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Nominating Committee | Members 2005

This page contains some background biographical information about each Nominating Committee member.

Members of the Committee

Marilyn Cade

Marilyn Cade is now the CEO and Managing Director of a small business providing strategy, policy development and advocacy in VoIP, Internet governance, Next Generation Networks, and global IP networking services. She left AT&T in 2004, where she directed domestic and international policy and advocacy. Her particular focus is working at the nexus of technology and public policy in relation to the Internet and its changing role as a critical communications infrastructure, in both US and global forums. She is also actively involved in Internet Governance and WSIS activities, organizing and representing the global business sector.

Ms Cade is an instructor at the USTTI on Internet and Emerging Technology Issues; her course addresses emerging technologies; Internet Governance and ICANN’s role. She is also an advisor to the Voice on the Net (VON) Coalition, supporting domestic and international public policy initiatives involving the emergence of VoIP.

Ms Cade was involved in organizing and directing industry’s involvement in many of the early Internet self governance initiatives, including America Links UP, GetNetWise, PositivelyBroadband, the OnLine Privacy Alliance, the Ad Hoc Cyber-Crime Coalition and ICANN. She played a key role in organizing industry to consult with governments regarding the private sector management of the DNS and IANA functions. She has been continuously involved in ICANN and is both an elected officer of the Commercial and Business Constituency (BC), now representing small enterprises and elected BC Councilor to the gNSO Council. Marilyn is past chair of ICANN’s DNSO Transfers Task Force and past co-chair of the first WHOIS Task Force. She serves on the current WHOIS Task Force of the gNSO. She also participates in the WSIS Working Group at ICANN, and served as lead organizer and facilitator for the Amsterdam Consultation on the ICANN Strategic Plan.

Ms Cade is the chair of the Global Public Policy Committee, ITAA; VoIP/IP Telephony rapporteur at ITU Study Group 3; and Founder/Chair, Positively Broadband Campaign, She has extensive experience in multilateral organizations, such as ITU, WIPO, OECD, CITEL, and APEC. For over three years, she served on a private sector advisory council for the Director General of WIPO, with a focus on creating a balanced approach to IPR.

Ms Cade holds a B.S. in Sociology, Southwest Missouri State College/University of Missouri; a M.S.W. in Organizational Development, St Louis University, Missouri and has done additional work toward a Ph.D in organizational development and group work.

Ms Cade serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Commmercial and Business Users Constituency.

Jean-Jacques Damlamian

Jean-Jacque Damlamian retired from France Telecom in May 2004. He has kept a position as Special Advisor to the CEO of France Telecom and is involved in series of occupations such as consulting and voluntary positions.

Until his retirement, Mr Damlamian was Senior Vice President Corporate Technology and Innovation in charge of the Group R&D activities, the Directorate of Innovation and the Directorate of the Intellectual Property and Licensing. From 1996 – 2002, he was Group Executive of the Development Branch, in charge of Strategy, International Business Development, R&D and Information Systems. During this period he was the sponsor of all the changes brought by the Internet to the business of France Telecom: introducing high speed internet (ADSL) in the offering portfolio, and using the Internet technologies in all company processes.

From 1991 – 1995, he was Senior VP Marketing and Sales for France Telecom. He established an organization based on product lines and Market divisions, launched the ISP business of France Telecom and created what later became Wanadoo. From 1989 – 1991, he was Group VP, International and Industrial Affairs. Under his management, France Telecom established strategic points of presence in the world and invested in overseas networks (Telecom Argentina and Telmex in Mexico). From 1988 - 1989 he was VP Mobile Services for France Telecom. He launched the GSM-network program under the name of Itineris which became later known as Orange. Prior to 1988 he worked in various divisions in France Telecom (R&D laboratory CNET, Local and Long Distance Networks Operations, Overseas Networks) and at the headquarters as a personal assistant to the Chief Executive Officer.

Mr. Damlamian has served on the Board of Directors of Palm (which became later PalmOne) since 2000. He served also on the Board of Directors of Bull SA from 1996 to 2004 , and on the Supervisory Board of Eutelsat SA as its Chairman from 2001 to 2004.

Jean-Jacques Damlamian graduated from the Ecole Polytechnique (X61) and the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications (1966). He is Recipient of the French Legion of Honour, the National Merit Order and the "Palmes Académiques.” He is also a Member of IEEE.

Mr. Damlamian served as the non-voting Chair of the Nominating Committee in 2004 and is special adviser to the Chair in 2005.

Alan Davidson

Alan Davidson is Associate Director at the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT), a Washington D.C. non-profit group working to promote civil liberties and human rights on the Internet and other new digital media. He works broadly on issues relating to Internet policy including free speech and censorship, copyright and Internet governance. Mr. Davidson is currently leading a major new initiative at CDT focused on the public interest issues surrounding copyright and digital rights management.

Mr. Davidson has been a Visiting Scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Program in Science, Technology and Society. He is currently also an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's Communications, Culture, and Technology Program.

Mr. Davidson serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the At Large Advisory Committee .

Richard Draves

As a Senior Researcher and Research Area Manager at Microsoft Research in Redmond, Richard Draves leads the Systems and Networking research area. His area comprises groups working in the areas of distributed systems, operating systems, computer networking, sensor networking, security, and systems management. Most recently he has contributed personally to a mesh networking project. Previously he worked on IPv6 for five years, first developing a prototype IPv6 network stack and working with the IETF on IPv6 standards and then working with Windows Networking to ship the stack in Windows XP, .NET Server, and CE .NET. Mr Draves currently serves as the IAB's Executive Director and he has also participated in the IETF's nominating process, first as a voting member of the IETF NomCom and then as Chair and finally as a non-voting advisor.

Mr Draves joined Microsoft in June 1992 from graduate school as one of the early members of Microsoft Research. Way back before the Internet tidal wave, he worked for a year as a development lead in Microsoft's ITV organization, productizing his research work with the MMOSA operating system. He holds a PhD in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon and a Master of Computer Science and Bachelors of Mathematics from Harvard. He was a Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Fellow and is a past member of the Defense Science Study Group. Rich is currently a member of the SIGCOMM program committee and he occasionally contributes time to other professional activities. In his spare time, Mr Draves enjoys mountain climbing. In a recent trip to the Alps, he summitted Mt Blanc, the Matterhorn, and assorted other 4000m peaks. He also enjoys skiing, windsurfing, table tennis, contract bridge, and spending time with his wife and two daughters.

Mr Draves serves a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the IAB for IETF.

Jayantha Fernando (Associate Chair)

Jayantha Fernando is an Attorney by profession and holds a specialized Masters Degree in Information Technology & Communications Law from the University of London.

During the period 1994/95 he was elected to work as a Judicial Intern to Hon Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. Since 1995 he has been was involved in all ICT related legal reforms undertaken by the Government of Sri Lanka participating and assisting the drafting of the Computer Crimes Bill, the e-Transactions Bill and he is presently involved in preparing a Model Code of Practice on Data Protection. In 2003/2004 he also served as a Consultant to the USAID funded ICT Legal Reforms project at SADC Secretariat ( South Africa).

In 1999 Jayantha was awarded a fellowship by the US Government to undertake an extensive study program on Information Technology and Law in USA, with emphasis on IPR issues. In January 2002 he was awarded the prestigious British Chevening Scholarship of the UK Government to pursue LLM studies at the University of London. He has published several papers in ICT Law, for one of which he was awarded the Gold Medal as being the best paper in the field of IT Law.

He also lectures extensively on ICT Law and is a lecturer and examiner at the Sri Lanka Law College and is visiting faculty of University of Colombo School of Computing (

His legal practice is essentially focused on ICT Law ranging from negotiating large ICT project Agreements to Software licensing to Telecommunications Interconnection issues. He currently works as the Legal Advisor at the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka ( and is a Member of the Board of LK Domain Registry (

Catherine Gabay

In 1987, Catherine Gabay received a Master’s degree in electronic engineering (specialization in control systems) from Supelec (Ecole Supérieure d’Electricité) in France. Consecutively, she graduated and obtained a Master of Science in Communications, with distinctions, at Imperial College, London.

Ms Gabay started her career as a systems engineer in image processing in Aerospatiale, Thomson CSF then Trilogie, from 1988 to 1994. In the period 1992 to 1994, she studied to receive a postgraduate professional degree in Industrial Marketing and a postgraduate professional degree in International Trade at CNAM (Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers) in Paris (through evening courses).

In 1994, she joined France Telecom Worldwide Networks and Services as a project engineer of management systems (billing system and network management system). In 1996, she transferred to Global One, then joint venture between France Telecom, Deutsche Telekom and Sprint to follow the building of its international network and the developments of its services, as project Director of the billing system for all voice products.

In September 1997, Ms Gabay became responsible for regulatory affairs in the Public Affairs department of France Telecom for the domains of numbering, naming, addressing and interconnection. She held responsibilities in these domains, both at the national and international levels. In May 2000, she held the position of Director Regulatory Affairs of WANADOO SA. She was then in charge of regulatory and governance aspects of multimedia services and the Internet.

Since December 2001, Catherine GABAY holds the position of Director – Innovation, Research and New Technologies of MEDEF, the French Business Confederation. She is in charge of subjects related to innovation, intellectual property and e-business. MEDEF, which represents over 750 000 French companies of all sizes and in all sectors of business (industry, trade and services), is responsible for conducting any research and actions in the mutual interests of business.

Ms Gabay serves a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Commercial and Business Users Constituency.

Hartmut Richard Glaser

Hartmut Richard Glaser is Assistant Professor at the Escola Politécnica (Engineering Faculty) of the University of São Paulo since 1968.

He has been Coordinator of ".br Registry Services" and Coordinator of Brazil’s NIR for IP addresses since 1996. He also serves as Director (Treasurer) of LACNIC and AC/ASO Member for the LACNIC Region.

Mr Glaser serves a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Council of the Address Supporting Organization.

Dr. Rainer Händel

Dr Rainer Händel works within the Siemens Information and Communication Networks Group as a director of standards coordination. He holds a doctorate in physics from the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. He joined Siemens in 1978 where he was engaged in software development for switching systems, in concepts and standardisation of broadband networks, and in the analysis of the liberalisation and deregulation of telecommunication markets. From October 1994 till the end of 1995 he was a member of the Planning Board of the German Foreign Office in Bonn (with a focus on the societal impact of new information and communication technologies). He has been an active member of several international standardisation organisations such as ITU and ETSI for a long time and is the author of several technical articles and a book on broadband networking.

Dr Händel participated in the preparation and execution of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) as the German industry representative. During the WSIS process the subject of Internet governance, which includes the current and future role of ICANN, has appeared as one of the most contentious issues to be resolved till WSIS II in 2005. To this aim, many institutions are contributing, for example the International Chamber of Commerce’s Advisory Committee on Internet Governance and the UN ICT Task Force.

Dr Händel is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce Advisory Committee; he also participated in, and submitted a paper to, the recent UN ICT Task Force Global Forum on Internet Governance.

Dr. Händel serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the selected by Technical Liaison Group.

Jeanette Hoffman

Jeanette Hofmann , PhD in political science, is program leader for Internet Governance at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB) (Social Science Research Center Berlin) continuing research of the project group "Kulturraum Internet" which she co-founded in 1994.

She held a temporary position as professor in the Department of Political Science for Politics and Communication at the University Duisburg-Essen from 2003-2004.

She is co-coordinator of the WSIS Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus, and a member of the WSIS German Civil Society Coordination Group. As such, she has been a representative of this group in the German Government Delegation to the World Summit on the Information Society.

In 2003 she was a member of the editorial group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)´s “problem statement” working group and has co-authored one of the internet drafts of this working group.

Since 2003 she has been a member of the Committee for Communication and Information of the German Chapter of UNESCO ( Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission e.V.) and since 2002, a member of the academic advisory board of the Federal Agency for Civic Education. In 2001 she participated in the international NGO and Academic ICANN Study (NAIS) group which was formed to explore public participation in ICANN. In 2000 she was a member nominated candidate for the ICANN election.

She has done research on IETF and the development of IPv6, on ICANN and the DNS. At present she leads a study on ENUM.

Ms Hoffman serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the At Large Advisory Committee.

Rodney Joffe

Rodney Joffe is the Chairman, Founder and Chief Technology Officer of UltraDNS Corporation ( His operational responsibilities include defining and guiding the development of all technical initiatives within the company, as well as interaction with the standards bodies and working groups in the IETF, telecommunications, and network world.

Mr Joffe has been involved in the IT world since 1973 when he trained as a systems analyst and programmer in the Pensions Actuarial group of the Old Mutual Life Insurance Company in Cape Town, South Africa. After co-founding Printronic Corporation of America (UK) Pty. LTD. in London, England, in 1977, he opened American Computer Group (ACG) - the first of his US based companies - in Los Angeles in 1983. He is still very involved in ACG as both the Chairman and acting CEO. ACG is one of the leading Data Processing Service Bureaus in the Direct Response advertising and marketing industry.

In the early 1990’s, following the NSF disgorgement of commercial Internet traffic from the NSFNet, He launched Internet Media Network as the Internet division of ACG. In March of 1994, he established the first web-based online presence of a traditional mail-order company, Robert Redford’s Sundance Catalog. In 1996 in partnership with Bechtel Enterprises, Internet Media Network was renamed Genuity, which then went on to became one of the largest ISP Data Center Operators in the world. The company was driven by Hopscotch™, invented and patented by Mr Joffe, and the very first formal content distribution and load balancing technology. He remained as the Chief Technical Officer of Genuity until the end of 1997 when Genuity was acquired by GTE Corporation. He was then appointed Vice-President, Strategic Technologies, and Chief Technology Officer of the Business Services division of GTE Internetworking.

Following his retirement from GTE Internetworking in 1999, he returned to Phoenix, Arizona, where he founded CenterGate Research Group, a technology think-tank that became the birthplace of UltraDNS, Catbird Networks, and a number of community focused services including Geektools ( and the project.

Mr Joffe sits on the boards of a number of technology companies, including Scientific Monitoring (, an aerospace software company, and Plasmanet, one of the largest Internet database marketing networks. He is also an active member of the Faculty Advisory Board of the USC Viterbi School of Engineering in Los Angeles.

Mr Joffe serves as a non-voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC).

Lars-Johan Liman

Lars-Johan Liman, M.Sc, works as Senior Systems Specialist at Autonomica AB, computer consultants in Stockholm, Sweden, daughter company to Netnod Internet Exchange. Following his graduation at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, he worked for 8 years at its Network Operations Centre, from where three European Internet backbones were managed. The NOC also housed the world's first DNS root name server outside the USA, and Lars-Johan became responsible for its operation at an early stage. Now, more than 10 years later, he still is, although the server is now housed at the major Internet exchange point in Stockholm.

Over the years, Lars-Johan has specialized in the domain name system, starting with administration of DNS databases and continuing with the more theoretical side of things like operational issues, registration of domain names, and standardization of protocols. He has participated in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Réseaux Internet Protocol Européens (RIPE) for more than 10 years, and he participated in the creation of the current domain name registry for .SE, and in the early days of ICANN as a member of the gtld-MOU Policy Oversight Committee (POC). His current connection to ICANN is as member of its Root Server System Advisory Committe, and he has previously served on the programme committee for the ICANN meeting in Marina del Rey in 2001.

Mr Liman serves as a non-voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC).

Mark McFadden

Mark McFadden teaches in the Internet Technologies and Information Security Program at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee.  He has a particular interest in addressing, numbering and naming issues related to convergence technologies.  He is currently doing research in the area of addressing requirements for multihoming in complex IPv6 networks.  Previously, he was Chief Technology Officer at the Commercial Internet eXchange, a global industry trade association for internet Service Providers.  Prior to that, Mark was a senior networking engineer in ISPs and in large scale public-sector networks.  He is an active contributor to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), as well as other Internet and telecommunications standards bodies.  Currently, Mark is the Secretariat for the ISPCP Constituency in the Generic Names Supporting Organization.  He is also a member of the technical advisory committee for implementation of enum in North America.  He was formerly chairperson of the Address Council in the ICANN Address Supporting Organization.   

In addition to his work on Internet standards and governance, he works with Internet-based businesses and telecommunications companies to help them leverage new technologies for building services that focus on goals of customer benefit and revenue potential.

Mr McFadden lives in Madison, Wisconsin ( US) with his wife, two teenage children and a teeming menagerie of small animals.

Mr McFadden serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Internet Service Providers Constituency.

Ram Mohan

Ram Mohan is Vice President, Business Operations & Chief Technical Officer of Afilias Limited . At Afilias, Ram is responsible for the stable operation and support of the . INFO and . ORG global TLDs, and the .IN, .BZ, .SG, .LA, .AG, .GI, .SC, .HN country code TLDs.

With Mr Mohan’s guidance, Afilias was the first to implement an XML-based "thick" registry running on the new Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP), and was the first to complete the largest transition of a domain registry when it successfully transitioned . ORG from VeriSign Global Registry Services on behalf of the . ORG registry operator, the Public Interest Registry.

Before joining Afilias in September 2001, he was at Infonautics Corp., a pioneering online database and content distribution company. He has held various leadership positions at Infonautics, including Interim COO, CTO and VP, Product Marketing. He is the founder of the award-winning CompanySleuth product. He helped architect Electric Library , the United States' most used online reference database in schools and libraries, and , the first free encyclopedia on the Internet. Prior to joining Infonautics, Mr Mohan worked with First Data Corporation, Unisys Corporation and KPMG Peat Marwick in a variety of leadership, engineering and technology positions.

Mr Mohan has been active in the ICANN community, serving on the ICANN Security and Stability Committee (SSAC), the 2005, 2004 and 2003 ICANN Nominating Committees, Redemption Grace Period (RGP) implementation task force, the GNSO WHOIS task force, the Internationalized Domain Name ( IDN) registry implementation committee. In 2003, He was named one of the Philadelphia Business Journal’s 40 under 40. Mr Mohan also serves on the Board of the Philadelphia-based Metropolitan Career Center , serves on the advisory boards of several Philadelphia-area startup companies, and is actively interested in cancer-related nonprofits. Mr. Mohan’s interests are in the proliferation of the Internet, with a special focus on developing nations, and in local languages.

Mr Mohan serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the gTLD Registry Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organization.

Elliot Noss

Elliot Noss is the President and CEO of Tucows Inc. He joined Tucows in 1997 as VP Corporate Services and was appointed president & CEO of Tucows Inc. in May 1999. During his tenure, Tucows has grown its Internet software and application downloads business; created the wholesale domain name registration market with the launch of OpenSRS and rapidly expanded Tucows offering of wholesale services and back office systems to global Internet service providers.

Noss chairs the University of Toronto's Department of Computer Science Advisory Board. He has a BA from the University of Toronto and an MBA and LLB from the University of Western Ontario.

Mr Noss serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the gTLD Registry Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation.

Simbo Ntiro

Simbo Ntiro is independent management consultant focused on digital opportunities for Tanzania’s development. Professionally he services a number of clients in the international development partner arena, not-for-profit organizations, governments in the region, and specific private sector organizations. He is a G8 DOT Force alumnus and participates in the UN ICT Task Force and is active on a number of working groups implementing the Genoa Plan of Action and in improving progress achieving the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. In addition, he is part of the Tanzania technical team that prepared its involvement in the Geneva WSIS event in December 2003 having attended PrepCom3. He is a member Tanzania’s Ministry of Communications and Transport National ICT Task Force that drafted the first National ICT Policy, and of the Implementation Task Force that submitted to Government, sector-wide ICT Policy Implementation Plans for Tanzania’s National ICT Policy that was approved by Cabinet in March 2003.

Mr Ntiro is acknowledged as an influential expert on matters pertaining to “e”, ICT for Development and the digital divide. He is also a founding member of Tanzania’s eThink Tank (with over 900 members), the vibrant focal point for ICT and development issues in Tanzania. He also manages a number of other discussion fora related to ICT and development. He sits on a number of steering committees of ongoing ICT projects being executed by various entities. He is the founding Vice Chairman of the Tanzanian Chapter of the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA). He is a founder of the Tanzanian Free and Open Source Software Association that contributed to the localization of Linux and Open Office into Kiswahili, and has founded several other associations and organizations that contribute to reducing the digital divide in Tanzania. He is also a contributing author to a book project for the University of Maryland focused on the Tanzanian Case Study entitled “Negotiating the Net – Diffusion of the Internet.”

He sits on the Board of Directors of SchoolNet Africa, a pan-African NGO headquartered in South Africa and is on the Finance Committee of the Board. SchoolNet Africa is charged with continent-wide interventions in the education system focused on deploying ICT to improve learning systems and is currently in negotiations with NEPAD to become the implementing agency for NEPAD’s eSchools Initiative. Mr Ntiro is a member of the Consultative Group of Experts Committee established by NEPAD’s eAfrica Commission.

Mr Ntiro serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the At Large Advisory Committee

Adam Peake

Adam works at the Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), a research institute located in Tokyo.

Adam has been living in Japan since 1989 and joined GLOCOM in April 1993. His interests are the intersection of public policy and the Internet, and promoting information and communication technologies in society.

Adam participated in the G8 DOT Force where GLOCOM was the Japanese NPO representative. Adam has co-led GLOCOM's work on the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), including GLOCOM's role as facilitator of NGO/Civil Society participation in the Asia and Pacific Regional WSIS Conference, January 2003, and WSIS Thematic meeting "Tokyo Ubiquitous Network Conference", May 2005. He is a coordinator of the WSIS Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus, and a member of the Public Interest Registry Advisory Council

Before coming to Japan, Adam was employed at British Telecom as a project manager working on the interconnection of Other Licensed Operators (cellular radio, radio paging and competitive telephony carriers.)

Mr Peake serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the At-Large Advisory Committee.

George Sadowsky (Chair)

George Sadowsky received an A.B. degree in Mathematics from Harvard College and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Economics from Yale University.

After spending 1958-1962 as an applied mathematician, his career concentrated on applying computers to economic and social policy, leading academic computing and networking organizations, and making the Internet useful throughout the world. During 1966-1970 he founded and directed the Computer Center at the Brookings Institution in Washington; from 1970-73 he did economic research at the Urban Institute leading to his Ph.D, dissertation on the subject of micro-analytic simulation of the household sector.

During 1973-86 at the United Nations, he supported the transfer of information technology to developing countries. He has done work in about 50 developing countries and continues to do so. Among other things, he introduced the use of microcomputers for census data processing in Africa in 1979, and he worked in China during 1982-1986s supporting the computing activities of the 1982 Census of Population and Housing.

From 1986 to 2001, he directed academic computing and networking activities, first at Northwestern University and then at New York University. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, UNDP, the Swiss Government, and a number of foundations. He was a Board member of AppliedTheory Corporation and was a Trustee of the Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN) and the New York State Educational and Research Network (NYSERNet). He was actively involved in World Bank activities during 1996-2002 as a member and Coordinator of the Technical Advisory Panel for the infoDev program, as well as in UNDP and USAID activities. In 1994, he and Larry Landweber formulated the USAID's Leland Initiative for Internet connectivity in 20 African countries. He has been a member of the Internet Society Board of Trustees (1996-1999 and 2000-2004) and has served ISOC as Vice President for Conferences (1996-1998) and Vice-President for Education (1998-2001). He headed a group of ISOC volunteers who defined and conducted the ISOC Developing Country Network Training Workshops from 1993 through 2001. He has written and lectured extensively on ICTs and development.

In 2001, he became the Executive Director of the Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI), which has directed Internet policy reform projects in 16 developing countries. He also serves as the Senior Technical Adviser within USAID's dot-GOV program for the Internews Consortium, providing ICT policy assistance to the developing world (see for more information).

Jose Ovidio Salgueiro

Jose Ovidio Salgueiro, got his law degree at Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Caracas) in 1989 and has been a practicing lawyer since with Volpe Ardizzone & Salgueiro. His primary practice at that time was intellectual property. Since, Salgueiro has done post graduate work in commerical law at the Universidad de Salamanca in Spain, and Universidad Católica Andrés Bello in Caracas, Venezuela.

From 1996 to 1999 he served as a Member of the Board of Directors of Banco Guayana of Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela and since 2003 is a member of the Board of Directors of the Venezuelan Association of Intellectual Property Agents (COVAPI).

Since 1997 , Mr Salgueiro was one of the first attorneys in the country to study informatics and computer law attending several courses abroad and teaching in Venezuela. In 2000, he presented the first domain name case before local authorities.

Mr Salgueiro has been a professor in informatics and computer law at Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Caracas), Instituto de Altos Estudios Diplomaticos Pedro Gual (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Universidad Católica del Táchira (San Cristobal) and Escuela Nacional de Administración y Hacienda Pública (ministry of Treasury) all in Venezuela, and has been a lecturer on same topics in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Perú and Argentina.

He has served as an Advisor of the Superintendent of Electronic Signatures of Venezuela, and as the Academic Director of the Venezuelan Association on Informatics Law. He is the co-writer of the Data Messages and Electronic Signature Law of Venezuela and its regulations and member of the staff of Informatics Law Community Alfa-Redi.

Mr Salgueiro is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the At Large Advisory Committee.

Michael Silber

Michael Silber is a director of the .za Domain Name Authority, the entity responsible for the administration of the .za ccTLD, having been appointed as such by the South African Minister of Communications in 2003.

He is a South African lawyer focused on Technology and Telecommunications Law and currently works on authentication and electronic signature related issues.

He was involved in the South African Electronic Communications and Transactions Act legislative process that brought the .za Domain Name Authority into being and has been intimately involved in the redelegation of responsibility for the .za ccTLD to this Authority.

Mr Silber has been involved in a number of South African and African Internet related organisations and initiatives, including Namespace .za, the South African Internet Service Providers’ Association, the African Internet Service Providers’ Association (AfrISPA) and is a founding member of the South African chapter of the Internet Society (ISOC-ZA).

Mr Silber is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Country Code Names Supporting Organisation.

Stefano Trumpy

Stefano Trumpy is presently a research manager at the Institute for Informatics and Telematics of the National Research Council (CNR) of Italy. His present interests concern the field of “Internet governance”. He is the Italian delegate and vice-chair of the Govermental Advisory Committee to ICANN. Currently is President of the Italian chapter of ISOC. Guest editor of the September 2004 Special Issue of the Proceedings of IEEE on “Evolution of Internet Technologies”.

After graduation in engineering in 1969 at Pisa university, he joined the Italian National Council for Research (CNR); has worked in computer languages, interactive operating systems, computer applications, networking and telematics.

From 1983 to 1996 he was the Director of CNUCE, a large CNR research Institute in ICT in Pisa.

In 1985as Director of the CNR institute CNUCE in Pisa, he was instrumental in the installation of the first permanent link to ARPAnet in Italy (the 4 th in Europe). From 1984 to 1990,Mr Trumpy managed the EARN (European Academic Research Network) in Italy.

Mr Trumpy:was the President of TERENA (Trans European Research and Education Networking Association) from 1995-1999. He was in charge of the .it ccTLD registry from its creation in 1987 to 1999. He was among the founders of the Internet Society (ISOC) which was established in 1992 and from 1992 to 1997 he was the Technical Coordinator of the UNESCO project “Regional Informatics Network for Africa”

Mr Trumpy is a non-voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Govermental Advisory Committee.

Kiyoshi I. Tsuru

Kiyoshi Tsuru is a Partner with Bello, Escalante, Morales y Tsuru, S.C., where he heads the Intellectual Property, Technology Law, Privacy and Cyberlaw practice. He serves as Panelist for the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Kiyoshi is the Mexico Country Manager for the Business Software Alliance, and a member of the Advisory Committee of NIC México.

In the ICANN realm, Mr Tsuru has served on the GNSO, the ccNSO Advisory Group, the WHOIS Steering Group and WHOIS TF3. He has been the Vice President of the Intellectual Property Constituency (IPC), Chair of the ICANN WG at the American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA), and Representative of the Mexican Group at the International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AIPPI).

Mr Tsuru has also been co-Director of the Chilling-Effects Clinic, George Washington University Chapter, Director of the Program for Advanced Legal Studies in Intellectual Property Law and High Technology Law at ITAM, Mexico City, and Visiting Scholar at the George Washington University Law School. He currently teaches Intellectual Property and Cyberspace Law

Mr Tsuru obtained his Law Degree from Universidad Iberoamericana, his Master’s Degree in Intellectual Property Law from The George Washington University Law School, and is currently writing a Doctoral Dissertation regarding Digital Copyright, in the same University.

Mr Tsuru is a voting member of the Nominating Comité, selected by the Intellectual Property Constituency.

Florencio I Utreras

Dr. Florencio I. Utreras is the Executive Director of CLARA, the Latin American Cooperation of Research Networks. Dr. Utreras graduated in Mathematical Engineering from the University of Chile in 1975 and received a Doctor of Engineering degree from Université de Grenoble, France, in 1979. Before joining REUNA (the Chilean Research Network which he helped to create) in 1992, he was a full professor of Applied Mathematics of the University of Chile in Santiago and had been Visiting Professor at several universities and research centers in Europe ( France, Italy) and the United States.

In Chile he has been a founder of the Association of Internet Service Providers (API) and is a Member of its Board. He has also been Member of the Presidential Commission for Information Technology from 1999 to 2001. At the Latin American Level he has contributed to the creation of the ENRED Organization an early organization promoting the use of Internet in the Region, he was also a founder of LACNIC, the Latin American Registry and more recently he contributed decisively to the creation of CLARA. At the International Level Dr. Utreras has been Chair of the Program Committee of INET’99 and Chair of the Local Organizing Committee for the ICANN Meeting in Chile in 1999.

Dr. Utreras has been involved in Research Networking since 1987 and has been awarded several prizes for his contribution to the dissemination of Internet technology and research networking.

Dr Utreras is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Board to represent the academic and similar organizations.

Frannie Wellings

Frannie Wellings is Program Manager at the Washington, D.C. office of Free Press.  Free Press - -  is a non-profit, non-commercial organization working to craft policies for a more democratic media system and more accessible Internet.  Ms Wellings coordinates Free Press' policy analysis, issue briefings, coalition work, and public education activities.  She focuses on a number of issues, which include promoting community wireless networks and improving policies affecting community radio and access to broadband.

Ms Wellings works with the Champaign-Urbana Community Wireless Network (CUWiN) to remove policy barriers to the implementation of mesh networks and with the Media Access Project, Prometheus Radio Project, and New America Foundation to open spectrum for consumer and community use.  She also supports the Communication Rights in the Information Society (CRIS) campaign initiatives on the UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity. 

Ms Wellings previously served as a Policy Analyst at the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) in Washington, D.C. At EPIC, she analyzed Internet-related policy in ICANN, the OECD, APEC, the US Congress, and the United Nations. She coordinated NGO coalition support for policy developments that improved protections of privacy and freedom of expression. She was also the Director of the Public Voice, a project designed to promote and facilitate the participation of civil society in Internet policy-making.

Specific to ICANN, Ms Wellings is the North American representative to the Executive Committee of the Non-Commercial Users Constituency and serves on the WHOIS task force.  She also participates in the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) civil society caucuses on Internet Governance and on Privacy and Security.

Ms Wellings has a Bachelor of Science from the Arizona State University Barrett Honors College.  She then studied communication policy obtaining a Master of Arts from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.

Ms Wellings serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Non-Commercial Users Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."