Two-Character ASCII Labels
13 December 2016
Specification 5 Section 2 of the Base Registry Agreement requires two-character ASCII labels be reserved at the second level. Over a two-year period, members of the Internet community, the ICANN Organization, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) and governments, gTLD registries and others, have worked together to establish a framework permitting the release of these labels. The two-year effort ultimately resulted in multiple authorizations, to release from reservation, the two-character labels. Below are links to the varying authorizations.
Authorization for Release of Non-Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels
Effective 1 December 2014, ICANN published a general authorization for release of all non-letter/letter two-character ASCII labels for gTLD Registry Operators. No further actions are required from new gTLD Registry Operators that seek to register and activate these two-character ASCII labels. The authorization is subject to compliance with all other terms of the Registry Agreement applicable to each individual TLD.
View Authorization for Release of Non-Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels [PDF, 142 KB]
Authorization for Release of Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels
Effective 13 December 2016, ICANN published a general authorization for release of all letter/letter two-character ASCII labels for gTLD Registry Operators not previously authorized by ICANN and not otherwise required to be reserved pursuant to Specification 5, Section 6 of the Registry Agreement. The authorization is subject to 1) implementing the "Measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes" included in Appendix A; and 2) compliance with all other terms of the Registry Agreement.
View Authorization for Release of Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels [PDF, 378 KB]
Individual Authorizations for Release of Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels
Prior to 13 December 2016, ICANN had an intermediary process to authorize individual requests, by gTLD, to release letter/letter two-character labels. Effective 13 December 2016, the intermediary process was retired.
For historical information regarding the retired Authorization Process for Release of Two-Character ASCII Labels, please click here.