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Annual Disclosure of Payments to Suppliers

To provide additional transparency on how ICANN spends the funds that have been entrusted to it, ICANN publishes information regarding aggregate levels of payments made to ICANN's suppliers within each fiscal year.1 This is in addition to the financial reporting provided within ICANN's Form 990 filings with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

For the purposes of this disclosure, a vendor or supplier is considered to be a third party entity that is engaged by ICANN through contract to provide specific goods or services to ICANN in fulfillment of ICANN's mission. Staff costs, contributions, sponsorships, grants, and other similar transactions are not considered to be in scope. The minimum threshold for reporting will be identified each fiscal year.

Disclosure must be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws and contractual obligations. At times, ICANN will be limited in its ability to provide a specific disclosure, for example to comply with laws (including all relevant data protection and privacy laws), contractual obligations, or to protect sensitive or privileged information. In such instances, ICANN will first try to identify whether some information may be provided in a consolidated or an anonymized manner prior to making a determination disclosure is not possible. For example, due to the unique nature of contracts and services provided, information on payments towards ICANN's leases and insurance coverages will be provided at a consolidated level across suppliers within each category.

In support of its transparency obligations, ICANN considers the impact of confidentiality obligations within contracts. For more information on ICANN's general practices for vendor non-disclosure agreements and confidentiality obligations, click here.

This transparency initiative is designed to complement existing financial reporting frameworks and to further enhance clarity and accessibility of our financial information. Starting with FY24, ICANN will target to release this information within 120 days of the conclusion of the fiscal year.

More information on ICANN's financials, including performance, guidelines, policies, and procedures including United States Tax Returns information may be found here. ICANN's Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 990 Filings are also posted in Historical Financial Information for full reference.

1 This initiative was launched, starting with fiscal year 2022, to address implementation guidance received from the Cross-Community Working on Enhancing ICANN Accountability.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."