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ICANN Correspondence

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Date Correspondence Sender Affiliation Issue Related Correspondence
15 January 2018 Letter from Göran Marby to Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin [Published 16 January 2018] President and CEO | ICANN General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Letter from Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin to Cherine Chalaby and Göran Marby [Published 06 December 2017]
4 January 2018 Letter from Yong Wan Ju to Jia-Rong Low [Published 15 January 2018] Vice President | Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) Establishment of a partnership center, known as the Internet and DNS Engagement Center in Seoul Letter from Jia-Rong Low to Yong Wan Ju [Published 15 January 2018]
4 January 2018 Letter from Jia-Rong Low to Yong Wan Ju [Published 15 January 2018] Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement & Managing Director - Asia Pacific | ICANN Establishment of a partnership center, known as the Internet and DNS Engagement Center in Seoul Letter from Yong Wan Ju to Jia-Rong Low [Published 15 January 2018]
2 January 2018 Letter from Theresa Swinehart to Middle East Community [Published 3 January 2018] Senior Vice President, Multistakeholder Strategy & Strategic Initiatives | ICANN Middle East ICANN Community Statement Letter from Middle East Space to ICANN Board of Directors [Published 27 November 2017]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."