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Kobe 2019 Fellowship Participants

Photo of Fellowship Participants
  • Abdul Saboor Malik – Pakistan – Civil Society
  • Afifa Abbas – Bangladesh – Security - Coach
  • Alfred Ri'ibako – Solomon Islands – ccTLD Operations
  • Ana Paula Camelo – Brazil – Academic, Civil Society
  • Anna Thomas – India – Civil Society
  • Artem Gavrichenkov – Russian Federation – Security, Technical - Coach
  • Bertnell Auclene Malisa Richards – Guyana – Technical
  • Bronwyn Mercer – Australia – Technical, Civil Society
  • Chuan Guo – China – Business, Security, Technical
  • Claire Craig – Trinidad And Tobago – Academic - Coach
  • Claudio Neto – Portugal – Civil Society - Coach
  • Comoe Christiane Esther Anaky - Cote D'ivoire – Civil Society
  • Coppens Pasteur Ndayirague – Canada – Civil Society
  • Dajana Mulaj – Albania – Civil Society
  • David Morar – United States – Academic
  • Franco Giandana Gigena – Argentina – Academic, Civil Society
  • Grace Lindo – Jamaica – Intellectual Property, Legal Services
  • Gunela Astbrink – Australia – Civil Society
  • Hanan Khatib – Jordan – Internet End User
  • I-Hsuan Anna Wu – New Zealand – Technical
  • Ioana Florina Stupariu – Romania – Civil Society – Coach
  • Juan Alejo Peirano – United Kingdom – Technical
  • Katambi Joan – Uganda – Academic
  • Kristina Hakobyan – Armenia – Business, ccTLD Operations - Coach
  • Manmeet Pal Singh – India – Business, Internet End User - Coach
  • Mark William Datysgeld – Brazil – Business - Coach
  • Mate Mester – Hungary – Academic
  • Michael Karanicolas – Canada – Academic, Civil Society
  • Mona Elswah – United Kingdom – Academic
  • Olga Kyryliuk – Ukraine – Civil Society, Legal Services
  • Paola Perez Carrero - Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic Of – Security, Technical
  • Roxanne John – Saint Vincent And The Grenadines – Civil Society, Internet End User, Government
  • Royden Thato Mfikwe – South Africa – Civil Society
  • Seluvala Kauvaka – Tonga – Technical
  • Sergo Karakozov – Georgia – ccTLD Operations, Business
  • Subhash Dhakal – Nepal – Government
  • Syuzan Marukhyan – Armenia – Academic, Civil Society
  • Thomas Struett – United States – Academic
  • Vrikson Ivan Acosta Velasquez – Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of, Civil Society
  • Zakir Syed – Pakistan – Civil Society - Coach
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."