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Overview of the 36th ICANN Seoul Meeting Fellows


ICANN Fellows from Seoul meeting, 2009

ICANN Fellows from Seoul meeting, 2009

Seoul Fellows:

Shaarawy Abdel-Baky – Egypt
Abdisalan Abdi – Indonesia
Eric Akumiah – Ghana
Diana Almahasneh – Jordan
Stanley Angus Osao – Papua New Guinea
Blaise Arbouet – Haiti
George Asare Sakyi – Ghana
Yaovi Athoun – Ghana
Fouad Bajwa – Pakistan
Dalsie Green Baniala – Vanuatu
Bhakta Bdr Bomjan – Bhutan
Ibrohim Djuraev – Uzbekistan
Amr Elsadr – Egypt
Natalia Enciso Bentiez – Paraguay
Gerard Metsan – Vanuatu
Yuanyuan Guan – China
Tracy Hackshaw – Trinidad and Tobago
Ivo Ivanovski – Macedonia
Marina Kalashnikova – Kazakhstan
Adam Juma Mambi – Tanzania
Muhammad Aimal Marjan – Afghanistan
Richard Misech – Palau
Tepua Ngamata – Cook Islands
Djalolatdin Rakhimov
Imran Ahmed Shah – Pakistan
Dwi Simanungkalit – Indonesia
Naranchimeg Tumurbaatar – Mongolia
Rasha Hameed – Iraq
Nelly Stoyanova – Bulgaria
Jolden Johnnyboy – Federated State of Micronesia

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."