Skip to main content

Welcome to the new! Learn more, and send us your feedback. Dismiss


New gTLD Program Committee

  • photo of
    Cherine Chalaby
  • photo of Rinalia Abdul Rahim
    Rinalia Abdul Rahim
  • photo of Fadi Chehadé
    Fadi Chehadé
  • photo of Dr. Stephen D. Crocker
    Dr. Stephen D. Crocker
  • photo of Chris Disspain
    Chris Disspain
  • photo of Asha Hemrajani
    Asha Hemrajani
  • photo of Markus Kummer
    Markus Kummer
  • photo of Bruno Lanvin
    Bruno Lanvin
  • photo of Erika Mann
    Erika Mann
  • photo of Gonzalo Navarro
    Gonzalo Navarro
  • photo of Raymond A. Plzak
    Raymond A. Plzak
  • photo of George Sadowsky
    George Sadowsky
  • photo of Mike Silber
    Mike Silber
  • photo of Kuo-Wei Wu
    Kuo-Wei Wu
  • photo of Thomas Schneider
    Thomas Schneider
    Non-Voting Liaison


The New gTLD Program Committee was established by the Board at its 10 April 2012 meeting.

Charter - Current

The Committee's charter was adopted and approved by the Board on 10 April 2012.



  • Cherine Chalaby (Chair)
  • Fadi Chehadé (Member)
  • Dr. Stephen D. Crocker (Member)
  • Chris Disspain (Member)
  • Asha Hemrajani (Member)
  • Markus Kummer (Member)
  • Erika Mann (Member)
  • Gonzalo Navarro (Member)
  • Raymond A. Plzak (Member)
  • Rinalia Abdul Rahim (Member)
  • George Sadowsky (Member)
  • Thomas Schneider (Non-Voting Liaison)
  • Mike Silber (Member)
  • Kuo-Wei Wu (Member)
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."