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Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Review


As specified in the Article IX of the Bylaws, the ccNSO is responsible for developing global policies for country-code top-level domains, promoting consensus within the ccNSO community and coordinating with other Supporting Organizations, committees and constituencies.

Status: Implementation

September 2013 The ccNSO updates its implementation plan [PDF, 170 KB] to reflect the implementation of final recommendations.
July 2011 The ccNSO updates its implementation project [PDF, 520 KB] to reflect additional recommendations implemented in Singapore.
June 2011 Singapore Meeting – The Board requests ICANN's CEO to direct Staff to proceed with implementation in accordance with the implementation plan ccNSO Improvements Implementation Project Plan [PDF, 519 KB].
March 2011 Silicon Valley Meeting – The Board receives the final report of the ccNSO review and dissolves the review Working Group. The Board directs the Structural Improvements Committee to present a set of suggested actions for approval at the 24 June 2011 Board meeting.
March 2011

In consideration of the response and following WG discussion, the ccNSO Review WG has updated details in line with the comments, while keeping the report's overall conclusions unchanged, and now releases the final WG review report [PDF, 296 KB]. This report is published pending Board consideration.

[PDF, 867 KB] العربية Français [PDF, 1.65 MB] Español [PDF, 1.03 MB] Русский [PDF, 1.14 MB] 中文 [PDF, 714 KB]
November 2010

The ccNSO Review WG now releases its draft final report [PDF, 787 KB] for public comments. The report will be finalized for Board action after closure of the public consultation phase. Comments will be received until 15 January 2011.

[PDF, 204 KB] العربية Français [PDF, 158 KB] Español [PDF, 151 KB] Русский [PDF, 296 KB] 中文 [PDF, 217 KB]
July 2010 The questions raised during the exchange at ICANN's 38 meeting indicated that the initial timeline allocated for the public comment process would not provide the ccTLDs with sufficient time to submit their written responses to the report. In light of this request for additional time, the WG Members unanimously decides to extend the public comment period to 15 September 2010.
June 2010

At the Brussels meeting, ITEMS International presents its conclusions and recommendations to the community in its Final Report (English [PDF, 5.04 MB]).

[PDF, 4.60 MB] العربية Español [PDF, 4.79 MB] Français [PDF, 4.37 MB] Русский [PDF, 5.04 MB] 中文 [PDF, 7.09 MB]

The report is published for public comment.

The ccNSO requested that ITEMS International release an addendum (English [PDF, 648 KB]) to its report which would extensively disclose all results of the survey/interviews.

January 2009 ITEMS International provides a snapshot [PDF, 164 KB] overview of the survey results.
November – December 2009 The appointed consulting firm - ITEMS International – releases a survey online so as to gather input from informed stakeholders on the key issues inherent to the review.

Following recommendations from the Structural Improvement Committee, the ICANN Board appoints the following individuals to serve on the ccNSO Review Working Group:

  • Vittorio Bertola;
  • Demi Getschko;
  • Ram Mohan;
  • Alejandro Pisanty; and
  • Jean-Jacques Subrenat (Chair).
August 2009 A Request for Proposals [PDF, 172 KB] (RfP) is issued and questions raised during the bidding phase answered.

Reading List

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."