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.koeln Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
koeln February 2019 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln February 2019 Activity Report koeln-activity-201902-en [CSV, 872 bytes]
koeln January 2019 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln January 2019 Activity Report koeln-activity-201901-en [CSV, 873 bytes]
koeln December 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln December 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201812-en [CSV, 873 bytes]
koeln November 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln November 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201811-en [CSV, 873 bytes]
koeln October 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln October 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201810-en [CSV, 873 bytes]
koeln September 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln September 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201809-en [CSV, 874 bytes]
koeln August 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln August 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201808-en [CSV, 872 bytes]
koeln July 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln July 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201807-en [CSV, 871 bytes]
koeln June 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
koeln June 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201806-en [CSV, 870 bytes]
koeln May 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln May 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201805-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
koeln April 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln April 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201804-en [CSV, 892 bytes]
koeln March 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln March 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201803-en [CSV, 892 bytes]
koeln February 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln February 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201802-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
koeln January 2018 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln January 2018 Activity Report koeln-activity-201801-en [CSV, 890 bytes]
koeln December 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln December 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201712-en [CSV, 890 bytes]
koeln November 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln November 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201711-en [CSV, 891 bytes]
koeln October 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln October 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201710-en [CSV, 893 bytes]
koeln September 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln September 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201709-en [CSV, 891 bytes]
koeln August 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln August 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201708-en [CSV, 893 bytes]
koeln July 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln July 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201707-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
koeln June 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln June 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201706-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln May 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln May 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201705-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln April 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln April 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201704-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln March 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln March 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201703-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
koeln February 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln February 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201702-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
koeln January 2017 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln January 2017 Activity Report koeln-activity-201701-en [CSV, 934 bytes]
koeln December 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln December 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201612-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
koeln November 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln November 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201611-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln October 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln October 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201610-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
koeln September 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln September 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201609-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
koeln August 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 5.0 KB]
koeln August 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201608-en [CSV, 932 bytes]
koeln July 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln July 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201607-en [CSV, 934 bytes]
koeln June 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln June 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201606-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
koeln May 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201605-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
koeln May 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201605-en [CSV, 930 bytes]
koeln April 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201604-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln April 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201604-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
koeln March 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201603-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
koeln March 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201603-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
koeln February 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201602-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln February 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201602-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln January 2016 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201601-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
koeln January 2016 Activity Report koeln-activity-201601-en [CSV, 930 bytes]
koeln December 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201512-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln December 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201512-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
koeln November 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201511-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln November 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201511-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
koeln October 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201510-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln October 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201510-en [CSV, 934 bytes]
koeln September 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201509-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln September 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201509-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln August 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201508-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln August 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201508-en [CSV, 933 bytes]
koeln July 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201507-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln July 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201507-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
koeln June 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201506-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
koeln June 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201506-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
koeln May 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201505-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln May 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201505-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
koeln April 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201504-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln April 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201504-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
koeln March 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201503-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln March 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201503-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
koeln February 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201502-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln February 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201502-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
koeln January 2015 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201501-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln January 2015 Activity Report koeln-activity-201501-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
koeln December 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201412-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
koeln December 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201412-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
koeln November 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201411-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
koeln November 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201411-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
koeln October 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201410-en [CSV, 4.5 KB]
koeln October 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201410-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
koeln September 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201409-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
koeln September 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201409-en [CSV, 937 bytes]
koeln August 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201408-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
koeln August 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201408-en [CSV, 912 bytes]
koeln July 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201407-en [CSV, 4.1 KB]
koeln July 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201407-en [CSV, 913 bytes]
koeln June 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201406-en [CSV, 3.6 KB]
koeln June 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201406-en [CSV, 906 bytes]
koeln May 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201405-en [CSV, 982 bytes]
koeln May 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201405-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
koeln April 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201404-en [CSV, 982 bytes]
koeln April 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201404-en [CSV, 889 bytes]
koeln March 2014 Transactions Report koeln-transactions-201403-en [CSV, 982 bytes]
koeln March 2014 Activity Report koeln-activity-201403-en [CSV, 888 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."