that each follows. From these pages, you can also find links to detailed information on the individual reviews that make up each category.  Information is broken into:

Review Home Pages that provide permanent files of essential milestones, outputs, and final deliverables for each review. 

Review Wiki Workspaces that provide the latest information of the work of reviews teams including opportunities to participate. 

If you are new to ICANN Reviews, we recommend visiting "Getting Started with Reviews" for a step-by-step guide to learn about reviews and the best practices for getting involved.


Below, please find a status update for all active Specific and Organizational Reviews that are in the planning, execution, or implementation phase.

What is the Status of Currently Active Specific Reviews?

Specific Reviews Currently Active Status Additional Resources
Accountability and Transparency (ATRT3)

Five of seven Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees (ACs)  completed their nominations. Next, the SO/AC chairs will assemble a review team based on the nominations received.

The launch of ATRT3 to be discussed pending close of public comment on short-term options.

Latest news and updates:Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org.

Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice (CCT)

Review team has sent its Final Report to the ICANN Board.

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

Registration Directory Service Review formerly "WHOIS" (RDS-WHOIS2)

The review team is now seeking input on its Draft Report and its 23 draft recommendations. Public comment period will close on 4 November 2018. For more information, click here. Review team will also host a webinar on 17 September 2018 at 15:00 UTC and 21:00 UTC to present the Draft Report.

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace 

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

 

Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the Domain Name System (SSR2)

ICANN announced the formal restart of the SSR2 review in June 2018. The SSR2 review team met face-to-face in Washington, D.C. in August 2018 and is moving forward with its work. See here for more details.

Latest news and updates: Wiki Workspace 

Historical milestones, outputs, and deliverables: Review Home Page on ICANN.org

Review data: Fact Sheet

 

What is the Status of Currently Active Organizational Reviews?

Organizational Reviews currently active Status Additional Resources
Address Supporting Organization (ASO2) The NRO is currently assessing the Final Report of the independent examiner. Find essential milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the ASO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
At-Large (At-Large2)

The At-Large Review Implementation Working Group is now formed. See here for more details. The group will now develop a detailed implementation plan and oversee the implementation process.

Find latest news and progress updates on the At-Large/ALAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the At-Large Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO2)

Meridian Institute has been appointed to conduct the ccNSO2 review. See here for more details. Meridian Institute has begun work on its data collection and will conduct in-person interviews at ICANN63 in Barcelona.

Find historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the ccNSO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO2) GNSO2 Review recommendations are in the process of implementation. Find latest news and progress updates on the GNSO Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the GNSO Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Nominating Committee (NomCom2)

The independent examiner has published its final report. The Review Working Party will now prepare a feasibility assessment and initial implementation plan based on the final report.

Find latest news and progress updates on the NomCom Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the NomCom Review Home page on ICANN.org.
Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC2)

The independent examiner has published its final report. The Review Work Party will now prepare a feasibility assessment and initial implementation plan based on the final report.

Find latest news and progress updates on the RSSAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the RSSAC Review Home Page on ICANN.org.
Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC2)

The independent examiner has published its draft final report for public comment. Click here for more information.

Find latest news and progress updates on the SSAC Review Wiki Workspace and historical milestones, outputs, and final deliverables on the SSAC Review Home Page on ICANN.org.

 


Timing of Specific Reviews

The Review Timeline provides a snapshot of the active Specific Reviews (in blue) and Organizational Reviews (in orange). The timeline is broken down into planning and execution phases (darker shade), and the implementation phase (lighter shade) for each review. For a more detailed overview of the review phases, visit the Process Flow infographics.

Review Cycle Overview

The Review Cycle Overview provides an expanded timeline to demonstrate the past, current, and future Specific Reviews (in blue) and Organizational Reviews (in orange) over an extended timeline of 22 years.

 

(1) Board Resolution to defer Specific Reviews: click here

(2) Public Comment on deferral of country code names supporting organization (ccNSO) Review: click here.

(3) ASO Memorandum of Understanding: click hereUnder this agreement between ICANN and the Number Resource Organization (NRO), the NRO shall fulfill the role, responsibilities and functions of the ASO as defined within the ICANN Bylaws. With reference to the provisions of Article IV, Section 4 of the ICANN Bylaws the NRO shall provide its own review mechanisms.


Review Timing and Triggers

ICANN Bylaws Section 4.6 mandate the triggers that cause Specific Reviews to commence:

(vi) The Accountability and Transparency Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years measured from the date the previous Accountability and Transparency Review Team was convened.

(v) The SSR Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, measured from the date the previous SSR Review Team was convened.

(ii) After a New gTLD Round has been in operation for one year, the Board shall cause a competition, consumer trust and consumer choice review as specified in this Section 4.6(d) ("CCT Review").

(v) The Directory Service Review shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, measured from the date the previous Directory Service Review Team was convened, except that the first Directory Service Review to be conducted after 1 October 2016 shall be deemed to be timely if the applicable Directory Service Review Team is convened on or before 31 October 2016.

ICANN Bylaws Article/Section 4.4 mandate the triggers that cause Specific Reviews to commence: 

Organizational Reviews: These periodic reviews shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, based on feasibility as determined by the Board. Each five-year cycle will be computed from the moment of the reception by the Board of the final report of the relevant review Working Group.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."