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.courses Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
courses July 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202107-en [CSV, 9.5 KB]
courses July 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202107-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses June 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202106-en [CSV, 9.7 KB]
courses June 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202106-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
courses May 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202105-en [CSV, 6.7 KB]
courses May 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202105-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses April 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202104-en [CSV, 6.6 KB]
courses April 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202104-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses March 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202103-en [CSV, 6.6 KB]
courses March 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202103-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses February 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202102-en [CSV, 6.6 KB]
courses February 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202102-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
courses January 2021 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202101-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses January 2021 Activity Report courses-activity-202101-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
courses December 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202012-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses December 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202012-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
courses November 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202011-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses November 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202011-en [CSV, 928 bytes]
courses October 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202010-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses October 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202010-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
courses September 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202009-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses September 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202009-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
courses August 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202008-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses August 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202008-en [CSV, 928 bytes]
courses July 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202007-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses July 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202007-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
courses June 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202006-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses June 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202006-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
courses May 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202005-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses May 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202005-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses April 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202004-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses April 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202004-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
courses March 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202003-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses March 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202003-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
courses February 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202002-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses February 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202002-en [CSV, 928 bytes]
courses January 2020 Transactions Report courses-transactions-202001-en [CSV, 6.5 KB]
courses January 2020 Activity Report courses-activity-202001-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
courses December 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201912-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
courses December 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201912-en [CSV, 924 bytes]
courses November 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201911-en [CSV, 6.3 KB]
courses November 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201911-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses October 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201910-en [CSV, 6.3 KB]
courses October 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201910-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
courses September 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201909-en [CSV, 6.2 KB]
courses September 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201909-en [CSV, 925 bytes]
courses August 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201908-en [CSV, 6.2 KB]
courses August 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201908-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
courses July 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201907-en [CSV, 6.2 KB]
courses July 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201907-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
courses June 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201906-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
courses June 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201906-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
courses May 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201905-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
courses May 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201905-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
courses April 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201904-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
courses April 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201904-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses March 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201903-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
courses March 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201903-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses February 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses February 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201902-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
courses January 2019 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses January 2019 Activity Report courses-activity-201901-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
courses December 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses December 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201812-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses November 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses November 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201811-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
courses October 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses October 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201810-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
courses September 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 6.0 KB]
courses September 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201809-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
courses August 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses August 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201808-en [CSV, 921 bytes]
courses July 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses July 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201807-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
courses June 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses June 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201806-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses May 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses May 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201805-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
courses April 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses April 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201804-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses March 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses March 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201803-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
courses February 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses February 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201802-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses January 2018 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses January 2018 Activity Report courses-activity-201801-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
courses December 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses December 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201712-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
courses November 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses November 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201711-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
courses October 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses October 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201710-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
courses September 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses September 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201709-en [CSV, 916 bytes]
courses August 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses August 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201708-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
courses July 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
courses July 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201707-en [CSV, 913 bytes]
courses June 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 9.6 KB]
courses June 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201706-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
courses May 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 9.4 KB]
courses May 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201705-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
courses April 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 9.4 KB]
courses April 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201704-en [CSV, 957 bytes]
courses March 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 9.3 KB]
courses March 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201703-en [CSV, 952 bytes]
courses February 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 9.1 KB]
courses February 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201702-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
courses January 2017 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
courses January 2017 Activity Report courses-activity-201701-en [CSV, 944 bytes]
courses December 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 5.2 KB]
courses December 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201612-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
courses November 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 8.5 KB]
courses November 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201611-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
courses October 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
courses October 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201610-en [CSV, 948 bytes]
courses September 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
courses September 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201609-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
courses August 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
courses August 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201608-en [CSV, 948 bytes]
courses July 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 4.3 KB]
courses July 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201607-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
courses June 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 4.2 KB]
courses June 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201606-en [CSV, 945 bytes]
courses May 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201605-en [CSV, 4.2 KB]
courses May 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201605-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
courses April 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201604-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
courses April 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201604-en [CSV, 945 bytes]
courses March 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201603-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
courses March 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201603-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
courses February 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201602-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
courses February 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201602-en [CSV, 948 bytes]
courses January 2016 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201601-en [CSV, 3.8 KB]
courses January 2016 Activity Report courses-activity-201601-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
courses December 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201512-en [CSV, 3.9 KB]
courses December 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201512-en [CSV, 945 bytes]
courses November 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201511-en [CSV, 3.6 KB]
courses November 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201511-en [CSV, 943 bytes]
courses October 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201510-en [CSV, 3.5 KB]
courses October 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201510-en [CSV, 946 bytes]
courses September 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201509-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
courses September 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201509-en [CSV, 947 bytes]
courses August 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201508-en [CSV, 986 bytes]
courses August 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201508-en [CSV, 936 bytes]
courses July 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201507-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
courses July 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201507-en [CSV, 935 bytes]
courses June 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201506-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
courses June 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201506-en [CSV, 936 bytes]
courses May 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201505-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
courses May 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201505-en [CSV, 931 bytes]
courses April 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201504-en [CSV, 887 bytes]
courses April 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201504-en [CSV, 929 bytes]
courses March 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201503-en [CSV, 1003 bytes]
courses March 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201503-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
courses February 2015 Transactions Report courses-transactions-201502-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
courses February 2015 Activity Report courses-activity-201502-en [CSV, 927 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."