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This page collects documents from Independent Review Proceedings filed in accordance with Article IV, section 3 of the ICANN Bylaws. They are arranged by initial filing date in descending order.

ICANN Options Following the IRP Declaration on ICM's .XXX Application [PDF, 52KB] 26 March 2010
ICANN Options Map: IRP Declaration - ICM Application for .XXX sTLD [PDF, 56KB] 26 March 2010
Evaluation Decision Process Map: IRP Declaration - ICM Application for .XXX sTLD [PDF, 56KB] 26 March 2010
Independent Review Panel Declaration [PDF, 289 KB]
Portions redacted are from evidence that ICM marked as Confidential when it was presented to the Independent Review Panel.
19 February 2010
ICANN Letter to Panel re ICM Post-Hearing Submission [PDF, 123K] 14 October 2009
ICANN Post-Hearing Brief [PDF, 119K] 13 October 2009
ICM Post-Hearing Brief [PDF, 673K] 13 October 2009

Transcripts of Testimony From ICM Independent Review Proceeding

21-25 September 2009

ICANN's Response to ICM's Memorial on the Merits [PDF, 598K]

8 May 2009
Clerical Corrections to Claimant's Memorial [PDF, 498K] 20 February 2009

ICM's Memorial on the Merits [PDF, 809K]

22 January 2009
ICANN's Response to ICM's IRP Request [PDF, 2,800K] 8 September 2008
ICM's Request for Independent Review Process [PDF, 3,240K] 6 June 2008
ICM's Notice of Independent Review [PDF, 65K] 6 June 2008
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."