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At-Large Review

The Board took action on 12 June 2022 to defer the Third Review of the ALAC/At-Large. See the Board resolution here.

At-Large Review Wiki Workspace Page
Find the latest status updates, recordings of past meetings, and opportunities to participate
Introduction to Reviews
Learn more about Reviews, their purpose and process for conducting and opportunities to participate

The At-Large is the community of individual internet users who participate in the policy development work of ICANN. Currently, more than 160 groups representing the views of individual Internet users are active throughout the world.  At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is responsible for considering and providing advice on the activities of ICANN.  For more information on At-Large, click here.

At-Large Organizational Review

The goal of the review, to be undertaken pursuant to such criteria and standards as the Board shall direct, shall be to determine (i) whether that organization, council or committee has a continuing purpose in the ICANN structure, (ii) if so, whether any change in structure or operations is desirable to improve its effectiveness and (iii) whether that organization, council or committee is accountable to its constituencies, stakeholder groups, organizations and other stakeholders.

These periodic reviews shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, based on feasibility as determined by the Board. Each five-year cycle will be computed from the moment of the reception by the Board of the final report of the relevant review Working Group.

The graphic below illustrates phases and status of each review - a  indicates that all activities within a given phase have been completed.  The chart that follows the graphic provides further details of key activities and milestones within each phase – you can view these details by clicking on each of the phases in the graphic.  The table also contains links to relevant documents.


PhaseActivityDescriptionStart DateDocuments
Plan ReviewRFP for Independent ExaminerAnnouncement of Independent Examiner Request for Proposals6 Jan 2016
Conduct ReviewSelection of Independent ExaminerAnnouncement of selection of Independent Examiner13 May 2016
Public Comment on At-Large Review: Draft ReportPublic Comment on At-Large Review: Draft Report1 Feb 2017
Final Report of ITEMS InternationalReview of the ICANN At-Large Community, Final Report by Independent Examiner ITEMS International2 May 2017
Board receipt and action on the Final ReportBoard receipt and action on the Final Report23 Jun 2018
Plan ImplementationFeasibility Assessment and Implementation PlanAt-Large Review Recommendations Feasibility Assessment and Implementation Plan19 Sep 2017
Mapping ExerciseMapping Exercise and Set of Questions from the OEC to the At-Large RWP20 Dec 2017
Implementation OverviewAt-Large Review Implementation Overview20 Apr 2018
ICANN Board accepts Feasibility AssessmentICANN Board accepts Feasibility Assessment of the At-Large Review Working Party23 Jun 2018
Detailed Implementation PlanAt-Large Review Detailed Implementation Plan27 Nov 2018
Implement ImprovementsBoard Accepts Implementation Plan Consideration of the At-Large Advisory Committee Detailed Implementation Plan27 Jan 2019
Status ReportAt-Large Review 2 Implementation (ARI) Status Report 1 to the Organisational Effectiveness Committee (OEC)19 Jun 2019
Status Report At-Large Review 2 Implementation (ARI) Status Report 2 to the Organisational Effectiveness Committee (OEC)2 Dec 2019
Implementation Final ReportAt-Large Review 2 Implementation (ARI) Final Report to the Organisational Effectiveness Committee (OEC)23 Jun 2020
Board Accepts Final Implementation ReportBoard accepts At-Large2 Review Final Implementation Report10 Sep 2020
Implementation Status ReportAt-Large Review Implementation (ARI) Status Report18 Dec 2020
Standard Operating ProceduresDeferral of Third ALAC ReviewDeferral of the Third ALAC/At-Large Review (At-Large3)12 Jun 2022


Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."