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xn--ngbc5azd Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
xn--ngbc5azd August 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202108-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202108-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202107-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202107-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202106-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202106-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202105-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202105-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202104-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202104-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202103-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202103-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202102-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202102-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2021 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202101-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2021 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202101-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202012-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202012-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202011-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202011-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202010-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202010-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202009-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202009-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202008-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202008-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202007-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202007-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202006-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202006-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202005-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202005-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202004-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202004-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202003-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202003-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202002-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202002-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2020 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-202001-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2020 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-202001-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201912-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201912-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201911-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201911-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201910-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201910-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201909-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201909-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201908-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201908-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201907-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201907-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201906-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201906-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201905-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201905-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201904-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201904-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201903-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201903-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201902-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2019 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2019 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201901-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201812-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201811-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201810-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201809-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201808-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201807-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201806-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201805-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201804-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201803-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201802-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2018 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2018 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201801-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201712-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201711-en [CSV, 915 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201710-en [CSV, 911 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201709-en [CSV, 910 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201708-en [CSV, 911 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201707-en [CSV, 907 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201706-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201705-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201704-en [CSV, 956 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201703-en [CSV, 954 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201702-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2017 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2017 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201701-en [CSV, 941 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201612-en [CSV, 944 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201611-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201610-en [CSV, 942 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201609-en [CSV, 943 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201608-en [CSV, 945 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201607-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201606-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201605-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201605-en [CSV, 948 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201604-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201604-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201603-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201603-en [CSV, 951 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201602-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201602-en [CSV, 953 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2016 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201601-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2016 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201601-en [CSV, 949 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201512-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201512-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201511-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201511-en [CSV, 944 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201510-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201510-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201509-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201509-en [CSV, 945 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201508-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201508-en [CSV, 942 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201507-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201507-en [CSV, 942 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201506-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201506-en [CSV, 944 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201505-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201505-en [CSV, 944 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201504-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201504-en [CSV, 940 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201503-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201503-en [CSV, 939 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201502-en [CSV, 2.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201502-en [CSV, 942 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2015 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201501-en [CSV, 2.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2015 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201501-en [CSV, 939 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201412-en [CSV, 2.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201412-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201411-en [CSV, 2.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201411-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201410-en [CSV, 2.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201410-en [CSV, 932 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201409-en [CSV, 4.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd September 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201409-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201408-en [CSV, 4.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd August 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201408-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201407-en [CSV, 4.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd July 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201407-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201406-en [CSV, 4.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd June 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201406-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201405-en [CSV, 4.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd May 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201405-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201404-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd April 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201404-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201403-en [CSV, 4.0 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd March 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201403-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201402-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd February 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201402-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2014 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201401-en [CSV, 3.4 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd January 2014 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201401-en [CSV, 913 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2013 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201312-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd December 2013 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201312-en [CSV, 907 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2013 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201311-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
xn--ngbc5azd November 2013 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201311-en [CSV, 902 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2013 Transactions Report xn--ngbc5azd-transactions-201310-en [CSV, 870 bytes]
xn--ngbc5azd October 2013 Activity Report xn--ngbc5azd-activity-201310-en [CSV, 894 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."