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23 April 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: Summarizing our Recent Meeting with Article 29
13 April 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: Soliciting Community Input on Article 29 Guidance
12 April 2018 Announcement: ICANN Receives Data Protection/Privacy Guidance from Article 29 Working Party
10 April 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: An ICANN Update & Most Frequently Asked Questions
29 March 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: Discussion with Article 29 Working Party
28 March 2018 Announcement: ICANN Requests DPA Guidance on Proposed Interim Model for GDPR Compliance
21 March 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues: ICANN61 Wrap-up and Next Steps
8 March 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: More Details Published on ICANN-proposed Interim Model
7 March 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Issues Update: Discussion with Article 29
28 February 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Update: Seeking Input on Proposed Interim Model for GDPR Compliance
14 February 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Update: Latest Developments
25 January 2018 Announcement: Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar Scheduled for 2 February
25 January 2018 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Update: Status of Model Selection and Webinar
12 January 2018 Blog: Data Protection and Privacy Update: Seeking Community Feedback on Proposed Compliance Models
21 December 2017 Blog: Data Protection and Privacy Update – Plans for the New Year
18 December 2017 Announcement: Data Protection/Privacy Update: Response from Legal Firm Hamilton to Community Questions Now Available
8 December 2017 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Update: Guidance on Proposed Model Submissions Now Available
17 November 2017 Blog: Data Protection/Privacy Activity Recap
2 November 2017 Announcement: ICANN Contractual Compliance Publishes Data Protection/Privacy Statement
18 October 2017 Blog: Data Protection and Privacy Update
18 October 2017 GDPR Legal Analysis – Part 1 (Hamilton)
27 September 2017 Announcement: ICANN Webinar: Data Protection/Privacy Activities
11 September 2017 Data Protection and Privacy: Progress Update and Next Steps
25 July 2017 Personal Data "Use" Matrix Now Available for Public Review
24 July 2017 gTLD Registration Dataflow Matrix and Information
13 July 2017 Evolving Data Privacy and Protection Regulations - UPDATE
22 June 2017 Dialogues on the Evolving Data Privacy and Protection Regulations
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."