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Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) v. ICANN (.PERSIANGULF)

This page collects documents from the Independent Review Proceeding filed in accordance with Article IV, section 3 of the ICANN Bylaws. They are arranged by initial filing date in descending order.

Final Declaration As To Costs [PDF, 91 KB] 15 December 2016
ICANN's Submission Regarding Allocation of Costs [PDF, 135 KB] 18 November 2016
GCC's Submission Regarding Allocation of Costs [PDF, 84 KB] 18 November 2016
Final Declaration (signed 19 October 2016) [PDF, 2.52 MB]

Received 24 October 2016

19 October 2016
12 April 2016
29 March 2016
14 March 2016
12 February 2016
Amended Procedural Order and Time Table [PDF, 111 KB] 13 January 2016
Interim Declaration on Emergency Request for Interim Measures of Protection [PDF, 3.36 MB] 12 February 2015
20 January 2015
22 December 2014
17 December 2014
Procedural Order No. 1 [PDF, 943 KB] 11 December 2014
GCC's Notice of Independent Review Process [PDF, 657 KB] 5 December 2014
5 December 2014
5 December 2014
5 December 2014
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."