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2012 年新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 项目中的新 gTLD 受《注册管理机构基本协议》的约束,初始期限为 10 年。预计这些协议将连续续订 10 年,除非《注册管理机构基本协议》第 4.2 节中规定的任何例外情况适用。

ICANN 组织制定了一个《注册管理机构协议》(RA) 续订流程,其中考量了几项关键要素:续订预期、效率和透明度。在此续订流程中,注册管理运行机构需要采取措施来促成续订。在持续运营过程中,注册管理运行机构应当维护相应的联系信息,确保可以将《注册管理机构协议》续订信息发送给相应的联系人。顶级域 (TLD) 不受《注册管理机构基本协议》的约束(例如传统 gTLD),但是它们将受各自《注册管理机构协议》中规定的续订条款的约束。

请注意,如果注册管理运行机构不希望续订《注册管理机构协议》,则注册管理运行机构应遵循终止《注册管理机构协议》的标准流程,并根据《注册管理机构基本协议》第 4.4 节提前 180 天发出通知。


下面简要介绍了针对《注册管理机构基本协议》中的 gTLD 的《注册管理机构协议》续订流程:

  1. ICANN 审核 - 在《注册管理机构协议》初始期限结束前大约 90 至 120 个日历日,ICANN 组织将执行海外资产控制办公室 (OFAC) 检查并审核注册管理运行机构合规性状态,以确保满足续订条件(即,《注册管理机构协议》第 4.2 节中规定的任何例外情况均不适用)。
  2. 终止 - 预计将续订《注册管理机构协议》的注册管理运行机构将会收到《注册管理机构协议》续订函,以告知 TLD 的连续期限开始时间。这些续订函将会发送给注册管理机构主要联系人和法律通知联系人。在可行的情况下,ICANN 组织将为具有相同注册管理机构主要联系人和法律通知联系人的一个或多个 TLD 批量提供一份续订函。对于不续订的《注册管理机构协议》,作为一种相关合规性问题,ICANN 将会提供相应通知。
  3. 管理任务 - 如果发出了续订函,ICANN 组织将在特定于 TLD 的《注册管理机构协议》网页上发布该信函。



  1. 《注册管理机构协议》
  2. 域名服务门户用户指南:联系人更新
  3. 《注册管理机构协议》终止
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."