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ccNSO1 Progress and Milestones

The graphic below illustrates phases and status of each review – a Checkmark indicates that all activities within a given phase have been completed. The chart that follows the graphic provides further details of key activities and milestones within each phase. The table also contains links to relevant documents.

ccNSO1 Phase


Phase Activity Description Start Date Documents
Plan Review Appointment of review team members Appointment of review team members 26 Jun 2009
Terms of Reference Document outlining the scope of work adopted by the Board 17 Aug 2009
RFP for Independent Evaluator Request for Proposals for consulting services 17 Aug 2009
Questions and Answers on RFP Questions and Answers received during the bidding phase 17 Aug 2009
Conduct Review Final Report of External Consultant Organisational Review of ICANN's Country Code Names Supporting Organisation Final Report 15 Jun 2010
Addendum to Final Report of External Consultant Addendum: Full written responses to survey on perceptions of the ccNSO prepared by ITEMS International 15 Jun 2010
Public comment on External Consultant's Final Report Public comment on ITEMS International Final Report 15 Jun 2010
Draft Report Draft report posted for public comment 15 Nov 2010
Public Comments on Draft Report Summary of public comments on the ccNSO review draft working group report 25 Jan 2011
Final Report Final report submitted to ICANN Board 4 Mar 2011
Board receipt and action on the Final Report Board action and resolution 18 Mar 2011
External Consultant Survey Snapshot Items International snapshot overview of the survey 28 Jan 2010
Plan Implementation Board receipt of Implementation Plan Board receipt of Implementation Plan 11 Jun 2011
Implement Improvements Details of implementation and periodic updates Information available on the ICANN website 11 Sep 2013
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."