Skip to main content
Resources

Name.Space, Inc. v ICANN

Name.Space, Inc. v ICANN
(lawsuit in United States District Court for the Central District of California)

Opinion from U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Affirming Dismissal of Name.Space Complaint [PDF, 116 KB] 31 July 2015
Appellate Hearing Schedule [PDF, 555 KB] 30 December 2014
Appellant Name.Space's Reply Brief [PDF, 1.4 MB] 20 December 2013
Appellee ICANN's Answering Brief [PDF, 2.68 MB] 8 November 2013
Appellant Name.Space's Opening Brief [PDF, 168 KB] 9 September 2013
Notice of Appeal [PDF, 22 KB] 2 April 2013
Order Dismissing Name.Space Complaint [PDF, 36 KB] 19 March 2013
Plaintiff Name.Space's Notice of Intent Not to File Amended Complaint [PDF, 40 KB] 14 March 2013
Order Granting ICANN's Motion to Dismiss [PDF, 53 KB] 4 March 2013
Court Notice Taking Hearing on Motion For Summary Judgment off Calendar [PDF, 26 KB] 21 February 2013
Plaintiff Name.Space's Response to ICANN's Citation to Supplemental Authority [PDF, 18 KB] 15 February 2013
Plaintiff Name.Space's Objection to New Evidence Submitted by ICANN in Support of Its' Reply Memorandum [PDF, 19 KB] 15 February 2013

ICANN's Reply in Support of the Motion for Summary Judgment [PDF, 180 KB]

11 February 2013

Name.Space's Opposition to Motion for Summary Judgment [PDF, 127 KB]

5 February 2013
Order Converting Name.Space Motion to Dismiss to Motion for Summary Judgment [PDF, 12 KB] 15 January 2013
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendant ICANN's Motion to Dismiss Complaint [PDF, 179 KB] 14 January 2013
Name.Space's Opposition to ICANN's Motion to Dismiss Complaint [PDF, 116 KB] 4 January 2013
Stipulation to Modify Hearing Date for Defendant's Motion to Dismiss [PDF, 15 KB] 7 December 2012
Amended Notice of Motion to Dismiss Complaint [PDF, 77 KB] 4 December 2012

ICANN's Notice of Motion to Dismiss Complaint [PDF, 77 KB]

30 November 2012
Stipulation on Briefing Schedule for ICANN's Motion to Dismiss Complaint [PDF, 19 KB] 29 November 2012
Stipulation to Extend Time to Respond to Complaint [PDF, 73 KB] 30 October 2012
Complaint [PDF, 698 KB] 10 October 2012
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."