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.cat Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Commencing with the January 2009 reports, the Report monthly report is posted as a PDF and the registrar trans-csv report as a CSV, XLS or PDF as provided by the Registry.

Registry Month Year Report File
cat January 2019 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
cat January 2019 Activity Report cat-activity-201901-en [CSV, 916 bytes]
cat December 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
cat December 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201812-en [CSV, 914 bytes]
cat November 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
cat November 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201811-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
cat October 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat October 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201810-en [CSV, 917 bytes]
cat September 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat September 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201809-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
cat August 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat August 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201808-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
cat July 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat July 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201807-en [CSV, 923 bytes]
cat June 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat June 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201806-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
cat May 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat May 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201805-en [CSV, 926 bytes]
cat April 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat April 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201804-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
cat March 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat March 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201803-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
cat February 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat February 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201802-en [CSV, 919 bytes]
cat January 2018 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat January 2018 Activity Report cat-activity-201801-en [CSV, 920 bytes]
cat December 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat December 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201712-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
cat November 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat November 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201711-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
cat October 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat October 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201710-en [CSV, 918 bytes]
cat September 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat September 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201709-en [CSV, 922 bytes]
cat August 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat August 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201708-en [CSV, 962 bytes]
cat July 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat July 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201707-en [CSV, 963 bytes]
cat June 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 5.8 KB]
cat June 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201706-en [CSV, 965 bytes]
cat May 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 5.6 KB]
cat May 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201705-en [CSV, 965 bytes]
cat April 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 5.6 KB]
cat April 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201704-en [CSV, 966 bytes]
cat March 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 5.6 KB]
cat March 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201703-en [CSV, 965 bytes]
cat February 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat February 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201702-en [CSV, 961 bytes]
cat January 2017 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat January 2017 Activity Report cat-activity-201701-en [CSV, 965 bytes]
cat December 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat December 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201612-en [CSV, 964 bytes]
cat November 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat November 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201611-en [CSV, 965 bytes]
cat October 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat October 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201610-en [CSV, 966 bytes]
cat September 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
cat September 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201609-en [CSV, 963 bytes]
cat August 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
cat August 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201608-en [CSV, 961 bytes]
cat July 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
cat July 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201607-en [CSV, 964 bytes]
cat June 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 5.4 KB]
cat June 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201606-en [CSV, 963 bytes]
cat May 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201605-en_1 [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat May 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201605-en [CSV, 961 bytes]
cat April 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201604-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat April 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201604-en [CSV, 963 bytes]
cat March 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201603-en [CSV, 5.1 KB]
cat March 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201603-en [CSV, 961 bytes]
cat February 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201602-en [CSV, 5.1 KB]
cat February 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201602-en [CSV, 962 bytes]
cat January 2016 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201601-en [CSV, 5.1 KB]
cat January 2016 Activity Report cat-activity-201601-en [CSV, 962 bytes]
cat December 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201512-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat December 2015 Activity Report cat-activity-201512-en [CSV, 962 bytes]
cat November 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201511-en [CSV, 4.9 KB]
cat October 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201510-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat October 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201510-en [PDF, 246.6 KB]
cat September 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201509-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat September 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201509-en [PDF, 246.7 KB]
cat August 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201508-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat August 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201508-en [PDF, 248.8 KB]
cat July 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201507-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat July 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201507-en [PDF, 118.5 KB]
cat June 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201506-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat June 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201506-en [PDF, 246.7 KB]
cat May 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201505-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat May 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201505-en [PDF, 249.1 KB]
cat April 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201504-en [CSV, 6.9 KB]
cat April 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201504-en [PDF, 247.4 KB]
cat March 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201503-en [CSV, 6.8 KB]
cat March 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201503-en [PDF, 246.7 KB]
cat February 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201502-en [CSV, 6.7 KB]
cat February 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201502-en [PDF, 247.9 KB]
cat January 2015 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201501-en [CSV, 6.7 KB]
cat January 2015 Operator Report cat-operator-201501-en [PDF, 220.8 KB]
cat December 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201412-en [CSV, 6.6 KB]
cat December 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201412-en [PDF, 220.8 KB]
cat November 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201411-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
cat November 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201411-en [PDF, 220.2 KB]
cat October 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201410-en [CSV, 6.4 KB]
cat October 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201410-en [PDF, 218.1 KB]
cat September 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201409-en [CSV, 6.2 KB]
cat September 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201409-en [PDF, 218.5 KB]
cat August 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201408-en [CSV, 6.2 KB]
cat August 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201408-en [PDF, 108.4 KB]
cat July 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201407-en [CSV, 6.1 KB]
cat July 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201407-en [PDF, 108.8 KB]
cat June 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201406-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat June 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201406-en [PDF, 108.8 KB]
cat May 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201405-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat May 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201405-en [PDF, 108.4 KB]
cat April 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201404-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat April 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201404-en [PDF, 108.6 KB]
cat March 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201403-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat March 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201403-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat February 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201402-en [CSV, 3.6 KB]
cat February 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201402-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat January 2014 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201401-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat January 2014 Operator Report cat-operator-201401-en [PDF, 108.9 KB]
cat December 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201312-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat December 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201312-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat November 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201311-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat November 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201311-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat October 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201310-en [CSV, 0 bytes]
cat October 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201310-en [PDF, 109.0 KB]
cat September 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201309-en [CSV, 5.9 KB]
cat September 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201309-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat August 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201308-en [CSV, 5.6 KB]
cat August 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201308-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat July 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201307-en [CSV, 5.7 KB]
cat July 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201307-en [PDF, 108.8 KB]
cat June 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201306-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat June 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201306-en [PDF, 108.9 KB]
cat May 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201305-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat May 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201305-en [PDF, 108.4 KB]
cat April 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201304-en [CSV, 5.5 KB]
cat April 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201304-en [PDF, 108.4 KB]
cat March 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201303-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat March 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201303-en [PDF, 108.5 KB]
cat February 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201302-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat February 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201302-en [PDF, 107.4 KB]
cat January 2013 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201301-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat January 2013 Operator Report cat-operator-201301-en [PDF, 118.9 KB]
cat December 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201212-en [CSV, 3.3 KB]
cat December 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201212-en [PDF, 107.4 KB]
cat November 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201211-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat November 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201211-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat October 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201210-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat October 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201210-en [PDF, 108.2 KB]
cat September 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201209-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat September 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201209-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat August 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201208-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat August 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201208-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat July 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201207-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat July 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201207-en [PDF, 108.0 KB]
cat June 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201206-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat June 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201206-en [PDF, 108.1 KB]
cat May 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201205-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat May 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201205-en [PDF, 120.8 KB]
cat April 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201204-en [CSV, 5.3 KB]
cat April 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201204-en [PDF, 120.9 KB]
cat March 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201203-en [CSV, 5.2 KB]
cat March 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201203-en [PDF, 120.9 KB]
cat February 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201202-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
cat February 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201202-en [PDF, 107.6 KB]
cat January 2012 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201201-en [CSV, 3.2 KB]
cat January 2012 Operator Report cat-operator-201201-en [PDF, 121.3 KB]
cat December 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201112-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
cat December 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201112-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat November 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201111-en [CSV, 3.1 KB]
cat November 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201111-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat October 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201110-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat October 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201110-en [PDF, 108.1 KB]
cat September 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201109-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat September 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201109-en [PDF, 121.0 KB]
cat August 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201108-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat August 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201108-en [PDF, 120.6 KB]
cat July 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201107-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat July 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201107-en [PDF, 121.0 KB]
cat June 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201106-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat June 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201106-en [PDF, 121.0 KB]
cat May 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201105-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat May 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201105-en [PDF, 120.5 KB]
cat April 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201104-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat April 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201104-en [PDF, 120.6 KB]
cat March 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201103-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat March 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201103-en [PDF, 120.7 KB]
cat February 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201102-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat February 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201102-en [PDF, 120.6 KB]
cat January 2011 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201101-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat January 2011 Operator Report cat-operator-201101-en [PDF, 121.0 KB]
cat December 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201012-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
cat December 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201012-en [PDF, 120.7 KB]
cat November 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201011-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat November 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201011-en [PDF, 120.6 KB]
cat October 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201010-en [CSV, 4.8 KB]
cat October 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201010-en [PDF, 121.0 KB]
cat September 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201009-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
cat September 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201009-en [PDF, 120.6 KB]
cat August 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201008-en [CSV, 4.7 KB]
cat August 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201008-en [PDF, 120.7 KB]
cat July 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201007-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
cat July 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201007-en [PDF, 118.4 KB]
cat June 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201006-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
cat June 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201006-en [PDF, 107.1 KB]
cat May 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201005-en [CSV, 3.0 KB]
cat May 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201005-en [PDF, 107.2 KB]
cat April 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201004-en [CSV, 4.6 KB]
cat April 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201004-en [PDF, 107.3 KB]
cat March 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201003-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
cat March 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201003-en [PDF, 114.8 KB]
cat February 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201002-en [CSV, 4.4 KB]
cat February 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201002-en [PDF, 115.2 KB]
cat January 2010 Transactions Report cat-transactions-201001-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat January 2010 Operator Report cat-operator-201001-en [PDF, 110.9 KB]
cat December 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200912-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat December 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200912-en [PDF, 106.5 KB]
cat November 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200911-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat November 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200911-en [PDF, 107.4 KB]
cat October 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200910-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat October 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200910-en [PDF, 107.3 KB]
cat September 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200909-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat September 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200909-en [PDF, 104.8 KB]
cat August 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200908-en [CSV, 2.7 KB]
cat August 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200908-en [PDF, 104.8 KB]
cat July 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200907-en [CSV, 2.7 KB]
cat July 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200907-en [PDF, 105.2 KB]
cat June 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200906-en [CSV, 2.7 KB]
cat June 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200906-en [PDF, 105.2 KB]
cat May 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200905-en [CSV, 2.7 KB]
cat May 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200905-en [PDF, 104.8 KB]
cat April 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200904-en [CSV, 2.8 KB]
cat April 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200904-en [PDF, 107.1 KB]
cat March 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200903-en [CSV, 2.4 KB]
cat March 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200903-en [PDF, 113.9 KB]
cat February 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200902-en [XLS, 21.0 KB]
cat February 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200902-en [PDF, 109.2 KB]
cat January 2009 Transactions Report cat-transactions-200901-en [CSV, 2.3 KB]
cat January 2009 Operator Report cat-operator-200901-en [PDF, 103.0 KB]
cat December 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200812-en [PDF, 163.6 KB]
cat November 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200811-en [PDF, 185.2 KB]
cat October 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200810-en [PDF, 182.7 KB]
cat September 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200809-en [PDF, 181.7 KB]
cat August 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200808-en [PDF, 182.1 KB]
cat July 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200807-en [PDF, 182.3 KB]
cat June 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200806-en [PDF, 180.1 KB]
cat May 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200805-en [PDF, 178.2 KB]
cat April 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200804-en [PDF, 179.5 KB]
cat March 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200803-en [PDF, 152.7 KB]
cat February 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200802-en [PDF, 157.5 KB]
cat January 2008 Operator Report cat-operator-200801-en [PDF, 210.5 KB]
cat December 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200712-en [PDF, 104.9 KB]
cat November 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200711-en [PDF, 107.0 KB]
cat October 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200710-en [PDF, 105.2 KB]
cat September 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200709-en [PDF, 105.2 KB]
cat August 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200708-en [PDF, 104.0 KB]
cat July 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200707-en [PDF, 110.3 KB]
cat June 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200706-en [PDF, 108.3 KB]
cat May 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200705-en [PDF, 109.3 KB]
cat April 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200704-en [PDF, 109.1 KB]
cat March 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200703-en [PDF, 110.1 KB]
cat February 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200702-en [PDF, 107.7 KB]
cat January 2007 Operator Report cat-operator-200701-en [PDF, 107.8 KB]
cat December 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200612-en [PDF, 103.7 KB]
cat November 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200611-en [PDF, 102.7 KB]
cat October 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200610-en [PDF, 102.8 KB]
cat September 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200609-en [PDF, 113.2 KB]
cat August 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200608-en [PDF, 115.9 KB]
cat July 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200607-en [PDF, 115.0 KB]
cat June 2006 Operator Report cat-operator-200606-en [PDF, 115.2 KB]
 
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."