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At-Large

The At-Large is the community of individual internet users who participate in the policy development work of ICANN. Currently, more than 160 groups representing the views of individual Internet users are active throughout the world.  At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is responsible for considering and providing advice on the activities of ICANN.  For more information on At-Large, click here.

At-Large Organizational Review

The goal of the review, to be undertaken pursuant to such criteria and standards as the Board shall direct, shall be to determine (i) whether that organization, council or committee has a continuing purpose in the ICANN structure, (ii) if so, whether any change in structure or operations is desirable to improve its effectiveness and (iii) whether that organization, council or committee is accountable to its constituencies, stakeholder groups, organizations and other stakeholders.

These periodic reviews shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, based on feasibility as determined by the Board. Each five-year cycle will be computed from the moment of the reception by the Board of the final report of the relevant review Working Group.

The graphic below illustrates phases and status of each review - a  indicates that all activities within a given phase have been completed.  The chart that follows the graphic provides further details of key activities and milestones within each phase – you can view these details by clicking on each of the phases in the graphic.  The table also contains links to relevant documents.

 

At-Large2
PhaseActivityDescriptionStart DateDocuments
Plan ReviewRFP for Independent ExaminerAnnouncement of Independent Examiner Request for Proposals6 Jan 2016
Conduct ReviewSelection of Independent ExaminerAnnouncement of selection of Independent Examiner13 May 2016
Public Comment on At-Large Review: Draft ReportPublic Comment on At-Large Review: Draft Report1 Feb 2017
Final Report of ITEMS InternationalReview of the ICANN At-Large Community, Final Report by Independent Examiner ITEMS International2 May 2017

At-Large
PhaseActivityDescriptionStart DateDocuments
Plan ReviewAppointment of review team membersAppointment of review team members23 Jan 2008
Terms of ReferenceDocument outlining the scope of work adopted by the Board20 Jun 2007
RFP for Independent EvaluatorIndependent Expert Request for Proposals announcement20 Jun 2007
Conduct ReviewSelection of independent consultantAnnouncement of selection of independent consultant23 Jan 2008
Final Report of External ConsultantWestlake Consulting published its Independent Review of the At-Large Advisory Committee25 Jul 2008
Public comment on External Consultant’s Final ReportPublic comment on recommendations in Westlake Consulting Limited’s Final Report25 Jul 2008
Mid-point Consultation ReportMid-Point Consultation Report of the Board Governance Committee for ALAC Review Working Group on ALAC Improvements21 Oct 2008
Public comment on ALAC Review Mid-Point ReportMid-Point Consultation Report of the Board Governance Committee for ALAC Review Working Group on ALAC Improvements posted for public comment23 Oct 2008
Draft Final ReportDraft Final Report of the ALAC Review Working Group on ALAC Improvements28 Jan 2009
Public comment on Draft Final ReportPublic comment on Working Group’s Draft Final Report11 Feb 2009
Final ReportFinal report submitted to ICANN Board9 Jun 2009
SIC approved Final ReportBoard’s Structural Improvements Committee approved ALAC Review Working Group’s Final Report26 Jun 2009
Plan ImplementationImplementation Plan AcceptedImplementation plan accepted by the Board5 Aug 2010
Implementation Project PlanALAC/At-Large Improvements Implementation Project Plan7 Jun 2010
Board resolutionBoard directs ICANN's CEO to provide the Board with a summary of the " ALAC/At‐Large Improvements Implementation Project Plan " for consideration at the next Board meeting25 Jun 2010
Implement ImprovementsLatest details of implementationInformation available on the community wiki14 Jun 2012

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."