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DCA Trust v. ICANN

This page collects documents from the Independent Review Proceeding filed in accordance with Article IV, section 3 of the ICANN Bylaws. They are arranged by initial filing date in descending order.

Procedural Order No. 5 [PDF, 1.20 MB] 24 March 2015

ICANN's Response to DCA's Memorial on the Merits [PDF, 992 KB]

3 December 2014
The hearing scheduled for 19 December 2014, has been continued to a date to be determined. The continuance is the result of one panelist resigning for personal reasons not related to the matter at issue.  

DCA's Memorial on the Merits [PDF, 1.10 MB]

3 November 2014
Procedural Order No. 4 [PDF, 672 KB] 25 September 2014
Procedural Order No. 3 [PDF, 664 KB] 5 September 2014
Panel Declaration on the IRP Procedure [PDF, 1.39 MB] 14 August 2014
Decision on ICANN's Request for Partial Consideration [PDF, 293 KB] 4 June 2014
ICANN's Supplemental Letter Brief [PDF, 276 KB] 2 June 2014
DCA's Supplemental Letter Brief and Exhibit [PDF, 185 KB] 29 May 2014
DCA's Response to ICANN's Request for Partial Reconsideration and Exhibits [PDF, 2.00 MB] 28 May 2014
Procedural Order No. 2 [PDF, 700 KB] 27 May 2014
ICANN's Response to the Panel's 12 May 2014 Decision and Request for Partial Reconsideration [PDF, 393 KB] 20 May 2014
DCA's Response to the Panel's Questions on Procedural Issues [PDF, 51 KB] 20 May 2014
ICANN's Further Memorandum Regarding Procedural Issues; Exhibit in support of Memorandum [PDF, 1.40 MB] 20 May 2014
Decision on Interim Measures of Protection [PDF, 7.8 MB] 12 May 2014
DCA's Submission on Procedural Issues [PDF, 103 KB] 5 May 2014
ICANN's Memorandum Regarding Procedural Issues and Exhibits [PDF, 2.48 MB] 5 May 2014
Procedural Order No. 1 [PDF, 3.82 MB] 24 April 2014
ICANN's Response to DCA's Request for Interim Relief; Exhibits in support of Response [PDF, 4.23 MB] 4 April 2014
DCA's Request for Interim Relief; Annexes in support of Request [PDF, 2.15 MB] 28 March 2014
ICANN's Response to Claimant's Amended Notice; Declarations of Cherine Chalaby and Heather Dryden; Exhibits [PDF, 3.72 MB] 10 February 2014
Amended Notice of Independent Review Process [PDF, 100 KB] 10 January 2014
Notice of Independent Review [PDF, 892 KB] 24 October 2013
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."