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Rights Protection Mechanisms

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These metrics are compiled from Uniform Dispute Resolution Procedure (UDRP) and Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) providers, as well as complaints to ICANN regarding these procedures.

1.9.a. UDRP and URS Cases Filed Against Registrants

The number of cases filed with UDRP and URS providers. [Updated Quarterly] [As of: 7 December, 2018]

Year Total
2012 3,987 (UDRP)
2013 3,371 (UDRP)
2014 4,077 (UDRP) & 233 (URS)
2015 4,192 (UDRP) & 220 (URS)
2016 4,387 (UDRP) & 227 (URS)
2017 4,561 (UDRP) & 163 (URS)
2018 4,650 (UDRP) & 158 (URS)

Source: Arbitration provider databases
CCT Review Category: Consumer Trust

1.9.b. Combined UDRP and URS Complaints to ICANN

This metric reports on the number of complaints to ICANN concerning implementation of UDRP and URS decisions. [Updated Quarterly] [As of: 8 January, 2018]

Year UDRP Complaints
2012 658
2013 408
2014 227
2015 250
2016 235
2017 213


Year URS Complaints
2014 19
2015 11
2016 9
2017 12

Source: ICANN databases
CCT Review Category: Consumer Trust

1.10 Combined UDRP and URS Decisions Against Registrants

The number of UDRP and URS decisions against registrants. [Updated Quarterly] [As of: 7 December, 2018]

UDRP Baseline Data:


Combined UDRP & URS Data Post Expansion:

Source: Arbitration provider databases (Note: Some arbitration providers also provide data on ccTLDs. This data does not reflect ccTLD cases. This data is subject to change on the arbitration provider databases. To access the most up-to-date data please review the databases here: List of Approved Dispute Resolution Providers. Please note that only the Asia Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre and the National Arbitration Forum provide URS arbitration services and UDRP services.)
CCT Review Category: Consumer Trust

1.12 Registry Restrictions Dispute Resolutions Procedure (RRDRP) Decisions

The RRDRP is intended to address circumstances in which a community-based New gTLD Registry Operator deviates from the registration restrictions outlined in its Registry Agreement. [Updated Annually]

As of 7 December 2018 there have been no RRDRP cases.

Source: The National Arbitration Forum
CCT Review Category: Consumer Trust

2.8 Share of Sunrise Registrations and Domain Blocks to Total Registrations in Each TLD

The number of sunrise registrations in new gTLDs. Domain blocks are defined as commercial blocking services offered by registries. Consolidated data on domain blocks is not currently available. The data presented here only reports on the share of sunrise registrations to total registrations in each TLD.

Metric 2.8 Excel File [XLSX, 24 KB] (Updated: 7 December, 2018)

Source: Trademark Database Reports
CCT Review Category: Consumer Choice

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."