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新闻发布:ICANN 征召伙伴组织以针对紧急情况提供互联网接入服务


洛杉矶——2023 年 2 月 21 日——作为新设的互联网持续接入紧急援助计划的一部分,互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 正在向合格组织机构征集意向书 (Expressions of Interest, EOI)。这些组织的工作重点是在各种灾难和紧急情况下支持当地居民的互联网接入服务和恢复工作。

ICANN 致力于帮助实现一个统一的、全球的、互用的互联网,为世界各地的人们服务。人们正是通过不受阻碍地访问互联网以及信息的自由流动,才可获得知识并接触到多样化的观点和信息。而当及时的信息和交流可能拯救生命之时,这一点尤其关键。

该紧急援助计划旨在当紧急情况(例如自然或人为灾难)发生时,在运营商或其他相关方可能没有资源时,支持人们对互联网基础设施的持续访问。ICANN 将与选定的组织机构进行协调,确定针对每个具体情况,资金援助是否妥当。这类年度捐款总额将不超过 100 万美元。

ICANN 在乌克兰的持续危机中为互联网持续接入服务提供了支持,并计划在此基础上启动这个新计划。

"我们汲取了从乌克兰紧急情况中获得的经验,设立了一个紧急援助计划,使我们能够响应导致互联网接入中断的新的或持久的合格事件,"ICANN 临时总裁兼首席执行官莎莉·科斯特顿 (Sally Costerton) 表示。"我期待着选择那些志同道合的合作伙伴,在最需要的时候针对这一关键资源提供持续访问服务。"

有意参与本次 EOI 的组织机构,请在世界协调时 2023 年 3 月 27 日 23:59 时前通过电子邮件将提案呈交给。提案必须以英文形式提交。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。要在互联网上访问另一个人的信息,您必须在电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这个地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 负责协调这些分布在世界各地的唯一标识符并提供相应支持。ICANN 是一个非营利性公益机构,成立于 1998 年,其社群的参与者遍布世界各地。


张丽香 (Liana Teo)
电话:+65 9113 2001

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."