Internationalized Domain Names
Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) permit the global community to use a domain name in their native language or script. This is enabled by allowing domain names to have characters from different scripts, beyond the letters (a to z), digits (0 to 9) and hyphen (-), as encoded by the Unicode standard and as allowed by relevant IDN protocols.
ICANN has instituted the IDN Program to assist and promote the multilingual Internet using IDNs. The program is primarily focused on the planning and implementation of the IDN Top-level Domains (TLDs) that include ccTLDs and gTLDs. The IDN Program also supports and undertakes projects geared towards effective deployment of IDNs at the second-level, as guided by the community.
IDN Infographic: Access Domain Names in Your Language
IDN Program Projects
IDN Program has been implementing the following projects focused on IDN Top-level Domains (TLDs):
A community driven project aiming to define conservative mechanism for introducing IDN TLDs into the Internet's Root Zone in a stable and secure manner.
This project is being undertaken to make it easier for the community to formally represent, create, use and manage data related to the Label Generation Rules for different languages and scripts. ICANN intends to deploy the LGR Toolset to assist community to use Root Zone LGR in determining the valid IDN TLDs and their variants (if any) for the different scripts.
This process has been created by the community to evaluate Top-level Domain labels in different languages and scripts for countries and territories. IDN Program implements various aspects of this process.
IDN Program is implementing the following projects focused on IDNs at the Second-level.
The IDN Implementation Guidelines document the recommended practice for registries implementing IDNs at the second-level, through a community led process. These guidelines are designed to promote consistency, and minimize the risk of cybersquatting and consumer confusion.
The Second-level LGR References are being developed on the request of the community to improve consistency in testing of the IDN tables during Pre-Delegation Testing and Registry Service Evaluation Process.
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