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xn--80asehdb Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
xn--80asehdb February 2022 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202202-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2022 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202202-en [CSV, 889 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2022 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202201-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2022 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202201-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202112-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202112-en [CSV, 884 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202111-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202111-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202110-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202110-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202109-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202109-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202108-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202108-en [CSV, 893 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202107-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202107-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202106-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202106-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202105-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202105-en [CSV, 890 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202104-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202104-en [CSV, 893 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202103-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202103-en [CSV, 889 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202102-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202102-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2021 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202101-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2021 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202101-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202012-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202012-en [CSV, 883 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202011-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202011-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202010-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202010-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202009-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202009-en [CSV, 884 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202008-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202008-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202007-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202007-en [CSV, 884 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202006-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202006-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202005-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202005-en [CSV, 890 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202004-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202004-en [CSV, 891 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202003-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202003-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202002-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202002-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2020 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-202001-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2020 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-202001-en [CSV, 889 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201912-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201912-en [CSV, 889 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201911-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201911-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201910-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201910-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201909-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201909-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201908-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201908-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201907-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201907-en [CSV, 883 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201906-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201906-en [CSV, 881 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201905-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201905-en [CSV, 881 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201904-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201904-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201903-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201903-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201902-en [CSV, 884 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2019 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2019 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201901-en [CSV, 882 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201812-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201811-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201810-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201809-en [CSV, 886 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201808-en [CSV, 885 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201807-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201806-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201805-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201804-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201803-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201802-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2018 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2018 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201801-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201712-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201711-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201710-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201709-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201708-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201707-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201706-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201705-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201704-en [CSV, 928 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201703-en [CSV, 934 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201702-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2017 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2017 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201701-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201612-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201611-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201610-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201609-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201608-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201607-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201606-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201605-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201605-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201604-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201604-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201603-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201603-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201602-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201602-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2016 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201601-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2016 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201601-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201512-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201512-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201511-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201511-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201510-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201510-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201509-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201509-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201508-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201508-en [CSV, 932 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201507-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201507-en [CSV, 932 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201506-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201506-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201505-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201505-en [CSV, 932 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201504-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201504-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201503-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201503-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201502-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201502-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2015 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201501-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2015 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201501-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201412-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb December 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201412-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201411-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
xn--80asehdb November 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201411-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201410-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb October 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201410-en [CSV, 914 bytes]
xn--80asehdb September 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201409-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb September 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201409-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--80asehdb August 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201408-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb August 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201408-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--80asehdb July 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201407-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb July 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201407-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--80asehdb June 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201406-en [CSV, 4.1 KB]
xn--80asehdb June 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201406-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
xn--80asehdb May 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201405-en [CSV, 3.8 KB]
xn--80asehdb May 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201405-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
xn--80asehdb April 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201404-en [CSV, 3.8 KB]
xn--80asehdb April 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201404-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
xn--80asehdb March 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201403-en [CSV, 3.7 KB]
xn--80asehdb March 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201403-en [CSV, 912 bytes]
xn--80asehdb February 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201402-en [CSV, 3.7 KB]
xn--80asehdb February 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201402-en [CSV, 910 bytes]
xn--80asehdb January 2014 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201401-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
xn--80asehdb January 2014 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201401-en [CSV, 906 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2013 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201312-en [CSV, 867 bytes]
xn--80asehdb December 2013 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201312-en [CSV, 896 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2013 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201311-en [CSV, 867 bytes]
xn--80asehdb November 2013 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201311-en [CSV, 890 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2013 Transactions Report xn--80asehdb-transactions-201310-en [CSV, 867 bytes]
xn--80asehdb October 2013 Activity Report xn--80asehdb-activity-201310-en [CSV, 876 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."