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Two-Character Letter/Letter Label Comments and Mitigation Measures

As of 13 December 2016, this page is no longer active. Please visit here for more information.

For comments submitted before 6 October 2015, view the archive of comments received.

TLD  Two
Characters
 
Comments from GovernmentLast
updated
 
RO Mitigation PlanRO NameBRAND TLD
wtcirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--flw351eirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--kpu716firView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--pbt977cirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--qcka1pmcirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
zipirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ableirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
booirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
bostikirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
calirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
camirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
cbsirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
channelirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
chintaiirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
dadirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
dayirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
dclkirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
devirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
doctorirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
eatirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ecoirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
esqirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
flyirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
fujixeroxirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
gamesirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gbizirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gdnirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gleirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gugeirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
hangoutirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ikanoirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
jcpirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
mapirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
memeirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
movirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
newirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
phdirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
prodirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
profirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
quebecirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
rsvpirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
searchirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
sfrirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
showtimeirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
totalirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
watchesirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
wtcirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--flw351eirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--kpu716firView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--pbt977cirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--qcka1pmcirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
zipirView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ablemxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
boomxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
bostikmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
calmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
cammxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
cbsmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
channelmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
chintaimxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
dadmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
daymxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
dclkmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
devmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
doctormxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
eatmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ecomxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
esqmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
flymxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
fujixeroxmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
gamesmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gbizmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gdnmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
glemxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
gugemxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
hangoutmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ikanomxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
jcpmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
mapmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
mememxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
movmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
newmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
phdmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
prodmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
profmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
quebecmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
rsvpmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
searchmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
sfrmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
showtimemxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
totalmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
watchesmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
wtcmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--flw351emxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
xn--kpu716fmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--pbt977cmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
xn--qcka1pmcmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17Yes
zipmxView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
ablevnView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No
boovnView Comments
2016-08-17
2016-08-17No

ir Comments

By H.S.Shahhoseini, Advisor of Information Technology Organization of Iran, International Office

Please find following comment which is official statement of Iran ICT Deputy Minister and Head of Information Technology Organization of Iran. Also similar letter has been sent to GAC Secretariat by email.


Dear GAC Secretariat

Re: Requests for Release of Two-Letter Second-Level Domains in gTLDs

As Islamic Republic of IRAN GAC Representative, I would like to express our concerns about the likelihood of confusion between "ir" and the corresponding ccTLD. We, hereby, ask the related authorities to inform us of any request including "ir" and other possibly two character labels which are similar to "ir" in order to concluding an explicit agreement with us for releasing Two-Letter Second-Level Domains in gTLDs.
So again we categorically reject any such release unless our explicit agreement is obtained.

Sincerely yours,
Nasrollah Jahangard
I.R. Iran GAC Representative
Deputy Minister of ICT and
Head of Information Technology Organization of Iran


ir Comments

By Alireza Saleh, Director .ir ccTLD, ccTLD registry of .ir

.ir ccTLD, would like to express its concern about the likelihood of confusion between "ir" and the corresponding ccTLD. .ir ccTLD, hereby, asks the related authorities to inform us of any request including "ir" in order to concluding an explicit agreement with the related Registry Operator.

mx Comments

By Miguel Ángel Muñoz Petrichole, Deputy Director of International Affairs Telecommunications, Secretariat of Communications and Transport

Comments of the Mexican Administrations to the document “Proposed Measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes.”

Mexico considers that the proposed measures are not enough to avoid confusion with corresponding country codes. In contrast, we believe that the release of country codes in the Second Level Domain (SLD) could destabilize the domain name system.

Regarding the proposed measures, Mexico considers the following:

• To maintain the exclusivity of a country code for a 30-day period in favor of the related government does not necessarily contributes to consumer choice or competitiveness. Besides, it could produce additional costs to governments or country code managers who wish to obtain a country code under a new gTLD.
• Likewise, it will require additional efforts and resources to review each new policy that every new gTLD operator publishes.

Mexico considers that the protection of the country codes in the ISO-3166 list should not be released. Having the offer to register a country code as a SLD would foster combinations of domain name registrations in the third level of new gTLDs. This does not contribute to the objective of this round for new gTLDs, in which it sought to increase the available options only at the root level, taking into account that other options of registration already were available and covered by other top level domains (TLDs).

It is worth noting that the initial conception of the DNS, sought to foster the registration of new domain names with a specific orientation of diverse nature: some community-territorial, some other with technical or network orientation, military, commercial, among others*, and the new gTLDs were equally conceived in this sense.

Based on the principle of parsimony, which implicates that entities should not multiple needlessly and should use the available resources; given the existence of ccTLD, which purpose is the identification of a country or community, there would be no need to have it in the SLD under new gTLDs.

*See Postel, J. (1994). RFC1591, available on: https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1591.txt , among other reference documents.

vn Comments

By Le Thi Ngoc Mo, Deputy Director General of Vietnam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA), Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC)

Dear ICANN,

In response to ICANN’s proposal of measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes, we do not agree with the Exclusive Availability Pre-Registration Period as a measure to avoid confusion. The proposed measure is not clear that whether names would be made available to governments at a fee or no charge. In case governments have to pay fees for the protection of their names, it is not resonable and it is impossible to developing countries.

We would like to ask ICANN to keep the reservation of the two character label strings specified in the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 standard. Those strings are released only if the Registry Operator reaches a formal agreement with the related government or country-code manager. Moreover, we believe that every mitigation plan proposed to avoid confusion with the corresponding country code should be subjected to the approval by ICANN only after being approved by the respective government/ccTLD manager.


Best Regards,
Le Thi Ngoc Mo (Ms)
Deputy Director General,
Viet Nam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
Ministry of Information Communications (MIC), Viet Nam.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."