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Nominating Committee | Members 2006

This page contains some background biographical information about each Nominating Committee member.

Members of the Committee

Mohamed El Fatih El Tigani Ali

Mohamed obtained a Masters degree in Computer Science with distinction from Pune University (India) in 1998.

He worked as a guest lecturer at the Interdisciplinary School of Scientific Computing Pune University (India) from Aug 1998 up to March 1999.

He also worked as a systems software engineer in Nulink Co. Ltd. (India) for one and have years where he was involved in the design and implementation of a network management system for various telecom and data network equipment.

Mohamed joined Sudan Telecom Co Ltd as a network engineer and system administrator in April 1999 where he was in charge of the foundation of the Internet Sector responsible for delivering the Internet Services to other ISPs within the country. He was also responsible for the IP address space allocation policy, Initial BGP setup & DNS systemsa and became the head of the enterprise networks and systems sector of the IT department in May 2002.

In February 2004, he became the head of the software development sector of the IT dept and was responsible for the development and operations of all the applications development activities for Sudatel as a telecom operator (BSS i.e. Billing & CC, Interconnection billing - OSS i.e. Mediation, OMC, Traffic Measurements, ERP i.e. GL, HR, Information Systems).

He is also a Professional Courses Instructor, technical consultant and Projects Manager for Datanet Co. Ltd., a leading solutions provider in the Sudanese market.

Mohamed is a founder and executive committee member of the Sudan Internet Society, an NGO that is responsible for the .sd ccTLD management.

Mohamed is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, and has been selected by the ALAC.

Jayantha Fernando

Jayantha Fernando is an Attorney by profession and holds a specialized Masters Degree in Information Technology & Communications Law from the University of London, which he completed on a British Chevening Scholarship of the UK Government (2001-2003).

He has researched and implemented Laws and Policies in the field of Telecommunications and ICT Laws in developing countries. He was part of the Computer Crimes review Committee of the Sri Lanka Law Commission (1999-2000) and was the Convenor of the Computer Crimes Advisory Committee which finalized the Computer Crimes Bill, presented to Parliament in August 2005. As the person responsible for the e-Laws Program he advises the Government in ICT policies and helped in the preparation of the Electronic Transactions Bill, which was approved by Parliament on 7 March 2006. He is presently advising the Government in the adoption of a Data Protection Code of Practice.

He has several international and local papers in ICT Law to his credit, for one of which he was awarded the Gold Medal as being the best paper in the field of IT Law. He also lectures extensively on ICT Law and is a lecturer and examiner at the Sri Lanka Law College and is visiting faculty of University of Colombo School of Computing ( and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Moratuwa (

He has extensive overseas experience lecturing and training policy makers and government officials in ICT Legal and policy issues. During 2003/04 Jayantha was the Legal Advisor on Telecom and ICT Legal Reforms to the South African SADC Secretariat. He also functions as an Advisory Member to an Info-dev led program led by CDT and Internews preparing e-government toolkit for developing countries.

His legal practice is essentially focused on ICT Law ranging from negotiating large ICT project Agreements to Software licensing to Telecommunications Interconnection issues. He currently leads the e-Laws Program of the Government in his capacity as Legal Advisor at the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka, an Agency under the Office of the President ( and is a Member of the Board of Directors of LK Domain Registry ( Recently he was appointed as a Board Director to the Sri Lanka Standards Institution (

Ken Fockler

Ken Fockler is the President of Tenac Consulting, a company he founded in 1997 after the wrap up of CA*net Networking Inc. where he was President from 1992 to 1997.

CA*net was a Canadian federally incorporated non-profit organization of regional networks that came together to create and manage a national backbone network in Canada. Prior to CA*net Ken was with IBM Canada Ltd. and was instrumental in founding NetNorth in 1984, a coast to coast university network connected to BITNET and EARN. In 1996 he helped establish CAIP, the Canadian Association of Internet Providers, and served as the first chairman and President. He was also a founder of CIRA, the Canadian Internet Registry Authority and served on the initial board.

From 1992 to 1997 he served on the board of directors of CANARIE, the Canadian Network for the Advancement of Research, Industry and Education. He served on the board of the CA*net Institute, a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and use of the Internet for the public good. He served a one-year term on the board of ARIN, the American Registry for Internet Numbers, and an additional year as an officer of ARIN in the role of Treasurer.

In 1999, Ken served on a Panel of Experts for WIPO, the World Intellectual Property Organization, for a study on domain names.

Ken served on the ICANN Board from October 1999 to September 2001. He was selected by the Address Supporting Organization.

In 1996 Ken received the Chairman's Award from CBTA, the Canadian Business Telecommunications Association, for his outstanding contribution to the Canadian Telecommunications Industry.

In Ken's consulting work he has worked with telecommunications companies such as Bell Canada and federal government departments such as Industry Canada. He also serves as a consultant to the Tralliance Corporation, the registry for dot travel.

Ken has also been involved in charitable work and has served on boards in the Toronto area including the CNIB, the Canadian National Institute for the Blind.

He is a graduate of the University of Toronto, Engineering Physics 1961, and is married with three grown daughters.

Michael Froomkin

A. Michael Froomkin is a Professor at the University of Miami School of Law in Coral Gables, Florida, specializing in Internet Law and Administrative Law. He is a founder-editor of ICANNWatch, and serves on the Editorial Board of Information, Communication & Society and of I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society. He is on the Advisory Boards of several organizations including the Electronic Freedom Foundation and BNA Electronic Information Policy & Law Report.

Prof. Froomkin is a director of Out2 Meida Group, which provides hyper-local online newspapers to communites throughout the US. He is a member of the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London.

Professor Froomkin writes primarily about Internet governance, electronic democracy, and privacy. Other subjects include e-commerce, electronic cash, the regulation of cryptography, and U.S. constitutional law.

Before entering teaching, Prof. Froomkin practiced international arbitration law in the London office of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering. He clerked for Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit, and Chief Judge John F. Grady of the U.S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois. Prof. Froomkin received his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he served as Articles Editor of both the Yale Law Journal and the Yale Journal of International Law. He has an M.Phil in History of International Relations from Cambridge University in England, which he obtained while on a Mellon Fellowship. His B.A. from Yale was in Economics and History, summa cum laude, phi beta kappa with Distinction in History.

Prof. Froomkin is married to University of Miami Law Professor Caroline Bradley. They have two children.

Professor Froomkin serves a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by ALAC's North American region.

Catherine Gabay

In 1987, Catherine Gabay received a Masters degree in electronic engineering (specialization in control systems) from Supelec (Ecole Supérieure d’Electricité) in France. Consecutively, she graduated and obtained a Master of Science in Communications, with distinctions, at Imperial College, London.

Ms Gabay started her career as a systems engineer in image processing in Aerospatiale, Thomson CSF then Trilogie, from 1988 to 1994. In the period 1992 to 1994, she studied to receive a postgraduate professional degree in Industrial Marketing and a postgraduate professional degree in International Trade at CNAM (Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers) in Paris (through evening courses).

In 1994, she joined France Telecom Worldwide Networks and Services as a project engineer of management systems (billing system and network management system). In 1996, she transferred to Global One, then joint venture between France Telecom, Deutsche Telekom and Sprint to follow the building of its international network and the developments of its services, as project Director of the billing system for all voice products.

In September 1997, Ms Gabay became responsible for regulatory affairs in the Public Affairs department of France Telecom for the domains of numbering, naming, addressing and interconnection. She held responsibilities in these domains, both at the national and international levels. In May 2000, she held the position of Director Regulatory Affairs of WANADOO SA. She was then in charge of regulatory and governance aspects of multimedia services and the Internet.

Since December 2001, Ms Gabay holds the position of Director - Innovation, Research and New Technologies of MEDEF, the French Business Confederation. She is in charge of subjects related to innovation, intellectual property and e-business. MEDEF, which represents over 750 000 French companies of all sizes and in all sectors of business (industry, trade and services), is responsible for conducting any research and actions in the mutual interests of business.

Ms Gabay serves a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Commercial and Business Users Constituency.

Sanford H. George

Sanford H. George has been working in the networking and data communications field since 1977. He currently assists in the management of Los Nettos at the University of Southern California's Center for High Performance Computing and Communications. He also assists with engineering and operations on the Pacific Wave internet exchange project. He was previously at USC's Information Sciences Institute.

Prior to working at USC, Sanford spent twelve years managing the multi-protocol routing infrastructure at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. He received seven NASA awards for his contributions to NASA research and flight projects.

He has been certified as a Cisco CCNA, CCDA, CCNP, CCDP and CSE and as a 3Com Certified Solutions Associate. Before establishing a career in the networking field, he owned and operated a sport parachuting and glider school in Northern California.

Sanford served on the ARIN Advisory Council from 2002 to 2004. Sanford's current term on the ASO AC (NRO NC) expires December 31, 2007.

Sanford serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the ASO constituency.

Anthony Harris

Anthony Harris has been active in the telecommunications industry since 1958, having served in managerial positions in:

1958-1969-Cable & Wireless Ltd. (Foreign Staff) in United Kingdom, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay and Puerto Rico.
1969-1978-Western Union International Inc. (now MCI) in Argentina.
1986-1990-FTC International Inc. (New York) in Argentina.
1991-1994-McDonnell Douglas TYMNET Inc. in Argentina

Mr Harris has also held various other positions including:

1979-1983-Norpen S.A. (Argentina), Executive Vice President of a textile industry with 500 employees
1986-1994-Politronics S.A. (Argentina), Director International Commerce for a manufacturer of telephone PABX and Key Systems equipment.
1994-1997-ITT Standard Electric S.A. (Argentina), International Relations specialist,
Entrepreneur: Implemented and marketed an online trade leads portal, updated weekly (1996 to date, still in operation)

More recently Mr Harris has been an Executive Director of CABASE-Argentina Internet Services Association, non-profit entity since 1998, and Executive Director of eCOM-LAC - Latin America & Caribbean Federation for the Internet and Electronic Commerce, non-profit entity since 1999.

Mr Harris serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the ISP Constituency.

Rodney Joffe

Rodney Joffe is the Chairman, Founder, and Chief Technology Officer of UltraDNS Corporation. His operational responsibilities include defining and guiding the development of all technical initiatives within the company, as well as interaction with the standards bodies and working groups in the ietf, telecommunications, and network world.

Rodney has been involved in the IT world since 1973 when he trained as a systems analyst and programmer in the Pensions Actuarial group of the Old Mutual Life Insurance Company in Cape Town, South Africa. After co-founding Printronic Corporation of America (UK) Pty. LTD. in London, England, in 1977, he opened American Computer Group (ACG) - the first of his US based companies - in Los Angeles in 1983. He is still very involved in ACG as both the Chairman and acting CEO. ACG is one of the leading Data Processing Service Bureaus in the Direct Response advertising and marketing industry.

In the early 1990's, following the NSF disgorgement of commercial Internet traffic from the NSFNet, Rodney launched Internet Media Network as the Internet division of ACG. In March of 1994, he established the first web-based online presence of a traditional mail-order company, Robert Redford's Sundance Catalog. In 1996 in partnership with Bechtel Enterprises, Internet Media Network was renamed Genuity, which then went on to became one of the largest ISP Data Center Operators in the world. The company was driven by Hopscotch?, invented and patented by Rodney, and the very first formal content distribution and load balancing technology. He remained as the Chief Technical Officer of Genuity until the end of 1997 when Genuity was acquired by GTE Corporation. He was then appointed Vice-President, Strategic Technologies, and Chief Technology Officer of the Business Services division of GTE Internetworking.

Following his retirement from GTE Internetworking in 1999, he returned to Phoenix, Arizona, where he founded CenterGate Research Group, a technology think-tank that became the birthplace of UltraDNS, Catbird Networks, and a number of community focused services including Geektools and the project.

Rodney sits on the boards of a number of technology companies, including Scientific Monitoring, an aerospace software company, and Plasmanet, one of the largest Internet database marketing networks. He is also an active member of the Faculty Advisory Board of the USC Viterbi School of Engineering in Los Angeles, and sits on the ICANN SSAC (Security and Stability Advisory Committee).

Rodney serves as a non-voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the SSAC.

Wolfgang Kleinwaechter

Wolfgang Kleinwaechter is a Professor for International Communication Policy and Regulation at the Department for Media and Information Sciences of the University of Aarhus / Denmark.

He has studied Communication, International Law and International Relations at the University of Leipzig (B.A. 1971, M.A. 1974, Ph.D. 1981). His Academic Teaching Experiences includes Institute for International Studies, University of Leipzig (until 1991), Department for Communication, University of Tampere (1991/1992 and again since 2005), School of International Services, American University, Washington, D.C, (1992/1994) and Department for Media and Communication Studies, University of Oerebro (2002/2003). Since 1998 he teaches a full Course on "Internet Policy and Regulation" at the University of Aarhus.

From 1994 to 1998 he was the Chairman of the Management Board of the "Inter-Regional Information Society Initiative" (IRISI) of the European Commission in Brussels and coordinated the regional "Saxonian Information Initiative" (SII) of the government of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.

He is involved in Internet Governance issues since 1997 and has participated in various capacities in all ICANN meetings since its first meeting in Singapore (1999). He was a member of ICANN Membership Information Task Force and was elected as member of the Steering Committee of At Large (2001/2002). In the WSIS process he was a member of the Civil Society Bureau and co-chaired the Internet Governance Caucus in 2002 and 2003. In 2004 he was appointed by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan as a member of the UN Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG).

He is a member of the International Council of the "International Association for Media and Communication Research" (IAMCR) and served as the president of the IAMCR Law Section between 1988 and 1998. He was a member of the Parliamentarian Media Council and the Media Law Commission of the German Democratic Republic (1989/1990) and Corresponding Member of the German UNESCO Commission (1991/1999). He is the Co-Founder and Member of the Board of the Media City Leipzig e.V., Leipzig, Germany (since 1990) and of the ICANN Studienkreis (since 2000).

He was Member of the Programme Committee for INET 2002, Internet Society, Washington D.C. and a Key-Note Speaker, Panelist, Moderator and Rapporteur of numerous international conferences on the Information Society, Information Law and Internet Governance, inter alia UN, ITU, EU, Council of Europe, OECD, UNESCO, UNICTTF, Global Business Dialogue on eCommerce. PTC and others.

His research work includes more than 100 international publications, including 5 books, on issues of Broadcasting Legislation, Global Information Society, Internet Governance and WSIS. Recent articles has been published in "Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review", "Development", "Telecommunication Policy", "info" and "Gazette". His two latest books has been "The World Summit on the Information Society: From the Past into the Future", UNICTTF, New York 2005 (with Daniel Stauffacher) and "Power and Money in Cyberspace: How WSIS Frames the Future of the Information Age" (Heise Publisher 2004 / in German). He served also a member of several advisory boards of scientific journals, including "Transantional Data and Communication Report" (until 1996), Computer Law and Security Report (until 1999), The Journal of Media Law and Practice (until 2001) and "Gazette" (since 1992).

Wolfgang serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by ALAC.

John Klensin

Dr. John C. Klensin is now an independent consultant following a distinguished career as Internet Architecture Vice President at AT&T, Distinguished Engineering Fellow at MCI WorldCom, and Principal Research Scientist at MIT.

He served on the Internet Architecture Board from 1996-2002 and was its Chair from 2000 until the end of his term. Earlier, he served as IETF Area Director for Applications and was Chair, Co-chair, and/or Editor for IETF Working Groups focused on messaging and IETF process issues.

Dr. Klensin understands technology issues germane to ICANN first hand. He was involved in the early procedural and definitional work for DNS administration and top-level domain definitions and was part of the committee that worked out the transition of DNS-related responsibilities between USC-ISI and what became ICANN.

Prior to coming to MCI in mid-1994, he was INFOODS Project Coordinator for the United Nations University and, before that, was at MIT for nearly 30 years, holding Principal Research Scientist appointments in several departments including Architecture, the Center for International Studies, and the Laboratory of Architecture and Planning.

For most of those 30 years, he was a technical participant in programming language standardization efforts and advanced work in computer applications to the social and policy sciences and statistical and scientific database management. He has also participated in, and sometimes led, industry consortia, scientific, and quasi-governmental efforts that resulted in de facto standards. For example, he was a member of the Advisory Council and of the first ad hoc committees on procedures of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a member and then Vice-Chair of the Information Systems Standards Board of the American National Standards Institute, and a convenor and advisory group member within an ISO/IEC JTC1 subcommittee.

Despite this background in standards development and procedures, his primary work has focused on technical and design efforts, both as research and in product development and support. For example, industrially, he was the lead designer for several user-visible aspects of internetMCI, designed database and data analysis systems used by several large international corporations and governmental units (including the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the US and the Department of Social Justice in The Netherlands) in the 1970s and 1980s.

These major contributions went to manage inventories, planning, and human resource models for two of the world's largest automobile manufacturers and one oil company and for several activities of the US Department of Defense including fuel supply availability planning during the oil crisis of the mid-1970s and the development and management of the DOD budget itself.

He was also founding co-principal investigator of the Network Start-up Resource Center project, which provides technical assistance for creation of computer network connections to developing areas and continues as a senior advisor to that activity.

Dr. Klensin has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Science Education and Technology and the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Dr Klensin serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the IAB for the IETF.

Lars-Johan Liman

Lars-Johan Liman, M.Sc, works as Senior Systems Specialist at Autonomica AB, computer consultants in Stockholm, Sweden, daughter company to Netnod Internet Exchange. Following his graduation at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, he worked for 8 years at its Network Operations Centre, from where three European Internet backbones were managed. The NOC also housed the world's first DNS root name server outside the USA, and Lars-Johan became responsible for its operation at an early stage. Now, more than 10 years later, he still is, although the server is now housed at the major Internet exchange point in Stockholm.

Over the years, Lars-Johan has specialized in the domain name system, starting with administration of DNS databases and continuing with the more theoretical side of things like operational issues, registration of domain names, and standardization of protocols. He has participated in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the R?seaux Internet Protocol Europ?ens (RIPE) for more than 10 years, and he participated in the creation of the current domain name registry for .SE, and in the early days of ICANN as a member of the gtld-MOU Policy Oversight Committee (POC). His current connection to ICANN is as member of its Root Server System Advisory Committe, and he has previously served on the programme committee for the ICANN meeting in Marina del Rey in 2001.

Mr Liman serves as a non-voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC).

Lucy Nichols

Lucy Nichols is an attorney specializing in Intellectual property. She currently holds the position of Global Director of IPR, Brand Protection for Nokia Corporation and is responsible for managing the company's Trademark, Product Design and Enforcement teams.

Ms. Nichols attended the University of Texas where she earned an undergraduate degree in Political Science and Georgetown University Law Center in Washington D.C. where she was awarded a Juris Doctorate degree in 1990.

Ms. Nichols was in private law practice in Washington D.C. and New York City prior to joining Nokia in 2000. She is a recognized expert in intellectual property issues and is a frequent speaker at international conferences.

Ms. Nichols is on the Board of Directors for the International Trademark Association and represents the intellectual property constituency on ICANN's GNSO council.

Ms Nichols is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Intellectual Property constituency.

Elliot Noss

Elliot Noss is the President and CEO of Tucows Inc. He joined Tucows in 1997 as VP Corporate Services and was appointed president & CEO of Tucows Inc. in May 1999. During his tenure, Tucows has grown its Internet software and application downloads business; created the wholesale domain name registration market with the launch of OpenSRS and rapidly expanded Tucows offering of wholesale services and back office systems to global Internet service providers.

Elliot chairs the University of Toronto's Department of Computer Science Advisory Board. He has a BA from the University of Toronto and an MBA and LLB from the University of Western Ontario.

Elliot serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the gTLD Registry Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation.

Adam Peake-Associate Chair

Adam works at the Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), a research institute located in Tokyo.

Adam has been living in Japan since 1989 and joined GLOCOM in April 1993. His interests are the intersection of public policy and the Internet, and promoting information and communication technologies in society. At GLOCOM he works on projects related to telecommunications and broadband policy, network and information security and follow-up activities for the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).

Adam participated in the G8 DOT Force where GLOCOM was the Japanese NPO representative. Adam has co-led GLOCOM's work on WSIS, including GLOCOM's role as facilitator of NGO/Civil Society participation in the Asia and Pacific Regional WSIS Conference, January 2003, and WSIS Thematic meeting "Tokyo Ubiquitous Network Conference" in May 2005.

He has been a coordinator of the WSIS Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus since the Geneva Summit, and is a member of the Public Interest Registry (.ORG) Advisory Council.

Before coming to Japan, Adam was employed at British Telecom as a project manager working on the interconnection of Other Licensed Operators (cellular radio, radio paging and competitive telephony carriers.)

Adam serves as the Associate Chair of the 2006 ICANN Nominating Committee.

Dr Madanmohan Rao

Dr. Madanmohan Rao, a consultant and writer from Bangalore, is a research consultant at the Asian Media Information and Communication centre (AMIC). He is the editor of three book series: "The Asia Pacific Internet Handbook", "The Knowledge Management Chronicles" and "AfricaDotEdu" (McGraw Hill). He is also editor-at-large of and contributor to the Poynter Institute blog on new media trends. Madan was on the international editorial board of the recently published book, "Transforming e-Knowledge."

Madan was formerly the communications director at the United Nations Inter Press Service bureau in New York, and vice president at IndiaWorld Communications in Bombay. He graduated from the Indian Institute of Technology at Bombay and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, with an M.S. in computer science and a Ph.D. in communications. He is currently the director of the InfoComm Observatory at the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore.

Madan is a frequent speaker on the international conference circuit, and has given talks and lectures in about 50 countries around the world. He has worked with online services in the U.S., Brazil, and India. His articles have appeared in, The Economic Times, Electronic Markets magazine, Economic and Political Weekly, and the Bangkok Post. Madan is on the board of directors/advisors of numerous content and wireless services firms in Asia. He also participates in consultations at UNESCO, IDRC, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) foundation in India and Nepal.

He is the conference chair for India Internet World, India's largest annual Internet business conference, and serves on the conference committees of trade show group Messe Frankfurt in Germany, Singapore-based Asian Media Information and Communication Centre, and the global Internet Society.

Madan serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the ALAC.

Thomas Roessler

Thomas Roessler joined the W3C Team in November 2004 to work on security, privacy, and European policy issues. Prior to joining W3C, Thomas worked at the University of Bonn on numerics of partial differential equations, and collected programming, systems administration and computer forensics experience. He is the lead maintainer of the free software mail user agent mutt, and was involved with ICANN for several years, most recently as a member of its At-Large Advisory Committee from 2003 to 2005.

Thomas has published and given talks on topics including anonymization services, legal questions of digital signatures, and online privacy. He holds a degree in mathematics.

Thomas serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Technical Liaison Group.

George Sadowsky

George Sadowsky received an A.B. degree in Mathematics from Harvard College and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Economics from Yale University.

After spending 1958-1962 as an applied mathematician, his career concentrated on applying computers to economic and social policy, leading academic computing and networking organizations, and making the Internet useful throughout the world. During 1966-1970 he founded and directed the Computer Center at the Brookings Institution in Washington; from 1970-73 he did economic research at the Urban Institute leading to his Ph.D, dissertation on the subject of micro-analytic simulation of the household sector.

During 1973-86 at the United Nations, he supported the transfer of information technology to developing countries. He has done work in about 50 developing countries and continues to do so. Among other things, he introduced the use of microcomputers for census data processing in Africa in 1979, and he worked in China during 1982-1986s supporting the computing activities of the 1982 Census of Population and Housing.

From 1986 to 2001, he directed academic computing and networking activities, first at Northwestern University and then at New York University. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, UNDP, the Swiss Government, and a number of foundations. He was a Board member of AppliedTheory Corporation and was a Trustee of the Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN) and the New York State Educational and Research Network (NYSERNet). He was actively involved in World Bank activities during 1996-2002 as a member and Coordinator of the Technical Advisory Panel for the infoDev program, as well as in UNDP and USAID activities. In 1994, he and Larry Landweber formulated the USAID's Leland Initiative for Internet connectivity in 20 African countries. He has been a member of the Internet Society Board of Trustees (1996-1999 and 2000-2004) and has served ISOC as Vice President for Conferences (1996-1998) and Vice-President for Education (1998-2001). He headed a group of ISOC volunteers who defined and conducted the ISOC Developing Country Network Training Workshops from 1993 through 2001. He has written and lectured extensively on ICTs and development.

From 2001-2005, he was the Executive Director of the Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI), which directed Internet policy reform projects in 16 developing countries, and also served as the Senior Technical Adviser within USAID's dot-GOV program. He now works on projects in the area of ICT for development. (see for more information).

Mr Sadowsky served as the non-voting Chair of the Nominating Committee in 2005 and is special adviser to the Chair in 2006.

José Ovidio Salgueiro

José Ovidio Salgueiro, got his law degree at Universidad Católica Andrés Bello ( Caracas) in 1989 and has been a practicing lawyer since with Volpe Ardizzone & Salgueiro. His primary practice at that time was intellectual property. Since, Salgueiro has done post graduate work in commerical law at the Universidad de Salamanca in Spain, and Universidad Católica Andrés Bello in Caracas, Venezuela.

From 1996 to 1999 he served as a Member of the Board of Directors of Banco Guayana of Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela and since 2003 is a member of the Board of Directors of the Venezuelan Association of Intellectual Property Agents (COVAPI).

Since 1997 José Ovidio Salgueiro was one of the first attorneys in the country to study informatics and computer law attending several courses abroad and teaching in Venezuela. In 2000 he presented the first domain name case before local authorities.

Mr Salgueiro has been a professor in informatics and computer law at Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Caracas), Instituto de Altos Estudios Diplomaticos Pedro Gual (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Universidad Católica del Táchira (San Cristobal) and Escuela Nacional de Administración y Hacienda Pública (ministry of Treasury) all in Venezuela, and has been a lecturer on same topics in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Perú and Argentina .

He has served as an Advisor of the Superintendent of Electronic Signatures of Venezuela, and as the Academic Director of the Venezuelan Association on Informatics Law. He is the co-writer of the Data Messages and Electronic Signature Law of Venezuela and its regulations and member of the staff of Informatics Law Community Alfa-Redi.

Mr Salgueiro serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by ALAC.

Michael Silber

Michael Silber is a director of the .za Domain Name Authority, the entity responsible for the administration of the .za ccTLD, having been appointed as such by the South African Minister of Communications in 2003.

He is a South African lawyer focused on Technology and Telecommunications Law and currently works on authentication and electronic signature related issues.

He was involved in the South African Electronic Communications and Transactions Act legislative process that brought the .za Domain Name Authority into being and has been intimately involved in the redelegation of responsibility for the .za ccTLD to this Authority.

Mr Silber has been involved in a number of South African and African Internet related organisations and initiatives, including Namespace .za, the South African Internet Service Providers' Association, the African Internet Service Providers' Association (AfrISPA) and is a founding member of the South African chapter of the Internet Society (ISOC-ZA).

Mr Silber is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Country Code Names Supporting Organisation.

Bill St. Arnaud

Bill St. Arnaud is Senior Director Advanced Networks for CANARIE Inc., Canada's Advanced Internet Development Organization. At CANARIE he has been responsible for the coordination and implementation of Canada's next generation optical Internet initiative called CA*net 4.

Previously Bill St. Arnaud was the President and founder of a network and software engineering firm called TSA ProForma Inc. TSA was a LAN/WAN software company that developed wide area network client/server systems for use primarily in the financial and information business fields in the Far East and the United States.

Bill St. Arnaud is a frequent guest speaker at numerous conferences on the Internet and optical networking. He is a graduate of Carleton University School of Engineering.

Mr St. Arnaud serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, representing the Higher Education sector and selected via the ICANN Board.

Ken Stubbs

Ken Stubbs has provided consulting services to various clients for over 25 years, with a principle focus on the development of marketing strategies and operational and organizational structures. Previously, Mr. Stubbs worked for KPMG and Ernst & Young specializing in accounting systems and operations management consulting with special emphasis on travel, retail, and real estate industries.

Since 1994, Mr. Stubbs has consulted on Internet business development strategies for the development of both commercial as well as non-profit web sites. Mr. Stubbs is also the former Chairman of the Executive Committee of CORE (3 years) and has testified before both the United States House Commerce as well as the House Judiciary Committees as an expert on Internet development and commerce.

Mr. Stubbs has been an active participant in ICANN activities since it's inception, participating as a member of the Names Council, (serving as its chairman for 2 terms) representing both the Registrar as well as Registry constituencies. He was a member of the working group which formulated the UDRP and has been an active member of numerous task forces over the last 5 years. He has also been active participant in the World Summit on the Information Society and United Nations ICT Task Force. Mr. Stubbs graduated with honors from California State University at San Diego with a degree in business and is a Certified Public Accountant.

He is currently serving as the GTLD representative to the GNSO Council and has been a member of the Council since its inception in 1999. He is a Director of Afilias Registry as well as a member of the Afilias Board of Director's Executive Committee.

Mr Stubbs is a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the gTLD Registrars Constituency.

Frannie Wellings

Frannie Wellings is Program Manager at the Washington, D.C. office of Free Press. Free Press is a non-profit, non-commercial organization working to craft policies for a more democratic media system and more accessible Internet. She coordinates Free Press' policy analysis, issue briefings, coalition work, and public education activities.

Ms Wellings focuses on a number of issues, which include protecting community Internet initiatives and improving policies affecting the public airwaves, media ownership, and access to broadband. She works to remove policy barriers to the implementation of mesh networks and to open spectrum for consumer and community use.

Ms Wellings is the North American representative to the Executive Committee of the Non-Commercial Users Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation.

Ms Wellings previously served as a Policy Analyst at the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) in Washington, D.C. At EPIC, she analyzed Internet-related policy in ICANN, the OECD, APEC, the US Congress, and the United Nations. She coordinated NGO coalition support for policy developments that improved protections of privacy and freedom of expression. She was also the Director of the Public Voice, a project designed to promote and facilitate the participation of civil society in Internet policy-making.

Ms Wellings has a Bachelor of Science from the Arizona State University Barrett Honors College. She then studied communication policy obtaining a Master of Arts from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.

Ms Wellings serves as a voting member of the Nominating Committee, selected by the Non-Commercial Users Constituency of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."