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ICANN v. EPAG Domainservices, GmbH

ICANN's Plea of Remonstrance [PDF, 2.27 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

17 August 2018

Order from the Higher Regional Court of Cologne, Germany Regarding ICANN’s Immediate Appeal [PDF, 5.33 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

1 August 2018

EPAG's Comment on ICANN's Submission of Letter from European Data Protection Board [PDF, 1.23 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

1 August 2018

ICANN's Supplemental Submission to the Higher Regional Court of Cologne, Germany [PDF, 3.63 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

27 July 2018

Court Order in the Preliminary Injunction Proceedings (signed 16 July 2018) [PDF, 838 KB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

Received 18 July 2018

ICANN's Response to EPAG's Comments on ICANN's Immediate Appeal [PDF, 1.08 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

17 July 2018

Submission of the Intellectual Property Constituency in support of ICANN's Motion for Issuance of a Preliminary Injunction [PDF, 608 KB]

16 July 2018

ICANN's Submission of Letter from European Data Protection Board [PDF, 299 KB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

11 July 2018

EPAG's Comments on ICANN's Immediate Appeal [PDF, 1.7 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

10 July 2018

Letter from Regional Court of Bonn asking EPAG to comment on ICANN's Immediate Appeal (attaching ICANN's Immediate Appeal papers) [PDF, 444 KB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

18 June 2018

Immediate Appeal [PDF, 5.75 MB]

* NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted.

13 June 2018

Court Order on Application for Preliminary Injunction (German) [PDF, 2.82 MB]

*NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted

30 May 2018

EPAG Protective Letter (German) [PDF, 12.2 MB]

28 May 2018

ICANN's Motion for the Issuance of a Preliminary Injunction (German) [PDF, 1.76 MB]

*NOTE: Personal identifiable information has been redacted

25 May 2018

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."