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Ben Haim v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Calderon-Cardona v. Democratic People's Republic of Korea; Rubin v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Stern v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Weinstein v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Wyatt v. Syrian Arab Republic

Ben Haim v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Calderon-Cardona v. Democratic People's Republic of Korea; Rubin v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Stern v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Weinstein v. Islamic Republic of Iran; Wyatt v. Syrian Arab Republic
(in United States District Court for the District of Columbia)

Appellants' Brief [PDF, 280 KB]

26 August 2015
Order Re: Motion to Certify Question of Law to D.C. Court of Appeals and Revised Briefing Schedule [PDF, 55 KB] 6 August 2015
ICANN's Opposition to Appellants' Motion to Certify Questions to D.C. Court of Appeals and to Suspend the Briefing Schedule [PDF, 564 KB] 9 June 2015
Order re: Suspension of Briefing Schedule [PDF, 52 KB] 2 June 2015
Appellants' Motion to Certify Question to D.C. Court of Appeals and to Suspend the Briefing Schedule [PDF, 1.66 MB] 29 May 2015
Order re: Briefing Schedule [PDF, 116 KB] 24 March 2015
Scheduling Order [PDF, 60 KB] 23 December 2014
Notice of Appeal [PDF, 428 KB] 12 December 2014
Order and Memorandum of Opinion Granting Motions to Quash Writs of Attachment [PDF, 346 KB] 10 November 2014
Reply in Further Support of Plaintiffs-Judgment Creditors' Motion for Discovery [PDF, 139 KB] 24 October 2014
ICANN's Consolidated Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for for Six Month Discovery Period [PDF, 3.91 MB] 14 October 2014
ICANN's Consolidated Reply in Support of Its Motion to Quash [PDF, 222 KB] 10 October 2014
Plaintiffs-Judgment Creditors Preliminary Response to ICANN's Motion to Quash [PDF 251 KB] 30 September 2014
Plaintiffs Motion for Six Month Discovery Period and Related Declarations [PDF 9.08 MB] 25 September 2014
Stipulated Protective Order [PDF 478 KB] 19 September 2014
ICANN's Consolidated Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion to Extend time to response to Motions to Quash [PDF, 554 KB] 18 August 2014
Ben Haim-1: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.67 MB] 29 July 2014
Ben Haim-2: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.67 MB] 29 July 2014
Calderon-Cardona: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.67 MB] 29 July 2014
Rubin: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.67 MB] 29 July 2014
Stern: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.74 MB] 29 July 2014
Weinstein: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.67 MB] 29 July 2014
Wyatt: Motion to Quash Writs of Attachment and Supporting Declarations [PDF, 3.66 MB] 29 July 2014
ICANN's Responses to Writs of Attachments and Subpoenas [PDF, 791 KB] 28 July 2014
Writs of Attachment and Subpoenas [PDF, 2.93 MB] 24 June 2014
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."