Skip to main content
Resources

صفحة المعلومات المتعلّقة بإلغاء اتفاقية السجل

هذه الصفحة متوفرة باللغات:

يرجى ملاحظة أن النسخ الأنكليزية لكافة المحتوى والوثائق المترجمة تعتبر هي النسخ الرسمية وإن الترجمات باللغات الأخرى هي للأغراض المعلوماتية فقط.

وبما يتفق مع التزام ICANN بمبدأ الشفافية والوضوح، توفّر هذه الصفحة الإلكترونية معلومات حالية بخصوص إلغاء اتفاقية السجل. للحصول على قائمة باتفاقيات السجل التي تم إنهاؤها، يرجى زيارة صفحة اتفاقيات السجل المنتهية.

عملية إلغاء الاتفاقية

وفقًا لما تنصّ عليه اتفاقية سجل برنامج gTLD الجديد، يمكن لأي من الطرفين إنهاء الاتفاقية بموجب المتطلبات الحالية المدرجة في اتفاقية السجل، بما في ذلك على سبيل المثال لا الحصر:

  • القسم 4.3 - الإنهاء من قبل ICANN
  • القسم 4.4 - الإنهاء من قبل مشغّل السجل

بموجب الأقسام السابق ذكرها، وفي حال قيام أي من الطرفين بإلغاء الاتفاق وبعد التشاور مع مشغل السجل، يتعين على ICANN اتخاذ ("قرار أولي") يقتضي تحديد توافق سير عملية انتقال السجل الى مشغل السجل التالي مع عملية نقل السجل أو عدم توافقها.

ولتجنب أي شكوك، لن يمنع قرار ICANN الأولي من تفويض gTLD بموجب عملية طلب مستقبلية لتفويض نطاقات المستوى الأعلى، وفقا لأي عمليات أو إجراءات معارضة تقوم بها ICANN فيما يتعلق بعملية الطلب تلك والتي تهدف إلى حماية حقوق الجهات الأخرى.

ستنشر الإخطارات وقرارات ICANN والتقارير المتعلّقة بإنهاء اتفاقية السجل على هذا الموقع الإلكتروني. يمكن للأطراف المهتمة أن تراجع وتقدّم تعليقاتها بخصوص تقرير ICANN الأوّلي عبر إرسال تعليقاتها إلى البريد الإلكتروني ra-termination-comments@icann.org. الموعد النهائي لاستلام التعليقات المتعلّقة بالقرار الأوّلي متاح في جدول "إشعارات الإنهاء وحالة نطاق المستوى الأعلى العام gTLD" الموضّح أدناه. يمكن استعراض التعليقات على الموقع الإلكتروني http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/ra-termination-comments/.

إشعارات الإنهاء وحالة نطاق المستوى الأعلى العام gTLD

عرض تفاصيل الإنهاء

Date of Termination Notice gTLD (Registry Operator) Type of Termination Status Comments on Preliminary Determination Documents
26 February 2018 .iwc (Richemont DNS Inc.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Implementation of Final Determination Open Date: 04 April 2018
End Date: 04 May 2018

Termination Notice by Richemont DNS Inc. [PDF, 664 KB] (26 February 2018)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 55.8 KB] (04 April 2018)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 54.7 KB] (22 May 2018)

24 January 2018 .xperia (Sony Mobile Communications AB) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Implementation of Final Determination Open Date: 14 March 2018
End Date: 13 April 2018

Termination Notice by Sony Mobile Communications AB [PDF, 42 KB] (24 January 2018)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 56 KB] (14 March 2018)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 55 KB] (03 May 2018)

19 January 2018 .meo (MEO Servicos de Comunicacoes e Multimedia, S.A.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) TLD Delegation Revoked Open Date: 14 March 2018
End Date: 13 April 2018

Termination Notice by MEO Servicos de Comunicacoes e Multimedia, S.A. [PDF, 191 KB] (19 January 2018)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 56 KB] (14 March 2018)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 55 KB] (03 May 2018)

IANA Revocation Report (21 May 2018)

19 January 2018 .sapo (MEO Servicos de Comunicacoes e Multimedia, S.A.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) TLD Delegation Revoked Open Date: 14 March 2018
End Date: 13 April 2018

Termination Notice by MEO Servicos de Comunicacoes e Multimedia, S.A. [PDF, 193 KB] (19 January 2018)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 56 KB] (14 March 2018)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 55 KB] (03 May 2018)

IANA Revocation Report (21 May 2018)

6 December 2017 .boots (The Boots Company PLC) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 16 January 2018
End Date: 15 February 2018

Termination Notice by The Boots Company PLC [PDF, 52 KB] (6 December 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 82 KB] (16 January 2018)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 60 KB] (07 March 2018)

IANA Revocation Report (05 April 2018)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 51 KB] (04 June 2018)

6 July 2017 .htc (HTC Corporation) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 28 July 2017
End Date: 27 August 2017

Termination Notice by HTC Corporation [PDF, 27 KB] (8 May 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operations of the gTLD [PDF, 82 KB] (28 July 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 81 KB] (12 September 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (9 October 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 51 KB] (2 January 2018)

9 May 2017 .pamperedchef (The Pampered Chef, Ltd.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 5 July 2017
End Date: 4 August 2017

Termination Notice by Pampered Chef, Ltd. [PDF, 55 KB] (4 May 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 82 KB] (5 July 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 84 KB] (17 August 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (17 August 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 60 KB] (3 November 2017)

9 May 2017 .mcd (McDonald's Corporation) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 5 July 2017
End Date: 4 August 2017

Termination Notice by McDonald's Corporation [PDF, 58 KB] (2 May 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 82 KB] (5 July 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 135 KB] (17 August 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (25 August 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 60 KB] (3 November 2017)

9 May 2017 .mcdonalds (McDonald's Corporation) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 5 July 2017
End Date: 4 August 2017

Termination Notice by McDonald's Corporation [PDF, 58 KB] (2 May 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 82 KB] (5 July 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 84 KB] (17 August 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (25 August 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 60 KB] (3 November 2017)

8 May 2017 .montblanc (Richemont DNS Inc.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 16 May 2017
End Date: 15 June 2017

Termination Notice by Richemont DNS Inc. [PDF, 1.53 MB] (8 May 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 160 KB] (16 May 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 59.7 KB] (22 June 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (30 August 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 60 KB] (3 November 2017)

14 Apr 2017 .chloe (Richemont DNS Inc.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 16 May 2017
End Date: 15 June 2017

Termination Notice by Richemont DNS Inc. [PDF, 33 KB] (12 April 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 160 KB] (16 May 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 80.8 KB] (22 June 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (29 September 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 119 KB] (11 October 2017)

12 April 2017 .boots (The Boots Company PLC) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Withdrawn Open Date: 19 June 2017
End Date: 19 July 2017

Termination Notice by The Boots Company PLC [PDF, 1.95 MB] (12 April 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 159 KB] (19 June 2017)

2 Jan 2017 .orientexpress (Orient Express) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 9 Feb. 2017
End Date: 11 Mar. 2017

Termination Notice by Orient Express [PDF, 347 KB] (2 January 2017)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 160 KB] (9 February 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 132 KB] (17 March 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (11 April 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF 106 KB] (30 June 2017)

17 Nov 2016 .mtpc (Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 9 Feb. 2017
End Date: 11 Mar. 2017

Termination Notice by Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation [PDF, 611 KB] (17 November 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 160 KB] (9 February 2017)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 115 KB] (17 March 2017)

IANA Revocation Report (12 May 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF 106 KB] (16 May 2017)

23 Aug 2016 .theguardian (Guardian News And Media Limited) Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 8 Dec. 2016
End Date: 9 Jan. 2017

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 140 KB] (21 Oct 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 142 KB] (8 December 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 139 KB] (27 January 2017)

Notice of Registry Termination [PDF, 106 KB] (17 Feb 2017)

9 Aug 2016 .dwg (Autodesk, Inc.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 19 Dec. 2016
End Date: 19 Jan. 2016

Termination Notice by Autodesk, Inc. [PDF, 665 KB] (9 August 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 164 KB] (19 December 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 116 KB] (27 January 2017)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 106 KB] (3 February 2017)

25 July 2016 xn--4gq48lf9j
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 19 Nov. 2016
End Date: 19 Dec. 2016

Termination Notice by Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. [PDF, 55 KB] (18 October 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 427 KB] (19 November 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 140 KB] (10 January 2017)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 106 KB] (20 January 2017)

5 July 2016 .iinet
(Connect West Pty)
Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 16 Nov. 2016
End Date: 17 Dec. 2016

Termination Notice by Connect West Pty [PDF, 1.3 MB] (30 June 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 153 KB] (16 November 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 115 KB] (19 December 2016)

IANA Revocation Report (19 December 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 107 KB] (23 December 2016)

24 June 2016 .mutuelle (Fédération Nationale de la Mutualité Française) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 4 Nov. 2016
End Date: 5 Dec. 2016

Termination Notice by Fédération Nationale de la Mutualité Française [PDF, 1.9 MB] (21 June 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 155 KB] (4 November 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 115 KB] (16 December 2016)

IANA Revocation Report (15 December 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 105 KB] (21 December 2016)

4 May 2016 .naspers
(Intelprop (Proprietary) Limited)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .payu
(MIH PayU B.V.)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 271 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 153 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .supersport
(SuperSport International Holdings Proprietary Limited)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 153 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .mzansimagic
(Electronic Media Network (Pty) Ltd)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .mnet
(Electronic Media Network (Pty) Ltd)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .kyknet
(Electronic Media Network (Pty) Ltd)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .africamagic
(Electronic Media Network (Pty) Ltd)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .multichoice
(MultiChoice (Proprietary) Limited)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .dstv
(MultiChoice (Proprietary) Limited)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 270 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

4 May 2016 .gotv
(MultiChoice (Proprietary) Limited)
Termination by ICANN Section 4.3(b) Registry Agreement Terminated Open Date: 5 May 2016
Close Date: 4 June 2016

Termination Notice by ICANN [PDF, 336 KB] (4 May 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 338 KB] (5 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 265 KB] (14 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 152 KB] (29 July 2016)

21 Apr 2016 .EMERSON (Emerson Electric Co.) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b) Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 9 September 2016
Close Date: 8 October 2016

Termination Notice by Emerson Electronic Co. [PDF, 24 KB] (21 Apr 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 378 KB] (12 September 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 130 KB] (16 December 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination by ICANN [PDF, 105 KB] (18 October 2016)

12 Feb 2016 .FLSMIDTH (FLSmidth A/S) Termination by Registry Operator Section 4.4(b)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

Open Date: 12 May 2016
Close Date: 11 June 2016

Termination Notice by FLSmidth A/S [PDF, 36 KB] (12 Feb. 2016)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 439 KB] (12 May 2016)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD (7 July 2016)

IANA Revocation Report (22 July 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination (10 August 2016)

3 Sept 2015 .DOOSAN (Doosan Corporation) Termination by Registry Operator (RA 4.4)

TLD Delegation Revoked

Registry Agreement Terminated

View Comments

Open Date: 9 October 2015
Close Date: 9 November 2015

Termination Notice by Doosan Corporation [PDF, 36 KB] (3 Sept. 2015)

Preliminary Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 415 KB] (9 Oct. 2015)

Final Determination by ICANN to Not Transition Operation of the gTLD [PDF, 321 KB] (30 Nov. 2015)

IANA Revocation Report (2 Feb. 2016)

Notice of Registry Agreement Termination [PDF, 319 KB] (1 March 2016)

Termination Statuses (by order of potential occurrence)

Preliminary Determination

ICANN is assessing the impact of the termination and will release a Preliminary Determination on whether or not to transition operation of the gTLD to a successor registry operator.

Open for Comment

ICANN is seeking input from interested parties regarding its Preliminary Determination.

Comments Under Review

The time to provide input regarding ICANN's Preliminary Determination is closed and any submitted comments are under review.

Implementation of Final Determination

After considering comments regarding ICANN's Preliminary Determination, a Final Determination has been made and is being implemented. Possible Final Determinations include the following:

  • Transition to Successor: the Registry Agreement will be terminated and operation of the gTLD will be transitioned to a successor registry operator.
  • Revocation of gTLD Delegation: Registry Agreement will be terminated and the gTLD's delegation will be revoked from the Root Zone. ICANN's Final Determination shall not prohibit the gTLD from becoming available in future new gTLD rounds.

Transition to Successor Registry Operator In Process

ICANN is working to identify a successor registry operator for the gTLD.

TLD Transitioned to Successor

ICANN has successfully completed the process of identifying and transitioning a successor registry operator for the gTLD.

TLD Delegation Revoked

ICANN has completed revocation of the delegation in the Root Zone.

Registry Agreement Terminated

The Registry Agreement between ICANN and the Registry Operator has been terminated.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."