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DotConnectAfrica Trust v. ICANN (Appellate Court Proceeding - 2016)

Order Dismissing Appeals [PDF, 52 KB] 14 December 2016
Appellant ICANN's Reply Memorandum Regarding the District Court's Lack of Jurisdiction [PDF, 178 KB] 7 November 2016
Appellee DCA's Answering Memorandum Regarding the District Court's Lack of Jurisdiction [PDF, 329 KB] 31 October 2016
Appellant ICANN's Memorandum Regarding the District Court's Lack of Jurisdiction [PDF, 330 KB] 21 October 2016
Appellant ZACR's Reply Appellate Brief [PDF, 195 KB] 9 September 2016
Appellant ICANN's Reply Appellate Brief [PDF, 276 KB] 9 September 2016
Dot Registry, LLC Amicus Curiae Brief in Support of Appellee DCA and Supporting Affirmance [PDF, 704 KB] 26 August 2016
Appellee DCA's Answering Appellate Brief [PDF, 668 KB] 19 August 2016
Appellant ZACR's Opening Appellate Brief [PDF, 275 KB] 22 July 2016
Order Granting Motion to Consolidate Appeals and to Amend Appellate Briefing Schedule [PDF, 56 KB] 18 July 2016
Appellant ICANN's Opening Appellate Brief [PDF, 523 KB] 29 June 2016
Appellant ICANN's Amended Notice of Appeal Regarding Preliminary Injunction [PDF, 240 KB] 27 June 2016
Appellant ZACR's Notice of Appeal Regarding Preliminary Injunction [PDF, 244 KB] 24 June 2016
Court Order of Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Regarding Appellate Briefing Schedule [PDF, 54 KB] 13 May 2016
Appellant ICANN's Notice of Appeal Regarding Preliminary Injunction [PDF, 196 KB] 11 May 2016
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."