Skip to main content


Number Community Request
FY13-001 APRALO (ALAC) Workshop and APRALO Mini-General Assembly at Regional Internet Governance Forums in Asia, Australia and Pacific [PDF, 327 KB]
FY13-002 APRALO (ALAC) Workshop at IGF 2012 at Baku, Azerbaijan [PDF, 219 KB]
FY13-003 NARALO / EURALO Consumer-Event Focused Outreach [PDF, 143 KB]
FY13-004 AFRALO (ALAC) Virtual Capacity building sessions for AFRALO ALSes [PDF, 113 KB]
FY13-005 AFRALO (ALAC) Workshop at IGF 2012 at Baku, Azerbaijan [PDF, 111 KB]
- IPC Transmittal Letter [PDF, 90 KB]
FY13-006 IPC Funding for an Intercessional Meeting [PDF, 224 KB]
FY13-007 IPC Outreach [PDF, 222 KB]
FY13-008 IPC Secretariat Services [PDF, 223 KB]
FY13-009 IPC Support for IPC Officer Travel to ICANN mtgs [PDF, 223 KB]
FY13-010 ISP Secretariat Services [PDF, 225 KB]
FY13-011 ISP Sponsored attendance at ICANN meetings by ISP & Connectivity Providers from underserved regions [PDF, 224 KB]
FY13-012 ISP Officer Travel to ICANN meetings [PDF, 224 KB]
FY13-013 ISP Constituency outreach and support for continued participation [PDF, 228 KB]
FY13-014 LACRALO (ALAC) Multi-Day Workshop at LACIGF August 2012 [PDF, 151 KB]
FY13-015 NARALO (ALAC) NARALO Toronto Event [PDF, 144 KB]
FY13-016 NCSG-EC NCSG Executive Committee Travel Support [PDF, 204 KB]
FY13-017 SSAC SSAC Annual Retreat 2012 [PDF, 163 KB]
FY13-018 SSAC SSAC Meetings at IETF Meetings [PDF, 162 KB]
FY13-019 SSAC SSAC Member Travel to ICANN Meetings [PDF, 162 KB]
FY13-020 SSAC SSAC Support Staff Travel to ICANN Meetings [PDF, 162 KB]
FY13-021 SSAC SSAC Administrative Committee Face-to-Face Meetings [PDF, 162 KB]
FY13-022 SSAC SSAC Workshop at Internet Governance Forum (IGF) [PDF, 160 KB]
FY13-023 BC Leadership Development from Developing Countries (enhancing business leaders) [PDF, 246 KB]
FY13-024 BC BC Secretariat Travel [PDF, 222 KB]
FY13-025 BC Outreach and Awareness Events [PDF, 232 KB]
FY13-026 BC BC Officer Travel [PDF, 225 KB]
FY13-027 BC BC Newsletter [PDF, 170 KB]
FY13-029 NCUC NCUC Event: Bringing awareness and education about ICANN and its activities [PDF, 167 KB]
FY13-030 NCUC Outreach to Non Commercial Actors in the Developing World [PDF, 224 KB]
FY13-031 EURALO (ALAC) EURALO General Assembly during the the June 2013 EuroDIG meeting [PDF, 165 KB]
FY13-032 EURALO (ALAC) EURALO participation in ICANN Studienkreis (12th edition); 23-24 August 2012 [PDF, 175 KB]
FY13-033 ALAC/At-Large ICANN Academy [PDF, 347 KB]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."