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.observer Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
observer March 2019 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201903-en [CSV, 17.5 KB]
observer March 2019 Activity Report observer-activity-201903-en [CSV, 907 bytes]
observer February 2019 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 17.0 KB]
observer February 2019 Activity Report observer-activity-201902-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
observer January 2019 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 16.7 KB]
observer January 2019 Activity Report observer-activity-201901-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
observer December 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 16.4 KB]
observer December 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201812-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
observer November 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 16.3 KB]
observer November 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201811-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
observer October 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 15.9 KB]
observer October 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201810-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
observer September 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 15.6 KB]
observer September 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201809-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
observer August 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 15.5 KB]
observer August 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201808-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
observer July 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 15.2 KB]
observer July 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201807-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
observer June 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 15.1 KB]
observer June 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201806-en [CSV, 916 bytes]
observer May 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 15.1 KB]
observer May 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201805-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
observer April 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 14.1 KB]
observer April 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201804-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
observer March 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 13.7 KB]
observer March 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201803-en [CSV, 915 bytes]
observer February 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 13.6 KB]
observer February 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201802-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
observer January 2018 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 11.6 KB]
observer January 2018 Activity Report observer-activity-201801-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
observer December 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 11.5 KB]
observer December 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201712-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
observer November 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 11.3 KB]
observer November 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201711-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
observer October 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 11.0 KB]
observer October 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201710-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
observer September 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 10.6 KB]
observer September 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201709-en [CSV, 916 bytes]
observer August 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 10.1 KB]
observer August 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201708-en [CSV, 912 bytes]
observer July 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 9.6 KB]
observer July 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201707-en [CSV, 911 bytes]
observer June 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 9.4 KB]
observer June 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201706-en [CSV, 912 bytes]
observer May 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 9.1 KB]
observer May 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201705-en [CSV, 915 bytes]
observer April 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 8.0 KB]
observer April 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201704-en [CSV, 912 bytes]
observer March 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 7.3 KB]
observer March 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201703-en [CSV, 904 bytes]
observer February 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 5.2 KB]
observer February 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201702-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
observer January 2017 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 1.0 KB]
observer January 2017 Activity Report observer-activity-201701-en [CSV, 900 bytes]
observer December 2016 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
observer December 2016 Activity Report observer-activity-201612-en [CSV, 898 bytes]
observer November 2016 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
observer November 2016 Activity Report observer-activity-201611-en [CSV, 899 bytes]
observer October 2016 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
observer October 2016 Activity Report observer-activity-201610-en [CSV, 898 bytes]
observer September 2016 Transactions Report observer-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 1.0 KB]
observer September 2016 Activity Report observer-activity-201609-en [CSV, 896 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."