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Overview of the 35th ICANN Sydney Meeting Fellows


ICANN Fellows from Sydney meeting, 2009 (click photo for full-size image)

ICANN Fellows from Sydney meeting, 2009 (click photo for full-size image)

Sydney Fellows:

Shefqet Meda – Albania
Ruben Raul Diaz Silva – Ecuador
Enkhbold Gombo – Mongolia
Blaise Arbouet – Haiti
Siranush Vardanyan – Armenia
Hago Elteraifi Mohamed Dafalla – Sudan
Richard Misech – Palau
Karlene Collette Francis – Jamaica
Vincent Ikovo Ngundi – Kenya
Pokotoa Ikiua Lalotoa Sipeli – Niue
Bayani Benjamin Lara – Phillippines
Naveed Ul-Haq
Royderitz James Tati – Solomon Islands
Alioune Badara Traore – Mali
Dalsie Baniala – Vanuatu
Ajit Sharma – Fiji
Diana Al-Mahasneh – Jordan
Jeremy Mark Whyte – Jamaica
Scanland Pua Misiepo – Niue
Laeimau Oketevi Tanuvasa – Samoa
Mohammed Al-Dhaifi – Yemen
Tracy Hackshaw – Trinidad and Tobago
Sakaio Manoa – Tuvalu
Rasha Hameed – Iraq
Baudouin Schombe – Democratic Republic of Congo
Nelly Stoyanova – Bulgaria
Baasansuren Burmaa – Mongolia
Charles Gaye – Liberia
David Nduenga Kinsaki – Democratic Republic of Congo
Adriatik Allamani – Albania
Jorge Raul Cabana Acevedo – Paraguay
Michel Stephane Bruno – Haiti

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."