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注册服务机构认证:财务问题

在您开始注册服务机构认证流程之前,请阅读并考虑以下要向您收取的费用。以下并非是成为认证注册服务机构所需费用的完整列表,但该列表旨在帮助注册服务机构申请人做好准备,支付一些与成为 ICANN 认证注册服务机构有关的费用。

需向 ICANN 支付的费用:

  • 3,500 美元的申请费,无论申请被批准、拒绝或撤回,均不予退还。完成申请材料的初步审核后,ICANN 将联系申请人,说明如何缴纳该费用。
  • 获得批准后 4,000 美元的认证年费,此后每年一交。
  • 在您开始域名注册/获得认证批准满一个季度后(以先发生的情况为准)收取不定额费用(按季度收费)。该费用是 ICANN 运营费用的一部分,由于是在所有注册服务机构之间平摊,所以每个季度的金额会有所不同。
  • 按交易收取的 gTLD 费用(按季度收取)。该费用是对每次新注册、续订或转让收取的统一费用。该费用可单独由注册服务机构向注册人收取,但需由注册服务机构支付给 ICANN。
  • 请参阅 http://www.icann.org/general/financial.html 上的最新 ICANN 预算,以了解有关季度不定额费用和按交易收取费用(包括可能免除的费用)的其他详细信息。
  • 请参阅 http://www.icann.org/financials/payments.htm 以了解有关如何向 ICANN 支付费用的说明。

其他财务问题:

营运资本

申请人必须证明其拥有足够的营运资本,能够按照其合理计划的注册量开展注册服务机构业务的运营工作。对于寻求初步认证的申请人,如果证明有能力在认证期开始时以申请人的名义立即筹得不少于 70,000 美元的流动资本,将被视为拥有足够的营运资本;不过,在证明申请人有足够的流动营运资本时,低于这个金额也可以接受。申请时无需附上独立验资证明(如由经认可的金融机构提供的银行担保贷款、信用额度担保或信用证),但在认证生效之前必须提交该证明。

如果申请人无法证明其拥有至少 70,000 美元的流动营运资本,则申请人必须证明其拥有足够的可用资源以及充足的现金储备来满足其业务需求,并且其业务模式不需要 70,000 美元的流动营运资本来维护日常运营。

可以证明这一点的因素包括:

  1. 可验证且可靠的现金流,足以维持持续运营;或
  2. 注册服务机构是现有资本充足的注册服务机构的附属机构(如 RAA 中所定义);
  3. 注册服务机构的预计注册量可保证需要较少的资本;
  4. 注册服务机构的运营成本预计明显低于行业规范,或者可识别的情况将导致更可预测和稳定的运营成本;
  5. 由于当前运营的注册服务机构或分销商业务,预计注册服务机构启动成本会降低;
  6. 推动 ICANN 欠服务地区计划的其他因素,例如将域名注册服务定位于欠服务市场地区,该地区的成本可能较低。

已开展注册服务机构业务,或是想要将现有的域名分销商业务转换为注册服务机构业务的申请人,必须和申请表一起提交已独立验证的财务报表(如通过会计师审计),来证明营运资本金额可用于运营注册服务机构业务。

需向注册管理运行机构支付的费用:

注册服务机构要与 gTLD 注册管理机构开展业务还需要考虑其他财务问题。请参阅每家注册管理运行机构的网站,或直接联系注册管理运行机构以了解详细信息。有关完整列表,请访问 http://www.icann.org/registries/listing.html

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."