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New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Operational Design Phase

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To read and learn more about the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures ODP, please see the information ICANN org has published here.

About the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Operational Design Phase

On 18 February 2021, the Generic Name Support Organization (GNSO) Council voted to approve the New Generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process Final Report (the "Final Report"). The Final Report contains Affirmations, Recommendations, and Implementation Guidance (collectively referred to as "Outputs"). On 24 March 2021, following the approval of the Final Recommendations, the GNSO Council transmitted its Recommendations Report to the ICANN Board.

The Final Report Outputs concern complex operational requirements, and the Board will benefit from further due diligence to evaluate the impact of implementing the Final Report Outputs. Therefore, on 12 September 2021 the ICANN Board directed the ICANN President and CEO to organize the resources required to begin work on the ODP, and to advise the Board when the work of the ODP is initiated within the organization.

The ODP's purpose is to facilitate the Board's determination whether the Outputs contained in the Final Report are in the best interest of the ICANN community or ICANN, in accordance with the ICANN Bylaws1.

As per the Subsequent Procedures Scoping Document, the ODP, conducted by ICANN org, will assess the potential risks, anticipated costs, resource requirements, timelines, dependencies, interaction with the Global Public Interest Framework that is currently being piloted, and other matters related to implementation of the Outputs included in the Final Report. In doing so, the ODP will produce an Operational Design Assessment (ODA) that will be delivered to the Board for its consideration alongside the Final Report Outputs, public comment on the Final Report Outputs, and any other relevant materials.

The Board has requested the ODA be delivered within ten months from the date of initiation, provided that there are no unforeseen matters that could affect the timeline.

The ODP is a transparent process and ICANN community engagement plays an important role. To follow ICANN org's work on the ODP for New gTLD Subsequent Procedures, please see the Work Products section of this webpage. To enquire about opportunities for community feedback please see the Engage section of this webpage.

To review ICANN's Operational Design Phase Process Paper, or to learn more about the overall process, click here.

This high-level timeline of the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Operational Design Phase indicates key milestones including internal ICANN team deliverables, community status updates, and upcoming ICANN public meetings.

This summary timeline of the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Operational Design Phase is an estimate based on a 6-week adjustment from the previous timeline. The timeline includes key milestones including internal ICANN team deliverables, community status updates, and upcoming ICANN public meetings, with the delivery of the Operational Design Assessment (ODA) in December 2022.

Work Products

All work products, including the Operational Design Assessment, once submitted to the Board, will be published in this section.


The New gTLD Subsequent Procedures-ODP is an open and transparent process. All stakeholders are encouraged to share their feedback. Methods for sharing are provided here.

1 ICANN Bylaws, Annex A, Section 9 (a), Any PDP Recommendations approved by a GNSO Supermajority Vote shall be adopted by the Board unless, by a vote of more than two-thirds (2/3) of the Board, the Board determines that such policy is not in the best interests of the ICANN community or ICANN.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."