Skip to main content
Resources

我是 ICANN 新人 — 怎么办?

虽然您才开始参与 ICANN,但请记住,每个人都曾是新人。曾经,我们在初次浏览 ICANN 网站、参加 ICANN 会议时,在尝试了解 ICANN 工作、多利益相关方模型以及组成 ICANN 社群的所有要素和部分时,同样感到压力山大。

我们此举措的目的很简单:分享我们网站的一些主要部分,方便您浏览和找到快速链接,从而了解 ICANN 使命,了解我们自下而上的多利益相关方模型如何发挥作用,了解如何参与 ICANN 社群。

如果你希望继续 ICANN 之旅,有必要先阅读术语表,以便更好地了解某些词语和概念。Quizlet 软件可用于查找多种语言的各种缩略语。详情可见 http://quizlet.com/ICANNLangs

ICANN 做什么,怎么做?

ICANN 是一个由世界各地成员组成的,致力于保护互联网安全、稳定和可互操作的非营利性公益机构。该组织旨在促进互联网唯一标识符之间的竞争,并为其制定政策。通过协调互联网命名系统,它对互联网的扩展和演进发挥着重要影响。前往 https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/what-2012-02-25-en 深入了解 ICANN

IANA 职能 您应该了解什么?

ICANN 工作的重中之重在于 IANA 职能的运作和管理,详情可见 https://www.iana.org/about

顶级域 (TLD) — 促进消费者选择和竞争 — 所有信息可见 http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/

安全、稳定、可互操作的全球单一互联网 — 详见此处

自下而上的政策制定 — 全凭您做主!

ICANN 由谁做事?

是的,员工在做事,但只是为全球志愿者组成的社群做支持工作。ICANN 多利益相关方模型的所有部门的说明可见:http://www.icann.org/en/groups。这些个人/组织常年工作,不仅限于为 ICANN 会议服务。他们中的大部分会在社群维客分享工作情况,在此您可窥见当前的工作步调和负荷,便能了解我们为什么需要您立即投入,带来自己的经验和声音!详情可见https://community.icann.org/

我明白了一些 — 如何了解更多?

首先,您可以利用我们的在线学习平台,ICANN 学习中心,由 ICANN 的发展和公共责任部 (DPRD) 提供支持,涵盖各种 ICANN 课程:从 ICANN 会议是怎样的,到 ICANN 如何运作,再到组成多利益相关方模型的各个社群组织。个人和组织也能编制自己的课程,所以这个平台每天都会发布新的观点和内容。一些好的新人课程有: 互联网图表指南ICANN 会议新人指南ICANN 新人指南组织新人指南

DPRD 还有其他计划,旨在为参加 ICANN 会议的新人提供支持。DPRD 一直有组织新人周日会和 ICANN 问讯处活动,这些活动会在每次 ICANN 会议期间开展,以帮助新人熟悉 ICANN 及其社群。在为期一天的新人会活动上,大家充分互动,ICANN 员工和社群中的成员积极分享信息、经验和专业知识,帮助新人了解 ICANN 社群及其工作,以及如何参与、投入多利益相关方模型下的政策制定工作并发表自己的观点。

另外,DPRD 还运作两项计划:一是 NextGen@ICANN 计划,该计划旨在提高 ICANN 会议所在地区 18-30 岁的入选学生的参与度并提供计划指导;二是英才计划,该计划通过财务补助和 ICANN 会议快速参与通道,为培养发展中国家/地区的下一代参与多利益相关方模型的能力提供支持。如有兴趣申请这两项计划,请留意 ICANN 首页的"新闻公告"页面,届时将在此处发布申请资讯。

如何亲身体验这一切? 到场或远程参与 ICANN 会议

如果您对如何开始参与 ICANN 有疑问,或希望我们帮忙建立与员工或社群的联系,请发送电子邮件至 engagement@icann.org

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."