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隐私服务 – 隐私服务可让域名持有者(注册人)作为注册人记录备案,但同时公布另外的有效联系信息(例如邮件转发服务地址)而不是注册人的家庭住址。

代理服务 – 代理服务可让域名的某些身份和联系信息详情不出现在公开发布的 Whois 信息中。代理服务商成为记录备案的注册域名持有者,且其身份和联系信息显示在 Whois 数据中。

隐私和代理服务目前不属于《注册服务商委任协议》(RAA) 的范畴。要确定隐私或代理服务背后的域名涉及人员,请参阅服务提供商的服务条款。如果您的投诉涉及到法律法规,那么您可能要将问题反映到您所在辖区的适当执法机构或咨询法律意见。

如果您的质疑或投诉是关于隐私或代理服务的 Whois 信息准确性,请递交 Whois 信息错误投诉。请注意,显示受隐私或代理保护的 Whois 数据这一行为本身并无过错。只有在因为错误的隐私或代理服务 Whois 数据而无法联系到域名持有者的情况下,您才应向 ICANN 递交投诉。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."