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About Enforcing a UDRP

All ICANN-accredited registrars are obligated by the Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) to comply with the Uniform Domain Dispute Policy, or UDRP. All domain name registrants are also required to comply with the terms of the UDRP by the Registration Agreement with their registrar.

If you, your client, or any interested party have a UDRP decision or UDRP related obligation that has not been implemented by the registrar, ICANN will review the matter to determine if the registrar is failing to comply with its obligations.

UDRP-enforcement complaints must meet the following two conditions:

  1. An approved UDRP Service Provider ("UDRP Panel") decision was rendered.
  2. The ten business day waiting period after the issuance of the UDRP Panel's decision has lapsed consistent with section 4(k) of the UDRP.

If you need to enforce a UDRP decision or registrar required obligation under the UDRP, please submit a UDRP Complaint Form.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."